|■Nikon Reflex-NIKKOR[·C] 1000mm F/11||--||5 - 5||8m||--||1966 ●|
|■Nikon Reflex-NIKKOR 1000mm F/11||--||5 - 5||8m||--||1976 ●|
■ Production details
|Production status:||● Discontinued|
|Original name:||Nippon Kogaku Reflex-NIKKOR 1:11 f=1000mm|
|Nikon Reflex-NIKKOR 1:11 f=1000mm|
|Nikon Reflex-NIKKOR·C 1:11 f=1000mm|
|System:||Nikon F (1959)|
■ Optical design
|Maximum format:||35mm full frame|
|Mount and Flange focal distance:||Nikon F [46.5mm]|
|Diagonal angle of view:||2.5°|
|Lens construction:||5 elements in 5 groups|
|Closest focusing distance:||8m|
|Maximum magnification:||1:7 at the closest focusing distance|
|Focusing modes:||Manual focus only|
|Manual focus control:||Focusing ring|
■ Diaphragm mechanism
|Number of blades:||-|
■ Physical characteristics
|Maximum diameter x Length:||⌀117×234mm|
|Filters:||Removable front filters are not accepted|
|Built-in L39, Y48, O56, R60 (part of the lens optical system)|
|Lens hood:||108mm - Clamp-on round with set screw|
■ Sources of data
|1. Manufacturer's technical data.|
|2. Nikon Sales Manual (July 1977).|
|3. The Nikon system of photography booklet (September 1965).|
|4. Nikon F2 Photography Guide.|
Reflex-Nikkor lenses-500mm, 1000mm and 2000mm in focal length - are a combination of mirror and lens elements. They are based on design principles used in large astronomical telescopes. Incoming light is reflected twice on the mirror surfaces, resulting in compactness of the lens barrel and light weight relative to their focal lengths. The physical lengths of these lenses are less than half of their focal lengths.
The 500mm f/8 Reflex-Nikkor weighs about 1kg, the 1000mm 1.9kg and the 2000mm 7.5kg.
These lenses are effective for scientific applications, sports, natural life and in isolating architectural details.
To adjust image brightness, neutral density or other filters are used, because the Reflex-Nikkor lenses are not equipped with diaphragms.
To compensate for minute displacement of focus caused by temperature changes, the focusing ring on each Reflex-Nikkor lens may be turned beyond the infinity marking.
Sharpness of the focused image is unsurpassed because of the use of reflecting surfaces which do not cause any chromatic aberration. This eliminates the need for the infrared mark on the focusing distance scale.
Taken with this type of lens, the subjects in the out-of-focus range may appear as blurred rings or separated blurred lines.
This is a very compact, Iightweight super telephoto lens of the catadioptric type. Despite its 1000mm focal length, overall length is only 238mm. It weighs 1.9kg.
All aberrations, particularly chromatic aberration, have been well corrected. This gives high resolution and good contrast, with very sharp picture results. The ring-shaped blurs in the out-of-focus areas in a picture are minimized due to the great depth of field.
The lens may be focused to very close 8 meters (25 feet), an outstanding feature of this lens.
Four filters (L39, Y48, O56 and R60) are included in a rotating filter wheel built into the rear of the lens. When the lens is mounted on a tripod, the camera body can be turned to either the vertical or horizontal picture format.
This lens system excels in nature studies in the field and in capturing sports action under ideal light conditions.
A very compact and Iightweight super-telephoto lens. Despite the focal length of 1000 mm, the overall length is only 240 mm and weighs 1.6 kg.
All aberrations, particularly chromatic aberration, have been well corrected. This gives a high resolution and good contrast and very sharp pictures can be obtained. With this lens, the residual blurred ring becomes almost negligible due to its great depth of field.
It focuses down to as close as 8 meters (25 feet), which is an outstanding feature of this telephoto lens. It has four built-in filters (L39, Y48, O56 and R60) which are interchangeable by revolving the turret.
