Sigma 85mm F/1.4 EX DG HSM

Short telephoto prime lens • Digital era • Discontinued

EX Professional lens with high quality optics and robust build. Meets the highest standards and provides excellent performance and flawless image quality unachievable with traditional optical technologies.
DG The lens is designed for full-frame digital cameras but can be also used on APS-C digital cameras.
HSM The lens is equipped with Hyper Sonic Motor.

Model history ⋅ モデル履歴

Sigma 85mm F/1.4 DG HSM | AA14 - 120.85mE86 2016 
Sigma 85mm F/1.4 EX DG HSMA11 - 80.85mE77 2010 

Sample photos

F/1.4
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F/2.8
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F/2
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F/2
F/1.4
F/1.4
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F/1.4
F/1.4
F/1.4
F/1.4
F/1.6
F/6.3
F/1.4
F/2.5

Sample photos uploaded by users

F/1.4
F/7.1
F/1.4
F/1.4

Features highlight ⋅ 機能のハイライト

ASPH
RF
HSM
MFO

Specification ⋅ 仕様

Production status and name ⋅ 生産状況と名称
Announced ⋅ 発表: February ⋅ 2月 2010
Production status ⋅ 生産状況: Discontinued ⋅ 製造中止
Original name ⋅ 元の名前: Sigma 85mm 1:1.4 EX DG HSM
Optical design ⋅ 光学設計
Maximum format ⋅ 最大フォーマット: 35mm full frame ⋅ 35mmフルフレーム
Mount ⋅ マウント: Canon EF
Minolta/Sony A
Nikon F
Pentax K
Sigma SA
Diagonal angle of view ⋅ 対角画角: 28.5° (35mm full frame ⋅ 35mmフルフレーム)
22.8° (Canon EF APS-H)
18.9° (Minolta/Sony A APS-C)
18.9° (Nikon F APS-C)
18.9° (Pentax K APS-C)
16.6° (Sigma SA APS-C)
Lens construction ⋅ レンズ構造: 11 elements ⋅ 要素 - 8 groups ⋅ グループ
1 ASPH, 1 SLD
Diaphragm mechanism ⋅ ダイヤフラムメカニズム
Diaphragm control system ⋅ ダイヤフラム制御システム: Mechanical ⋅ 機械的 (Nikon F, Pentax K)
Electromagnetic ⋅ 電磁 (Canon EF, Minolta/Sony A, Sigma SA)
Number of blades ⋅ 絞り羽根の数: 9
Focusing ⋅ フォーカシング
Closest focusing distance ⋅ 最短撮影距離: 0.85m
Maximum magnification ratio ⋅ 最大倍率: 1:8.6 at the closest focusing distance ⋅ 最寄りの距離で
Focusing method ⋅ フォーカシング方法: Rear focusing (RF) ⋅ リアフォーカシング
Focusing modes ⋅ フォーカシングモード: Autofocus, manual focus ⋅ オートフォーカス、マニュアルフォーカス
Manual focus control ⋅ マニュアルフォーカス制御: Focusing ring ⋅ フォーカシングリング
Autofocus motor ⋅ オートフォーカスモーター: Hyper Sonic Motor
Focus mode selector ⋅ フォーカスモードセレクター: AF/M
Manual focus override in autofocus mode ⋅ オートフォーカスモードでの手動フォーカスオーバーライド: Yes ⋅ はい
Image stabilizer ⋅ 手ぶれ補正
Optical Stabilizer (OS): -
Physical characteristics ⋅ 体格的特徴
Weight ⋅ 重量: 725g (Sigma SA)
Maximum diameter x Length ⋅ 最大直径x長さ: ⌀86.4×87.6mm (Sigma SA)
Weather sealing ⋅ ウェザーシーリング: -
Fluorine coating ⋅ フッ素コーティング: -
Accessories ⋅ 付属品
Filters ⋅ フィルタ: Screw-type ⋅ ネジ式 77mm
Lens hood ⋅ レンズフード: Bayonet-type ⋅ バヨネットタイプ LH850-03 (petal-shaped ⋅ 花びらの形)

