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Canon FL system


The Canon FX, FP and FT QL are a series of three nearly identical 35mm SLR cameras with a quick-return mirror and a mechanical shutter with speeds up to 1/1000 sec. The FX (1964) had a window exposure meter, the cheaper FP (1964) did not have an exposure meter at all, and the FT QL (1966) received TTL stop-down exposure metering. Released in 1968, the TL was a simplified and cheaper version of the FT QL with a maximum shutter speed of 1/500 sec.

The Pellix (1965) and Pellix QL (1966) are cameras with a semitransparent stationary reflex mirror, behind which there was a meterring cell, which raised to perform TTL stop-down exposure metering. About 2/3 of the light from the lens passed directly through to the film, and the remaining 1/3 was reflected to the viewfinder. This design, in addition to providing TTL exposure metering, was simpler, and there was no finder blackout during exposure. However, there were some drawbacks: because of the semitransparent mirror, about 0.5 EV of light was lost, and the viewfinder was 1 3/4 EV darker compared to using a fully reflecting mirror.

The system had an extensive lens lineup: from super wide-angle 19mm to a super fast f/1.2 normal lens, to a super telephoto 1000mm. Included is a 50mm f/3.5 macro lens. Each lens provides the fastest speed for its focal length, with superior definition and resolution. All surfaces of the lenses are Spectra coated, insuring maximum color and tone balance, great light transmission and elimination of glare.

Camera lineup

Canon FL mount lens lineup

Ultra-wide angle prime lenses
3.5 Canon FL 19mm F/3.5 ⌀58Pancake lensNon-retrofocusPro 1964 
3.5 Canon FL 19mm F/3.5 R S.IXPro 1965 
Wide-angle prime lenses
3.5 Canon FL 28mm F/3.5 ⌀58 1966 
3.5 Canon FL 35mm F/3.5 ⌀48 1968 
2.5 Canon FL 35mm F/2.5 ⌀58 1964 
2.8 Canon FLP 38mm F/2.8 ⌀48Pancake lens 1965 
Standard prime lenses
1.8 Canon FL 50mm F/1.8 [I] ⌀48 1964 
1.8 Canon FL 50mm F/1.8 [II] ⌀48 1968 
1.4 Canon FL 50mm F/1.4 ⌀58 1965 
1.4 Canon FL 50mm F/1.4 [I] ⌀58 1966 
1.4 Canon FL 50mm F/1.4 [II] ⌀58 1968 
1.2 Canon FL 55mm F/1.2 ⌀58 1968 
1.2 Canon FL 58mm F/1.2 ⌀58 1964 
Short telephoto prime lenses
1.8 Canon FL 85mm F/1.8 ⌀58 1964 
3.5 Canon FL 100mm F/3.5 ⌀48 1964 
Medium telephoto prime lenses
3.5 Canon FL 135mm F/3.5 ⌀48 1966 
2.5 Canon FL 135mm F/2.5 ⌀58 1965 
4.5 Canon FL 200mm F/4.5 ⌀48 1966 
3.5 Canon FL 200mm F/3.5 ⌀58 1964 
Super telephoto prime lenses
5.6 Canon FL-F 300mm F/5.6 ⌀58Pro 1969 
2.8 Canon FL 300mm F/2.8 S.S.C. FLUORITEPro 1974 
5.6 Canon FL 400mm F/5.6Pro 1971 
5.6 Canon FL-F 500mm F/5.6 ⌀95Pro 1969 
5.6 Canon FL 600mm F/5.6Pro 1971 
8 Canon FL 800mm F/8Pro 1971 
11 Canon FL 1200mm F/11 S.S.C. 1972 
Macro lenses
3.5 Canon FL 50mm F/3.5 Macro ⌀581:2 @ CFD 0.234m 1965 
4.0 Canon FL Bellows 100mm F/4 Macro ⌀48For bellowsPro 1969 
Telephoto zoom lenses
3.5 Canon FL 55-135mm F/3.5 ⌀58 1964 
5.0 Canon FL 85-300mm F/5 ⌀72 1965 
5.6 Canon FL 100-200mm F/5.6 ⌀55Push/pull 1966 

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