The tripod socket permits convenient changeover between vertical and horizontal camera positions, and a built-in revolving fitting at the rear end, makes it possible to turn the camera up to 90 degrees. Excellent for photography in nature study and sports.
Supplied with UV (L39), Yellow (Y48), Orange (O56) and Red (R60) filters, 115 mm slip-on hood, 115 mm slip-on leather front cap, rear cap type F in leather case.
Compared to the 1000mm f6.3 model, the lens offers a reduced minimum focus distance of just 8m and a far more manageable weight of 1900g but retains the same revolving filter turret of the earlier lens.
·C (multi-coated) version of this lens was introduced in August 1974. The specification is exactly the same as for the single-coated version.
Ultra-slow full-frame super telephoto prime lens • Mirror/Reflex lens
A lens based on design principles used in large astronomical telescopes. It is a combination of mirror and lens elements. Incoming light is reflected twice on the mirror surfaces, resulting in compactness of the lens barrel and light weight relative to the focal length.
To adjust image brightness, neutral density or other filters are used, because lenses of this type are not equipped with diaphragms.
Sharpness of the focused image is unsurpassed because of the use of reflecting surfaces which do not cause any chromatic aberration.
Taken with this type of lens, the subjects in the out-of-focus range may appear as blurred rings or separate blurred lines.
Genres or subjects of photography (3):
Distant subjects • Distant landscapes with perspective compression effect • Wild nature
Adaptation to digital SLR cameras:
Canon EOS SLRs • Sigma SD SLRs • Sony SLRs/SLTs • Pentax SLRs • More information
In order to adapt the lens, the flange focal distance (FFD) of the lens mount must be equal to or greater than the FFD of the camera mount. This lens has the Nikon F mount with a FFD of 46.5mm. This is even shorter than the FFD of Canon EOS digital SLR cameras, which have the shortest FFD of 44mm of any modern digital SLR cameras. Therefore, this lens cannot be adapted to any digital SLR camera.
Recommended slowest shutter speed when shooting static subjects handheld:
1/1000th of a second
Sorted by focal length and speed, in ascending order
|Nikon Reflex-NIKKOR[·C] 500mm F/8||--||5 - 3||4m||⌀88||1968 ●|
|Nikon Reflex-NIKKOR 500mm F/8||--||6 - 6||1.5m||⌀82||1983 ●|
|Nikon Reflex-NIKKOR 500mm F/5||--||5 - 4||15m||⌀122||1961 ●|
|Nikon Reflex-NIKKOR 1000mm F/11||--||5 - 5||8m||--||1976 ●|
|Nikon Reflex-NIKKOR 1000mm F/6.3||--||3 - 2||30m||--||1959 ●|
|Nikon Reflex-NIKKOR[·C] 2000mm F/11||--||5 - 5||20m||--||1971 ●|
|Sigma MF 1000mm F/13.5 Mirror||--||6 - 6||5m||⌀86||1983 ●|
Offer optical performance similar to AI Nikkors but do not incorporate the automatic maximum-aperture indexing (AI) and Aperture Direct Reading (ADR) features. They are used with stopdown exposure measurement on Nikon cameras. However, most Auto-Nikkors equipped with meter-coupling shoe can be converted to AI operation and full-aperture metering.
Diaphragms - automatic, preset, or manual - of non-AI and AI lens types function in an identical manner with all Nikon-system cameras.
The very first lenses for the Nikon F and the Nikkormat FT/FTN belong to the A-type and can be distinguished by the fact that no screw heads are visible on the lens bayonet ring, and the distance scale was only marked in meters. Later A-type lenses have screw heads protruding through the lens bayonet and a distance scale in both meters and feet. All A-type lenses have a chrome finished filter ring and the designation was engraved with the name "Nikkor", the maximum aperture, and the focal length. Early A-types have the focal length shown in centimeters, whilst on later lenses it is given in millimeters. Lenses having "Auto" are equipped with automatic diaphragms which are coupled directly to the shutter release and mirror action mechanisms.
Several of these lenses were modified by the addition of multi-coating to their glass elements to become C-types.
