Nikon AI Fisheye-Nikkor 8mm F/2.8

Fisheye lens • Film era • Discontinued

AI A manual focus lens with automatic maximum aperture indexing, which is a mechanical system for coupling the lens to the camera's exposure system.
FISHEYE An ultra-wide angle lens with strong uncorrected barrel distortion and extreme 180-degree angle of view.

Model history ⋅ モデル履歴

Nikon AI-S Fisheye-Nikkor 8mm F/2.8A10 - 80.3m-- 1981 
Nikon AI Fisheye-Nikkor 8mm F/2.8A10 - 80.3m-- 1977 
Nikon Fisheye-Nikkor Auto 8mm F/2.8A10 - 80.3m-- 1970 

Nikon F

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:April ⋅ 4月 1959
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Mechanical ⋅ 機械的
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:No ⋅ 番号

Nikkormat FS

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1965
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Mechanical ⋅ 機械的
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:No ⋅ 番号
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:146x95x33mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:715g

Nikkormat FT

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1965
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Mechanical ⋅ 機械的
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:146x95x33mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:745g

Nikkormat FTN

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1967
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Mechanical ⋅ 機械的
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:148x95x54mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:765g

Nikon F2

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:November ⋅ 11月 1971
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Mechanical ⋅ 機械的
Speeds ⋅ 速度:10 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:No ⋅ 番号
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:152.5x98x65mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:730g

Nikkormat EL

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1972
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:4 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:145x93.5x54.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:780g

Nikkormat FT2

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1975
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Mechanical ⋅ 機械的
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:148x96x54mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:780g

Nikkormat ELW

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1976
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:4 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:145x93.5x54.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:790g

Nikkormat FT3

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1977
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Mechanical ⋅ 機械的
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:148x96x54mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:750g

Nikon EL2

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1977
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:8 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:145x93.5x54.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:780g

Nikon FM

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1977
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Mechanical ⋅ 機械的
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:142x89.5x60.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:590g

Nikon FE

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1978
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:8 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:142x89.5x57.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:590g

Nikon EM

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1979
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:135x86x54mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:460g

Nikon F3

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1980
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:8 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:148.5x96.5x65.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:700g

Nikon FG

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1982
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:136x87.5x54mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:490g

Nikon FM2

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1982
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Mechanical ⋅ 機械的
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:142.5x90x60mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:540g

Nikon FA

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1983
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:142.5x92x64.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:625g

Nikon FE2

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1983
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:8 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:142.5x90x57.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:550g

Nikon FG-20

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1984
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:136x88x54mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:440g

Nikon N2000

35mm MF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F-301
Announced ⋅ 発表:1985
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:148.5x97.5x54.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:570g

Nikon N2020

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F-501
Announced ⋅ 発表:1986
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:148.5x97.5x54.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:610g

Nikon N4004

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F-401
Announced ⋅ 発表:1987
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:154x102x65.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:645g

Nikon F4

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1988
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:168.5x117.5x76.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:1090g

Nikon N8008

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F-801
Announced ⋅ 発表:1988
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:153.6x102.5x67.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:695g

Nikon N4004S

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F-401S
Announced ⋅ 発表:1989
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:154x102x65.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:650g

Nikon N6000

35mm MF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F-601M
Announced ⋅ 発表:1990
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:154.5x96x65mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:565g

Nikon N6006

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F-601
Announced ⋅ 発表:1990
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:154.5x100x66.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:650g

Nikon N5005

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F-401X
Announced ⋅ 発表:1991
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:154x102x65mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:647g

Nikon N8008S

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F-801S
Announced ⋅ 発表:1991
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:154x103x67mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:695g

Nikon N90

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F90
Announced ⋅ 発表:1992
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:154x106x69mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:755g

Nikon N50

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F50
Announced ⋅ 発表:1994
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:149x96x70mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:580g

Nikon N70

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F70
Announced ⋅ 発表:1994
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:151x103x70mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:585g

Nikon N90S

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F90X
Announced ⋅ 発表:1994
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:154x106x69mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:755g

Nikon FM10

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1995
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Mechanical ⋅ 機械的
Speeds ⋅ 速度:1 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:139x86x53mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:420g

Nikon F5

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1996
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:158x149x79mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:1210g

Nikon FE10

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1996
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:8 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:139x86x53mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:400g

Nikon F100

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:1999
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:155x113x66mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:785g

Nikon N60

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F60
Announced ⋅ 発表:1999
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:148.5x96x69mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:575g

Nikon N65

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F65
Announced ⋅ 発表:2000
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:139.5x92.5x65.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:395g

Nikon N80

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F80
Announced ⋅ 発表:2000
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:141.5x98.5x71mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:515g

Nikon FM3A

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:2001
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:8 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:142.5x90x58mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:570g

Nikon N55

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F55
Announced ⋅ 発表:2002
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:129x92x65mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:350g

