Nikon AF-S Nikkor 80-200mm F/2.8D IF-ED

Telephoto zoom lens • Film era • Discontinued

Abbreviations

AF-S The lens is equipped with Silent Wave Motor.
D The lens relays subject-to-camera distance information to the camera.
IF The lens incorporates internal focusing.
ED The lens incorporates low dispersion elements.

Production details

Announced:December 1998
Production status: Discontinued
Production type:Mass production
Original name:Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 80-200mm 1:2.8 D ED
System: Nikon F (1959)

Model history (5)

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 80-200mm F/2.8D IF-EDA18 - 141.5m⌀77 1998 
↑ Change of optical design
Nikon AF Nikkor 80-200mm F/2.8D IF-EDA16 - 111.8m⌀77 1997 
Nikon AF Nikkor 80-200mm F/2.8D EDPush/pullA16 - 111.8m⌀77 1992 
Nikon AF Nikkor 80-200mm F/2.8 EDPush/pullA16 - 111.8m⌀77 1987 
↑ Change of optical design
Nikon AI-S Zoom-Nikkor 80-200mm F/2.8 EDPush/pullA15 - 112.5m⌀95 1982 

Features highlight

Fast
Constant F/2.8
5 ED
9 blades
IF
SWM
MFO
Focus limiter
IZ
TC

Specification

Optical design
Focal length range:80mm - 200mm [2.5X zoom ratio]
Speed range:F/2.8 across the focal length range
Maximum format:35mm full frame
Mount and Flange focal distance:Nikon F [46.5mm]
Diagonal angle of view:30.3° @ 80mm - 12.3° @ 200mm (35mm full frame)
20° @ 80mm - 8.1° @ 200mm (Nikon F APS-C)
Lens construction:18 elements - 14 groups
5 ED
Diaphragm mechanism
Diaphragm type:Automatic
Diaphragm control system:Mechanical
Aperture control:Aperture ring (Manual settings + Auto Exposure setting)
Number of blades:9
Zooming
Zoom mechanism:Manual
Zoom control:Zoom ring
Zoom type:Rotary
Zooming method:Internal zooming
Focusing
Closest focusing distance:1.5m
Maximum magnification ratio:<No data>
Focusing method:Internal focusing (IF)
Focusing modes:Autofocus, manual focus
Manual focus control:Focusing ring
Autofocus motor:Silent Wave Motor
Focus mode selector:M/A - M
Manual focus override in autofocus mode:Yes
Focusing distance range limiter:FULL;2.5-
Vibration Reduction (VR)
Built-in VR:-
Physical characteristics
Weight:1580g
Maximum diameter x Length:⌀88×207mm
Weather sealing:-
Fluorine coating:-
Accessories
Filters:Screw-type 77mm
Lens hood:Bayonet-type HB-17 (petal-shaped)
Teleconverters: Nikon AF-I Teleconverter TC-14E → 112-280mm F/3.9
 Nikon AF-S Teleconverter TC-14E II → 112-280mm F/3.9
 Nikon Teleconverter TC-14 → 112-280mm F/3.9
 Nikon Teleconverter TC-14A → 112-280mm F/3.9
 Nikon Teleconverter TC-14B → 112-280mm F/3.9
 Nikon AF-S Teleconverter TC-17E II → 136-340mm F/4.8
 Nikon AF-I Teleconverter TC-20E → 160-400mm F/5.6
 Nikon AF-S Teleconverter TC-20E II → 160-400mm F/5.6
 Nikon AF-S Teleconverter TC-20E III Aspherical → 160-400mm F/5.6
 Nikon Teleconverter TC-200 → 160-400mm F/5.6
 Nikon Teleconverter TC-201 → 160-400mm F/5.6

*) Source of data: Manufacturer's technical data.

Manufacturer description

Melville, New York, October 28, 1998 - Nikon has brought the advantages of its Silent Wave Motor and Autofocus (AF) technologies to the photojournalism, action and low-light categories with two new lenses - the AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 28-70mm f/2.8D IF-ED and the AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 80-200mm f/2.8D IF-ED.

The new lenses incorporate AF-S Nikkor lens technology, which provides faster and more accurate autofocus operation, along with an all-new optical design to make them smaller and lighter for more effective field use. Autofocus performance is formidable, allowing the user to shoot up to eight perfectly focused frames per second, with Focus Tracking and Lock-On™.