Manufacturer description

This large aperture medium telephoto lens optimized for use with digital SLR cameras features a focal length of 85mm, ensuring a natural perspective. The large aperture of F1.4 is especially ideal for portrait and low light photography. When used on digital cameras with an APS-C size image sensor, the lens effectively becomes a 127.5mm F1.4 lens. One SLD (Special Low Dispersion) glass element and one glass mold element give excellent correction for all types of aberrations and ensure superior optical performance. This lens is equipped with a rear focus system that minimizes fluctuation of aberration caused by focusing. The Super Multi-Layer Coating reduces flare and ghost even in backlight photography. Incorporating HSM (Hyper Sonic Motor), this lens provides quiet and high speed AF as well as full-time manual focus capability. It features a minimum focusing distance of 85cm and a maximum magnification 1:8.6. This lens has a round 9 blade diaphragm which creates an attractive blur to the out of focus images.

This lens is supplied with a Petal-type hood to block out extraneous light. For digital cameras with an APS-C size image sensor, a dedicated hood adapter, which expands the length of the lens hood, is supplied and enables the hood to block out extraneous light more effectively.

From the editor ⋅ 編集者から

A pre-production version of the lens shown at PMA 2010 had “crinkle” paint finish that was a hallmark of Sigma’s design for many years. Production version, however, received classic smooth matte paint finish.

Older Sigma EX lenses had very distinctive crinkle (grainy) paint finish which feels like velvet and completely prevents any reflections from the lens barrel. Unfortunately such finish also has some drawbacks:

  • it easily becomes dirty and needs to be cleaned with a wet cloth,
  • it peels off in some areas of the lens after the long use.

The lens name and other markings on older Sigma EX lenses are printed, not engraved, so if the finish peels off from these areas, the markings are gone also.

Sigma tried to experiment with that finish, but it remained more delicate in comparison with traditional smooth matte finish used by the camera manufacturers. During the transition period of 2010 the company abandoned crinkle finish in favor of smooth matte paint finish.

Typical application ⋅ 典型的なアプリケーション

portraits ⋅ 肖像画, photojournalism, weddings, parties, carnivals, live concerts ⋅ フォトジャーナリズム、結婚式、パーティー、カーニバル、ライブコンサート, street ⋅ 街, sports ⋅ スポーツ, travel ⋅ トラベル

Canon EF 85mm F/1.4L IS USM

Canon EF 85mm F/1.4L IS USM
  • Advantages ⋅ 利点: 3
  • Disadvantages ⋅ 短所: 2

Samyang AF 85mm F/1.4 EF / F (Rokinon)

Samyang AF 85mm F/1.4 EF / F (Rokinon)
  • Advantages ⋅ 利点: 4
  • Disadvantages ⋅ 短所: 0

Sigma 85mm F/1.4 DG HSM | A

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 85mm F/1.4G

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 85mm F/1.4G
  • Advantages ⋅ 利点: 3
  • Disadvantages ⋅ 短所: 0

Samyang AF 85mm F/1.4 EF / F (Rokinon)

Samyang AF 85mm F/1.4 EF / F (Rokinon)
  • Advantages ⋅ 利点: 3
  • Disadvantages ⋅ 短所: 0

HD Pentax-D FA* 85mm F/1.4 ED SDM AW

Canon EF 85mm F/1.4L IS USM

Canon EF 85mm F/1.4L IS USM
  • Advantages ⋅ 利点: 3
  • Disadvantages ⋅ 短所: 2

Best fast short telephoto primes

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35mm full frame

43.27 24 36
  • Dimensions: 36 × 24mm
  • Aspect ratio: 3:2
  • Diagonal: 43.27mm

Travellers' choice

Note

Among autofocus lenses designed for 35mm full-frame mirrorless cameras only. Speed of standard and telephoto lenses is taken into account.