Nikon N75

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as ⋅ としても知られている:Nikon F75
Announced ⋅ 発表:2003
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:131x92.5x65mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:380g

Nikon F6

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:2004
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 24mm
Shutter type ⋅ シャッタータイプ:Focal-plane ⋅ フォーカルプレーン
Shutter model ⋅ シャッターモデル:Electronically controlled ⋅ 電子制御
Speeds ⋅ 速度:30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering ⋅ 露出測光:Through-the-lens (TTL) ⋅ スルーザレンズ
Exposure modes ⋅ 露出モード:Programmed Auto ⋅ プログラムされた自動
Aperture-priority Auto ⋅ 絞り優先オート
Shutter-priority Auto ⋅ シャッター優先オート
Manual ⋅ マニュアル
Dimensions ⋅ 寸法:157x119x78.5mm
Weight ⋅ 重さ:975g

Nikon D3

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:August ⋅ 8月 2007
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 23.9mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:4256 × 2832 - 12 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D700

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:July ⋅ 7月 2008
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 23.9mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:4256 × 2832 - 12 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D3X

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:December ⋅ 12月 2008
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:35.9 × 24mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:6048 × 4032 - 24 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D3s

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:October ⋅ 10月 2009
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 23.9mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:4256 × 2832 - 12 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D4

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:January ⋅ 1月 2012
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 23.9mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:4928 × 3280 - 16 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D800

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:February ⋅ 2月 2012
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:35.9 × 24mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:7360 × 4912 - 36 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D800E

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:February ⋅ 2月 2012
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:35.9 × 24mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:7360 × 4912 - 36 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D600

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:September ⋅ 9月 2012
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:35.9 × 24mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:6016 × 4016 - 24 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D610

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:October ⋅ 10月 2013
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:35.9 × 24mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:6016 × 4016 - 24 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon Df

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:November ⋅ 11月 2013
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 23.9mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:4928 × 3280 - 16 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D4s

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:February ⋅ 2月 2014
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:36 × 23.9mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:4928 × 3280 - 16 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D810

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:June ⋅ 六月 2014
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:35.9 × 24mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:7360 × 4912 - 36 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D750

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:September ⋅ 9月 2014
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:35.9 × 24mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:6016 × 4016 - 24 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D810A

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:February ⋅ 2月 2015
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:35.9 × 24mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:7360 × 4912 - 36 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D5

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:January ⋅ 1月 2016
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:35.9 × 23.9mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:5588 × 3712 - 21 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D850

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:August ⋅ 8月 2017
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:35.9 × 23.9mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:8256 × 5504 - 45 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D780

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:January ⋅ 1月 2020
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:35.9 × 23.9mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:6048 × 4024 - 24 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Nikon D6

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced ⋅ 発表:February ⋅ 2月 2020
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Format ⋅ フォーマット:35.9 × 23.9mm
Resolution ⋅ 解像度:5568 × 3712 - 21 MP
Sensor type ⋅ センサータイプ:CMOS
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正:-

Designed for ⋅ のために設計された

Features highlight ⋅ 機能のハイライト

Extreme AoV
Fast
Auto
MF
Built-in filters

Specification ⋅ 仕様

Production details ⋅ 制作内容
Announced ⋅ 発表:1977
Production status ⋅ 生産状況:Discontinued ⋅ 製造中止
Production type ⋅ 生産タイプ:Mass production ⋅ 大量生産
Original name ⋅ 元の名前:Nippon Kogaku Fisheye-NIKKOR Auto 1:2.8 f=8mm
Optical design ⋅ 光学設計
Focal length ⋅ 焦点距離:8mm
Speed ⋅ スピード:F/2.8
Maximum format ⋅ 最大フォーマット:35mm full frame ⋅ 35mmフルフレーム
Mount ⋅ マウント:Nikon F
Flange focal distance ⋅ フランジバック:46.5mm
Lens construction ⋅ レンズ構造:10 elements ⋅ 要素 - 8 groups ⋅ グループ
Convex protruding front element ⋅ 凸状に突き出たフロントエレメント
Diaphragm mechanism ⋅ ダイヤフラムメカニズム
Diaphragm type ⋅ ダイヤフラムタイプ:Automatic ⋅ 自動
Number of blades ⋅ 絞り羽根の数:7
Focusing ⋅ フォーカシング
Closest focusing distance ⋅ 最短撮影距離:0.3m
Maximum magnification ratio ⋅ 最大倍率:<No information ⋅ 情報なし>
Focusing method ⋅ フォーカシング方法:<No information ⋅ 情報なし>
Focusing modes ⋅ フォーカシングモード:Manual focus only ⋅ マニュアルフォーカスのみ
Manual focus control ⋅ マニュアルフォーカス制御:Focusing ring ⋅ フォーカシングリング
Physical characteristics ⋅ 体格的特徴
Weight ⋅ 重量:1100g
Maximum diameter x Length ⋅ 最大直径x長さ:⌀123×128mm
Accessories ⋅ 付属品
Filters ⋅ フィルタ:Removable front filters are not accepted ⋅ 取り外し可能なフロントフィルターは使用できません
Built-in ⋅ ビルトイン L1A, Y48, Y52, O56, R60 (part of the lens optical system ⋅ レンズ光学システムの一部)
Lens hood ⋅ レンズフード:Not available ⋅ 利用不可