The lenses are also perfectly balanced, with Internal Focusing (IF) for ultra-fast autofocus performance, compact design, lightweight construction, critical balance and closer focusing ability. In addition, Nikon's exclusive Silent Wave Motor (SWM) technology enables swifter autofocusing with exceptional accuracy and powerful, whisper-quiet operation. Each AF-S Nikkor lens' Silent Wave Motor interfaces directly with the lenses' focusing elements. Because there is no gear-train, there is none of the power loss or noise associated with conventional gear-type lens driving systems. Virtually silent, Nikon's new AF lenses provide significant advantages.

Each of the new lenses boasts a newly-designed optical system, demonstrating Nikon's unsurpassed status as the world's preeminent designer of high-performance optics. With exclusive Extra-Low Dispersion (ED) optical glass, and for the wide-angle zoom a new molded-glass aspherical lens design, the two new lenses offer minimized distortion and chromatic/spherical aberration, while delivering superior resolution, color brilliance, brightness and contrast. A nine-blade, rounded diaphragm makes out-of-focus elements in the picture appear more natural.

The advanced M/A mode featured in all AF-S Nikkor lenses allows the photographer to switch instantly from autofocus to manual performance, even during AF servo operation, with virtually no lag time. As with all AF and AF-S Nikkor lenses, there is no power consumption during manual focusing.

Comfort and usability are ensured with a wide variety of features for streamlined performance. A rotating zoom ring offers precise zoom control, and the filter attachment does not rotate during focusing and zooming. Dedicated lens hoods effectively minimize stray light. A detachable tripod mounting collar is provided with the 80-200mm lens. And, the lenses are built to be dust- and moisture-resistant.

The new lenses, like the 300mm f/2.8D, 400mm f/2.8D, 500mm f/4D and 600mm f/4D before them, deliver superior fast and accurate autofocus performance with Nikon's award-winning, flagship F5 camera body and the Nikon F4, F4S, N90s, N70, Pronea 6i and Pronea S cameras. In addition, the new lenses can be used for manual focusing with virtually every Nikon single lens reflex (SLR) camera. System compatibility is ensured through the use of Nikon's exclusive F-lens mount, part of the legacy of life-long flexibility and interchangeability that Nikon offers with its Total Imaging System.

Nikon AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 80-200mm F/2.8D IF-ED Lens

  • Nikon's exclusive Silent Wave Motor enables swift autofocusing with exceptional accuracy and powerful, super-quiet operation.
  • Newly-designed optical system for superior optical performance.
  • Five ED (extra-low dispersion) glasses minimize chromatic aberrations.
  • Nikon Integrated Coating provides exceptional color balance and image contrast.
  • Distance Signal enables the highest compatibility with Nikon's advanced SLR designs.
  • Rounded diaphragm opening (9 blades) makes out-of-focus elements appear more natural.
  • IF (internal focusing) ensures fast AF operation, compact, lightweight construction and a closer focusing distance.
  • M/A mode enables switching from autofocus to manual focus, even during AF servo operation, with virtually no lag time.
  • Closest focusing distance of 4.9 feet throughout zoom range.
  • No power consumption during manual focusing operation.
  • Three focus lock buttons are provided.
  • Detachable tripod mounting collar provided.
  • Fully compatible with AF-I Teleconverter TC-14E and TC-20E to increase the original focal length.
  • Filter attachment does not rotate during focusing and zooming.
  • Rotating zoom ring for precise zoom control.
  • Dedicated lens hood effectively minimizes stray light.
  • Optional HN-34 hood for using circular polarizing filter is available.
  • Dust- and moisture-resistant design.

From the editor

This two-ring design that uses no fewer than 5 elements made from ED glass can focus down to 1.5m and is without doubt the best lens of this class that Nikon have ever made. Its performance is truly outstanding in all departments so much that it does not bear comparison with the earlier versions. The AF is exceptionally quick, and near silent. Handling is excellent and the four focus lock buttons set around the lens barrel allow for rapid and secure operation when the composition requires adjustment because the subject falls outside the area covered by the camera's AF sensors. Sharpness, contrast, and color saturation are superb. Whilst the tripod collar is more than sufficiently rigid it has a very rough action when you try to rotate the lens to change the orientation of the camera, due to the collar being too narrow.

