Canon FL system

Discontinued

Canon FX

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced: Apr 1964
Mount: Canon FL
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Mechanical
Speeds: 1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering: Through the separate window
Dimensions: 141x90x43mm
Weight: 670g

Canon FP

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced: Oct 1964
Mount: Canon FL
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Mechanical
Speeds: 1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering: No
Dimensions: 141x90x43mm
Weight: 650g

Canon Pellix

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced: Apr 1965
Mount: Canon FL
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Mechanical
Speeds: 1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Dimensions: 141x90x43mm
Weight: 700g

Canon FT QL

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced: Mar 1966
Mount: Canon FL
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Mechanical
Speeds: 1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Dimensions: 144x93x43mm
Weight: 740g

Canon Pellix QL

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced: Mar 1966
Mount: Canon FL
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Mechanical
Speeds: 1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Dimensions: 144x91x43mm
Weight: 755g

Canon TL

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced: Feb 1968
Mount: Canon FL
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Mechanical
Speeds: 1 - 1/500 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Dimensions: 144x93x43mm
Weight: 700g

Canon FX

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced: Apr 1964
Mount: Canon FL
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Mechanical
Speeds: 1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering: Through the separate window
Dimensions: 141x90x43mm
Weight: 670g

Canon FP

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced: Oct 1964
Mount: Canon FL
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Mechanical
Speeds: 1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering: No
Dimensions: 141x90x43mm
Weight: 650g

Canon Pellix

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced: Apr 1965
Mount: Canon FL
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Mechanical
Speeds: 1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Dimensions: 141x90x43mm
Weight: 700g

Canon FT QL

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced: Mar 1966
Mount: Canon FL
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Mechanical
Speeds: 1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Dimensions: 144x93x43mm
Weight: 740g

Canon Pellix QL

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced: Mar 1966
Mount: Canon FL
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Mechanical
Speeds: 1 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Dimensions: 144x91x43mm
Weight: 755g

Canon TL

35mm MF film SLR camera

Announced: Feb 1968
Mount: Canon FL
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Mechanical
Speeds: 1 - 1/500 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Dimensions: 144x93x43mm
Weight: 700g

The Canon FX, FP and FT QL are a series of three nearly identical 35mm SLR cameras with a quick-return mirror and a mechanical shutter with speeds up to 1/1000 sec. The FX (1964) had a window exposure meter, the cheaper FP (1964) did not have an exposure meter at all, and the FT QL (1966) received TTL stop-down exposure metering. Released in 1968, the TL was a simplified and cheaper version of the FT QL with a maximum shutter speed of 1/500 sec.

The Pellix (1965) and Pellix QL (1966) are cameras with a semitransparent stationary reflex mirror, behind which there was a meterring cell, which raised to perform TTL stop-down exposure metering. About 2/3 of the light from the lens passed directly through to the film, and the remaining 1/3 was reflected to the viewfinder. This design, in addition to providing TTL exposure metering, was simpler, and there was no finder blackout during exposure. However, there were some drawbacks: because of the semitransparent mirror, about 0.5 EV of light was lost, and the viewfinder was 1 3/4 EV darker compared to using a fully reflecting mirror.

The system had an extensive lens lineup: from super wide-angle 19mm to a super fast f/1.2 normal lens, to a super telephoto 1000mm. Included is a 50mm f/3.5 macro lens. Each lens provides the fastest speed for its focal length, with superior definition and resolution. All surfaces of the lenses are Spectra coated, insuring maximum color and tone balance, great light transmission and elimination of glare.

Camera lineup

Adaptation to digital SLR cameras

For information on adapting lenses of this system to digital SLR cameras, please refer to the dedicated article.

Canon FL mount lens lineup

Lenses found: 33
Ultra-wide angle prime lenses
Canon FL 19mm F/3.5Pancake lensNon-retrofocusPro 1964 
Canon FL 19mm F/3.5 RPro 1965 
Wide-angle prime lenses
Canon FL 28mm F/3.5 1966 
Canon FL 35mm F/3.5 1968 
Canon FL 35mm F/2.5 1964 
Canon FLP 38mm F/2.8Pancake lens 1965 
Standard prime lenses
Canon FL 50mm F/1.8 I 1964 
Canon FL 50mm F/1.8 II 1968 
Canon FL 50mm F/1.4 1965 
Canon FL 50mm F/1.4 I 1966 
Canon FL 50mm F/1.4 II 1968 
Canon FL 55mm F/1.2 1968 
Canon FL 58mm F/1.2 I 1964 
Canon FL 58mm F/1.2 II 1966 
Short telephoto prime lenses
Canon FL 85mm F/1.8 1964 
Canon FL 100mm F/3.5 1964 
Medium telephoto prime lenses
Canon FL 135mm F/3.5 1966 
Canon FL 135mm F/2.5 1965 
Canon FL 200mm F/4.5 1966 
Canon FL 200mm F/3.5 (I) 1964 
Canon FL 200mm F/3.5 (II) 1966 
Super telephoto prime lenses
Canon FL-F 300mm F/5.6Pro 1969 
Canon FL 300mm F/2.8 S.S.C. FLUORITEPro 1974 
Canon FL 400mm F/5.6Pro 1971 
Canon FL-F 500mm F/5.6Pro 1969 
Canon FL 600mm F/5.6Pro 1971 
Canon FL 800mm F/8Pro 1971 
Canon FL 1200mm F/11 S.S.C. 1972 
Macro lenses
Canon FL 50mm F/3.5 Macro1:2 1965 
Canon FL Bellows 100mm F/4 MacroFor bellowsPro 1969 
Telephoto zoom lenses
Canon FL 55-135mm F/3.5 1964 
Canon FL 85-300mm F/5 1965 
Canon FL 100-200mm F/5.6 1966 

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