The code letter after the "Nikkor" engraving is indicative of the number of elements in each lens. The letters are from Latin or Greek: U for 1 element (Uns),B for 2 elements (Bini), T for 3 elements (Tres), Q for 4 elements (Quatuor), P for 5 elements (Pente), H for 6 elements (Hex), S for 7 elements (Septem), O for 8 elements (Octo), N for 9 elements (Novem), D for 10 elements (Decem).
Thus, the Nikkor-P Auto 105mm lens is constructed with five lens elements, and the Nikkor-UD Auto consists of eleven elements.
The C-type Nikkors resemble the A-versions, but some or all of their glass elements are multi-coated. Slight cosmetic changes also differentiate the C-type lenses, which have a black finish to their filter ring with the additional "C" after the code letter for the number of elements. The C-types were introduced from 1967 and remained in production into the early 1970s.
Most K-type lenses were fitted with a rubber covered focusing ring, which makes them instantly recognizable from their predecessors. Their depth-of-field rings were usually finished in black, but otherwise their internal construction was the same as the C-types. During 1977, after a relatively short time in production, the K-types were replaced by the AI Nikkors.
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Cannot compare the lens to itself.
A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film.
The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.
Lens name as indicated on the lens barrel (usually on the front ring). With lenses from film era, may vary slightly from batch to batch.
Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.
35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.
APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.
Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).
Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.
As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.
A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).
This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),
CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.
A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.
A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.
Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance can also be different.
The flange focal distance (FFD) is the distance from the mechanical rear end surface of the lens mount to the focal plane.
Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.
Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.
Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.
The focal length is the factor that determines the size of the image reproduced on the focal plane, picture angle which covers the area of the subject to be photographed, depth of field, etc.
The largest opening or stop at which a lens can be used is referred to as the speed of the lens. The larger the maximum aperture is, the faster the lens is considered to be. Lenses that offer a large maximum aperture are commonly referred to as fast lenses, and lenses with smaller maximum aperture are regarded as slow.
In low-light situations, having a wider maximum aperture means that you can shoot at a faster shutter speed or work at a lower ISO, or both.
The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.
The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.
Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. For example, a magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size".
The diaphragm must be stopped down manually by rotating the detent aperture ring.
The lens has two rings, one is for pre-setting, while the other is for normal diaphragm adjustment. The first ring must be set at the desired aperture, the second ring then should be fully opened for focusing, and turned back for stop down to the pre-set value.
The lens features spring mechanism in the diaphragm, triggered by the shutter release, which stops down the diaphragm to the pre-set value. The spring needs to be reset manually after each exposure to re-open diaphragm to its maximum value.
The camera automatically closes the diaphragm down during the shutter operation. On completion of the exposure, the diaphragm re-opens to its maximum value.
The aperture setting is fixed at F/11 on this lens, and cannot be adjusted.
As a general rule, the more blades that are used to create the aperture opening in the lens, the rounder the out-of-focus highlights will be.
Some lenses are designed with curved diaphragm blades, so the roundness of the aperture comes not from the number of blades, but from their shape. However, the fewer blades the diaphragm has, the more difficult it is to form a circle, regardless of rounded edges.
At maximum aperture, the opening will be circular regardless of the number of blades.
Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).
Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).
For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.
A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.
Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.
Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front and/or rear lens elements over multi-coatings.
Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.
A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.
The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.
Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.
Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.
Teleconverters increase the effective focal length of lenses. They also usually maintain the closest focusing distance of lenses, thus increasing the magnification significantly. A lens combined with a teleconverter is normally smaller, lighter and cheaper than a "direct" telephoto lens of the same focal length and speed.
Teleconverters are a convenient way of enhancing telephoto capability, but it comes at a cost − reduced maximum aperture. Also, since teleconverters magnify every detail in the image, they logically also magnify residual aberrations of the lens.
Scratched lens surfaces can spoil the definition and contrast of even the finest lenses. Lens covers are the best and most inexpensive protection available against dust, moisture and abrasion. Safeguard lens elements - both front and rear - whenever the lens is not in use.