Professional lens

One of the best fast short telephoto primes

According to lens-db.com; among lenses designed for the same maximum format and mount.

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Quality control issues

The manufacturer of this lens does not provide adequate quality control. If you do decide to purchase this lens, do not order it online, but choose the best copy available in the store. In any case, there may also be problems with the build quality, and warranty repairs can take months.

Model produced in a small batch. It is collectible and can only be found on the secondary market.

Image stabilizer

A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film.

The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.

Classic focal length

85 and 90mm are the classic focal lengths of short telephoto lenses for 35mm full-frame SLR and rangefinder cameras (respectively). As a rule, this class of lenses consists of high-speed models, however, there were also slow ones in the era of analog photography.

Short telephoto lenses are optimized for portrait photography, so that the background blur and impressive isolation of the subject from the background is achieved at medium focusing distances.

Many short telephoto lenses are compact and lightweight enough to be well suited for casual and travel photography. Some models are equipped with optical image stabilization.

Hyper Sonic Motor

Sorry, no additional information is available.

Hyper Sonic Motor

Sorry, no additional information is available.

Hyper Sonic Motor

Sorry, no additional information is available.

Hyper Sonic Motor

Sorry, no additional information is available.

Hyper Sonic Motor

Sorry, no additional information is available.

AF/M

AFAutofocus mode.
MManual focus mode.

Aspherical elements

Aspherical elements (ASPH, XA, XGM) are used in wide-angle lenses for correction of distortion and in large-aperture lenses for correction of spherical aberration, astigmatism and coma, thus ensuring excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture. The effect of the aspherical element is determined by its position within the optical formula: the more the aspherical element moves away from the aperture stop, the more it influences distortion; close to the aperture stop it can be particularly used to correct spherical aberration. Aspherical element can substitute one or several regular spherical elements to achieve similar or better optical results, which allows to develop more compact and lightweight lenses.

Use of aspherical elements has its downsides: it leads to non-uniform rendering of out-of-focus highlights. This effect usually appears as "onion-like" texture of concentric rings or "wooly-like" texture and is caused by very slight defects in the surface of aspherical element. It is difficult to predict such effect, but usually it occurs when the highlights are small enough and far enough out of focus.

Low dispersion elements

Low dispersion elements (ED, LD, SD, UD etc) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture. This type of glass exhibits low refractive index, low dispersion, and exceptional partial dispersion characteristics compared to standard optical glass. Two lenses made of low dispersion glass offer almost the same performance as one fluorite lens.

Low dispersion elements

Low dispersion elements (ED, LD, SD, UD etc) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture. This type of glass exhibits low refractive index, low dispersion, and exceptional partial dispersion characteristics compared to standard optical glass. Two lenses made of low dispersion glass offer almost the same performance as one fluorite lens.

Canon's Super UD, Nikon's Super ED, Pentax' Super ED, Sigma's FLD ("F" Low Dispersion), Sony' Super ED and Tamron's XLD glasses are the highest level low dispersion glasses available with extremely high light transmission. These optical glasses have a performance equal to fluorite glass.

High-refraction low-dispersion elements

High-refraction low-dispersion elements (HLD) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture.

High Index, High Dispersion elements

High Index, High Dispersion elements (HID) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture.

Anomalous partial dispersion elements

Anomalous partial dispersion elements (AD) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture.

Fluorite elements

Synthetic fluorite elements (FL) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture. Compared with optical glass, fluorite lenses have a considerably lower refraction index, low dispersion and extraordinary partial dispersion, and high transmission of infrared and ultraviolet light. They are also significantly lighter than optical glass.

According to Nikon, fluorite easily cracks and is sensitive to temperature changes that can adversely affect focusing by altering the lens' refractive index. To avoid this, Canon, as the manufacturer most widely using fluorite in its telephoto lenses, never uses fluorite in the front and rear lens elements, and the white coating is applied to the lens barrels to reflect light and prevent the lens from overheating.