Typical application

portraits, distant subjects, distant landscapes with perspective compression effect, photojournalism, weddings, parties, carnivals, live concerts, sports, wild nature

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 70-200mm F/2.8G IF-ED VR

Alternatives in the Nikon F system

Sorted by focal length and speed, in ascending order

Sigma 70-200mm F/2.8 APO EX DG OS HSM

Sigma 70-200mm F/2.8 APO EX DG HSM II Macro

Sigma 70-200mm F/2.8 APO EX DG HSM Macro

Sigma 70-200mm F/2.8 APO EX DG [HSM]

Tokina AT-X AF SD 80-200mm F/2.8

Tokina AT-X Pro AF SD 80-200mm F/2.8 [IF] II

Vivitar Series 1 AF 70-210mm F/2.8 Apochromatic

Lenses with similar focal length range and speed

Sorted by manufacturer name

Sigma 70-200mm F/2.8 APO EX DG OS HSM ⌀77Pro 2010 Compare30
Sigma 70-200mm F/2.8 APO EX DG HSM II Macro ⌀77Pro 2007 Compare50
Sigma 70-200mm F/2.8 APO EX DG HSM Macro ⌀77Pro 2006 Compare50
Sigma 70-200mm F/2.8 APO EX DG [HSM] ⌀77Pro 2005 Compare41
Sigma 70-210mm F/2.8 APO ZEN [I] ⌀77Pro 1992 Compare33
Sigma 70-200mm F/2.8 APO EX [HSM] ⌀77Pro 1998 Compare31
Sigma 70-200mm F/2.8 DG OS HSM | S ⌀82Pro 2018 Compare62
Sigma 70-210mm F/2.8 APO ZEN [II] ⌀82Pro 1994 Compare34
Tamron SP AF 70-200mm F/2.8 Di LD [IF] Macro A001 ⌀77Pro 2007 Compare42
Tamron SP AF 70-210mm F/2.8 LD 67D ⌀77Pro 1992 Compare33
Tamron SP 70-200mm F/2.8 Di [VC] USD A009 ⌀77Pro 2012 Compare50
Tamron SP 70-200mm F/2.8 Di VC USD G2 A025 ⌀77Pro 2017 Compare80
Tokina AT-X Pro AF SD 80-200mm F/2.8 [IF] ⌀77Pro 1994 Compare13
Tokina AT-X AF SD 80-200mm F/2.8 ⌀77Pro 1991 Compare03
Tokina AT-X Pro AF SD 80-200mm F/2.8 [IF] II ⌀77Pro 2003 Compare23
Vivitar Series 1 AF 70-210mm F/2.8 Apochromatic ⌀82Pro 1994 Compare14
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35mm full frame

43.27 24 36
  • Dimensions: 36 × 24mm
  • Aspect ratio: 3:2
  • Diagonal: 43.27mm

Travellers' choice

Note

Among autofocus lenses designed for 35mm full-frame mirrorless cameras only. Speed of standard and telephoto lenses is taken into account.

Professional lens

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Image stabilizer

A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film.

The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.

Silent Wave Motor

Silent Wave Motor is available in variants with or without a gear system. Nikon never specifies which variant is used in a particular lens, however, in budget models, as a rule, gear-type Silent Wave Motor is used, without manual focus override in autofocus mode. This can be assumed by the presence of the A - M switch on the lens barrel, instead of M/A - M.

Focusing distance range limiter

The lens features focusing distance range limiter which allows to choose between the following focusing distance ranges:

FULLFull range of focusing distances.
2.5m - ∞Range of focusing distances suitable for shooting distant subjects.

By setting the suitable focusing distance range, the actual autofocusing time can be shorter.

M/A - M

M/AAutofocus mode that allows switching to manual focus with virtually no time lag - even during autofocus servo operation and regardless of autofocus mode in use.
MManual focus mode.

Aspherical elements

Aspherical elements (ASPH, XA, XGM) are used in wide-angle lenses for correction of distortion and in large-aperture lenses for correction of spherical aberration, astigmatism and coma, thus ensuring excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture. The effect of the aspherical element is determined by its position within the optical formula: the more the aspherical element moves away from the aperture stop, the more it influences distortion; close to the aperture stop it can be particularly used to correct spherical aberration. Aspherical element can substitute one or several regular spherical elements to achieve similar or better optical results, which allows to develop more compact and lightweight lenses.

Use of aspherical elements has its downsides: it leads to non-uniform rendering of out-of-focus highlights. This effect usually appears as "onion-like" texture of concentric rings or "wooly-like" texture and is caused by very slight defects in the surface of aspherical element. It is difficult to predict such effect, but usually it occurs when the highlights are small enough and far enough out of focus.