Manufacturer description

Sales Points

  • Circular fisheye coverage of 180 degrees
  • Large maximum aperture.
  • Through-the-lens viewing and focusing down to one foot (0.3m).
  • Supplied with a set of 5 filters (skylight, two yellow, orange and red) built into a revolving turret screw-in front lens cap.
  • Photographic uses include scientific and industrial applications, and special effects in sports, travel, photojournalism, advertising, and commercial work.

Typical application ⋅ 典型的なアプリケーション

scientific and industrial photography ⋅ 科学および産業写真

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35mm full frame

43.27 24 36
  • Dimensions: 36 × 24mm
  • Aspect ratio: 3:2
  • Diagonal: 43.27mm

Fisheye lens

A fisheye lens is a type of ultra-wide angle lenses with extreme 180 degree angle of view. Unlike conventional wide-angle lenses, fisheyes are not corrected for distortion - strong barrel distortion is a characteristic of all lenses of such class.

Fisheye lenses are normally used for specialized purposes and unusual special effects in advertising, commercial, scientific, surveillance, meteorologic and astronomic photography, but also popular for shooting extremely wide landscapes, interiors, action sports and even funny close-up portraits.

There are two types of fisheye lenses:

Travellers' choice

Note

Among autofocus lenses designed for 35mm full-frame mirrorless cameras only. Speed of standard and telephoto lenses is taken into account.

Professional lens (Top class)

One of the best fisheye primes

According to lens-db.com; among lenses designed for the same maximum format and mount.

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Cannot compare the lens to itself.

Quality control issues

The manufacturer of this lens does not provide adequate quality control. If you do decide to purchase this lens, do not order it online, but choose the best copy available in the store. In any case, there may also be problems with the build quality, and warranty repairs can take months.

Image stabilizer

A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film.

The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.

MF

Sorry, no additional information is available.

Original name

Lens name as indicated on the lens barrel (usually on the front ring). With lenses from film era, may vary slightly from batch to batch.

Format

Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.

35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.

APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.

Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).

Angle of view

Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.

As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.

A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).

This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),

where:

CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.

Mount

A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.

A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.

Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance from the lens mount to the film or sensor can also be different.

Lens construction

Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.

Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.

Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.

Flange focal distance

The flange focal distance (FFD), sometimes called the "flange back", is the distance from the mechanical rear end surface of the lens mount to the focal plane.

Focal length

The focal length is the factor that determines the size of the image reproduced on the focal plane, picture angle which covers the area of the subject to be photographed, depth of field, etc.

Speed

The largest opening or stop at which a lens can be used is referred to as the speed of the lens. The larger the maximum aperture is, the faster the lens is considered to be. Lenses that offer a large maximum aperture are commonly referred to as fast lenses, and lenses with smaller maximum aperture are regarded as slow.

In low-light situations, having a wider maximum aperture means that you can shoot at a faster shutter speed or work at a lower ISO, or both.

Closest focusing distance

The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.

Closest working distance

The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.

Magnification ratio

Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. For example, a magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size".

Electromagnetic diaphragm control system

Provides highly accurate diaphragm control and stable auto exposure performance during continuous shooting.

Convex protruding front element

The convex front element protrudes from the lens barrel, making it impossible to use filters.

Manual diaphragm

The diaphragm must be stopped down manually by rotating the detent aperture ring.

Preset diaphragm

The lens has two rings, one is for pre-setting, while the other is for normal diaphragm adjustment. The first ring must be set at the desired aperture, the second ring then should be fully opened for focusing, and turned back for stop down to the pre-set value.

Semi-automatic diaphragm

The lens features spring mechanism in the diaphragm, triggered by the shutter release, which stops down the diaphragm to the pre-set value. The spring needs to be reset manually after each exposure to re-open diaphragm to its maximum value.

Automatic diaphragm

The camera automatically closes the diaphragm down during the shutter operation. On completion of the exposure, the diaphragm re-opens to its maximum value.

Number of blades

As a general rule, the more blades that are used to create the aperture opening in the lens, the rounder the out-of-focus highlights will be.

Some lenses are designed with curved diaphragm blades, so the roundness of the aperture comes not from the number of blades, but from their shape. However, the fewer blades the diaphragm has, the more difficult it is to form a circle, regardless of rounded edges.

At maximum aperture, the opening will be circular regardless of the number of blades.

Weight

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

Maximum diameter x Length

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.

Weather sealing

A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.

Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.

Fluorine coating

Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front and/or rear lens elements over multi-coatings.

Filters

Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.

Lens hood

A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.

The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.

Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.

Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.