Short-wavelength refractive elements

High and specialized-dispersion elements (SR) refract light with wavelengths shorter than that of blue to achieve highly precise chromatic aberration compensation. This technology also results in smaller and lighter lenses.

Blue Spectrum Refractive Optics

Organic Blue Spectrum Refractive Optics material (BR Optics) placed between convex and concave elements made from conventional optical glass provides more efficient correction of longitudinal chromatic aberrations in comparison with conventional technology.

Diffraction elements

Diffraction elements (DO, PF) cancel chromatic aberrations at various wavelengths. This technology results in smaller and lighter lenses in comparison with traditional designs with no compromise in image quality.

High refractive index elements

High refractive index elements (HR, HRI, XR etc) minimize field curvature and spherical aberration. High refractive index element can substitute one or several regular elements to achieve similar or better optical results, which allows to develop more compact and lightweight lenses.

Apodization element

Apodization element (APD) is in fact a radial gradient filter. It practically does not change the characteristics of light beam passing through its central part but absorbs the light at the periphery. It sort of softens the edges of the aperture making the transition from foreground to background zone very smooth and results in very attractive, natural looking and silky smooth bokeh.

Original name

Lens name as indicated on the lens barrel (usually on the front ring). With lenses from film era, may vary slightly from batch to batch.

Format

Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.

35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.

APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.

Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).

Angle of view

Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.

As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.

A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).

This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),

where:

CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.

Mount

A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.

A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.

Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance from the lens mount to the film or sensor can also be different.

Lens construction

Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.

Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.

Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.

Closest focusing distance

The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.

Closest working distance

The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.

Magnification ratio

Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. For example, a magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size".

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Electronic manual focus override is performed in the following way: half-press the shutter button, wait until the camera has finished the autofocusing and then focus manually without releasing the shutter button using the focusing ring.

Electromagnetic diaphragm control system

Provides highly accurate diaphragm control and stable auto exposure performance during continuous shooting.

Convex protruding front element

The convex front element protrudes from the lens barrel, making it impossible to use filters.

Fixed focus

There is no helicoid in this lens and everything is in focus from the closest focusing distance to infinity.

Overall linear extension

The entire lens optical system moves straight backward and forward when focusing is carried out. This is the simplest type of focusing used mainly in wide-angle and standard prime lenses. It has the advantage of introducing relatively little change in aberrations with respect to change in focusing distance. With telephoto and super telephoto lenses this method becomes less beneficial in terms of operability because of the increased size and weight of the lens system.

Front group linear extension

The rear group remains fixed and only the front group moves straight backward and forward during focusing. This method is primarily used in zoom lenses and allows to design comparatively simple lens construction, but also places restrictions on zoom magnification and size reduction.

Front group rotational extension

The lens barrel section holding the front lens group rotates to move the front group backward and forward during focusing. This method of focusing is also used only in zoom lenses.

Internal focusing (IF)

Focusing is performed by moving one or more lens groups positioned between the front lens group and the diaphragm.

Methods of internal and rear focusing have the following advantages:

Rear focusing (RF)

Focusing is performed by moving one or more lens groups positioned behind the diaphragm.

Methods of internal and rear focusing have the following advantages:

Number of blades

As a general rule, the more blades that are used to create the aperture opening in the lens, the rounder the out-of-focus highlights will be.

Some lenses are designed with curved diaphragm blades, so the roundness of the aperture comes not from the number of blades, but from their shape. However, the fewer blades the diaphragm has, the more difficult it is to form a circle, regardless of rounded edges.

At maximum aperture, the opening will be circular regardless of the number of blades.

Weight

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

Maximum diameter x Length

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.

Weather sealing

A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.

Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.

Fluorine coating

Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front and/or rear lens elements over multi-coatings.

Filters

Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.

Lens hood

A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.

The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.

Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.

Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.