Low dispersion elements

Low dispersion elements (ED, LD, SD, UD etc) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture. This type of glass exhibits low refractive index, low dispersion, and exceptional partial dispersion characteristics compared to standard optical glass. Two lenses made of low dispersion glass offer almost the same performance as one fluorite lens.

Low dispersion elements

Low dispersion elements (ED, LD, SD, UD etc) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture. This type of glass exhibits low refractive index, low dispersion, and exceptional partial dispersion characteristics compared to standard optical glass. Two lenses made of low dispersion glass offer almost the same performance as one fluorite lens.

Canon's Super UD, Nikon's Super ED, Pentax' Super ED, Sigma's FLD ("F" Low Dispersion), Sony' Super ED and Tamron's XLD glasses are the highest level low dispersion glasses available with extremely high light transmission. These optical glasses have a performance equal to fluorite glass.

High-refraction low-dispersion elements

High-refraction low-dispersion elements (HLD) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture.

High Index, High Dispersion elements

High Index, High Dispersion elements (HID) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture.

Anomalous partial dispersion elements

Anomalous partial dispersion elements (AD) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture.

Fluorite elements

Synthetic fluorite elements (FL) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture. Compared with optical glass, fluorite lenses have a considerably lower refraction index, low dispersion and extraordinary partial dispersion, and high transmission of infrared and ultraviolet light. They are also significantly lighter than optical glass.

According to Nikon, fluorite easily cracks and is sensitive to temperature changes that can adversely affect focusing by altering the lens' refractive index. To avoid this, Canon, as the manufacturer most widely using fluorite in its telephoto lenses, never uses fluorite in the front and rear lens elements, and the white coating is applied to the lens barrels to reflect light and prevent the lens from overheating.

Short-wavelength refractive elements

High and specialized-dispersion elements (SR) refract light with wavelengths shorter than that of blue to achieve highly precise chromatic aberration compensation. This technology also results in smaller and lighter lenses.

Blue Spectrum Refractive Optics

Organic Blue Spectrum Refractive Optics material (BR Optics) placed between convex and concave elements made from conventional optical glass provides more efficient correction of longitudinal chromatic aberrations in comparison with conventional technology.

Diffraction elements

Diffraction elements (DO, PF) cancel chromatic aberrations at various wavelengths. This technology results in smaller and lighter lenses in comparison with traditional designs with no compromise in image quality.

High refractive index elements

High refractive index elements (HR, HRI, XR etc) minimize field curvature and spherical aberration. High refractive index element can substitute one or several regular elements to achieve similar or better optical results, which allows to develop more compact and lightweight lenses.

Apodization element

Apodization element (APD) is in fact a radial gradient filter. It practically does not change the characteristics of light beam passing through its central part but absorbs the light at the periphery. It sort of softens the edges of the aperture making the transition from foreground to background zone very smooth and results in very attractive, natural looking and silky smooth bokeh.

Original name

Lens name as indicated on the lens barrel (usually on the front ring). With lenses from film era, may vary slightly from batch to batch.

Format

Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.

35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.

APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.

Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).

Angle of view

Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.

As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.

A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).

This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),

where:

CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.

Mount

A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.

A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.

Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance can also be different.

The flange focal distance (FFD) is the distance from the mechanical rear end surface of the lens mount to the focal plane.

Lens construction

Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.

Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.

Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.

Focal length

The focal length is the factor that determines the size of the image reproduced on the focal plane, picture angle which covers the area of the subject to be photographed, depth of field, etc.

Speed

The largest opening or stop at which a lens can be used is referred to as the speed of the lens. The larger the maximum aperture is, the faster the lens is considered to be. Lenses that offer a large maximum aperture are commonly referred to as fast lenses, and lenses with smaller maximum aperture are regarded as slow.

In low-light situations, having a wider maximum aperture means that you can shoot at a faster shutter speed or work at a lower ISO, or both.

Closest focusing distance

The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.

Closest working distance

The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.

Magnification ratio

Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. For example, a magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size".

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Electronic manual focus override is performed in the following way: half-press the shutter button, wait until the camera has finished the autofocusing and then focus manually without releasing the shutter button using the focusing ring.

Electromagnetic diaphragm control system

Provides highly accurate diaphragm control and stable auto exposure performance during continuous shooting.

Fixed focus

There is no helicoid in this lens and everything is in focus from the closest focusing distance to infinity.

Overall linear extension

The entire lens optical system moves straight backward and forward when focusing is carried out. This is the simplest type of focusing used mainly in wide-angle and standard prime lenses. It has the advantage of introducing relatively little change in aberrations with respect to change in focusing distance. With telephoto and super telephoto lenses this method becomes less beneficial in terms of operability because of the increased size and weight of the lens system.

Front group linear extension

The rear group remains fixed and only the front group moves straight backward and forward during focusing. This method is primarily used in zoom lenses and allows to design comparatively simple lens construction, but also places restrictions on zoom magnification and size reduction.

Front group rotational extension

The lens barrel section holding the front lens group rotates to move the front group backward and forward during focusing. This method of focusing is also used only in zoom lenses.

Internal focusing (IF)

Focusing is performed by moving one or more lens groups positioned between the front lens group and the diaphragm.

Methods of internal and rear focusing have the following advantages:

Rear focusing (RF)

Focusing is performed by moving one or more lens groups positioned behind the diaphragm.

Methods of internal and rear focusing have the following advantages:

Manual diaphragm

The diaphragm must be stopped down manually by rotating the detent aperture ring.

Preset diaphragm

The lens has two rings, one is for pre-setting, while the other is for normal diaphragm adjustment. The first ring must be set at the desired aperture, the second ring then should be fully opened for focusing, and turned back for stop down to the pre-set value.

Semi-automatic diaphragm

The lens features spring mechanism in the diaphragm, triggered by the shutter release, which stops down the diaphragm to the pre-set value. The spring needs to be reset manually after each exposure to re-open diaphragm to its maximum value.

Automatic diaphragm

The camera automatically closes the diaphragm down during the shutter operation. On completion of the exposure, the diaphragm re-opens to its maximum value.

Fixed diaphragm

The aperture setting is fixed at F/2.8 on this lens, and cannot be adjusted.

Automatic aperture control

For Programmed Auto or Shutter-priority Auto shooting, lock the lens aperture at its minimum value.

Number of blades

As a general rule, the more blades that are used to create the aperture opening in the lens, the rounder the out-of-focus highlights will be.

Some lenses are designed with curved diaphragm blades, so the roundness of the aperture comes not from the number of blades, but from their shape. However, the fewer blades the diaphragm has, the more difficult it is to form a circle, regardless of rounded edges.

At maximum aperture, the opening will be circular regardless of the number of blades.

Weight

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

Maximum diameter x Length

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.

Weather sealing

A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.

Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.

Fluorine coating

Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front and/or rear lens elements over multi-coatings.

Filters

Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.

Lens hood

A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.

The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.

Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.

Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.

Teleconverters

Teleconverters increase the effective focal length of lenses. They also usually maintain the closest focusing distance of lenses, thus increasing the magnification significantly. A lens combined with a teleconverter is normally smaller, lighter and cheaper than a "direct" telephoto lens of the same focal length and speed.

Teleconverters are a convenient way of enhancing telephoto capability, but it comes at a cost − reduced maximum aperture. Also, since teleconverters magnify every detail in the image, they logically also magnify residual aberrations of the lens.

Lens caps

Scratched lens surfaces can spoil the definition and contrast of even the finest lenses. Lens covers are the best and most inexpensive protection available against dust, moisture and abrasion. Safeguard lens elements - both front and rear - whenever the lens is not in use.

Rotary zoom

The change of focal length is achieved by turning the zoom ring and the manual focusing - by turning the separate focusing ring.

Push/pull zooming allows for faster change of focal length, however conventional method based on the rotation of the zoom ring provides more accurate and smooth zooming.

Push/pull zoom

The change of focal length happens when the photographer moves the ring towards the mount or backwards.

Push/pull zooming allows for faster change of focal length, however conventional method based on the rotation of the zoom ring provides more accurate and smooth zooming.

Zoom lock

The lens features a zoom lock to keep the zoom ring fixed. This function is convenient for carrying a camera with the lens on a strap because it prevents the lens from extending.

Zoom clutch

To set the manual zoom mode, pull the zoom ring towards the camera side until the words "POWER ZOOM" disappear.

The Holy Trinity of lenses

The Holy Trinity of lenses refers to a three-lens set that covers a focal length range from the ultra-wide focal length of 14-16mm all the way long to the telephoto focal length of 200mm. The set typically consists of a 16-35mm ultra-wide angle zoom lens, a 24-70mm standard zoom lens and a 70-200mm telephoto zoom lens and usually represents the best constant-aperture zoom lenses in a manufacturer's lineup. The set is designed to cover almost every genre of photography, be it landscapes, architecture, portraits, weddings, sports, travel or even wildlife (with teleconverter). However, it is also expensive, large and heavy.