|■Leitz Wetzlar ELMAR-R 180mm F/4||A||5 - 4||1.8m||E55||1976 ●|
|Leitz Wetzlar ELMAR-R 180mm F/4 Safari (4900 units)||1977 ●|
■ Production details
|Production status:||● Discontinued|
|Original name:||LEITZ WETZLAR ELMAR-R 1:4/180|
|LEITZ ELMAR-R 1:4/180|
|System:||Leica R (1964)|
■ Optical design
|Maximum format:||35mm full frame|
|Mount and Flange focal distance:||Leica R [47mm]|
|Diagonal angle of view:||13.7°|
|Lens construction:||5 elements in 4 groups|
■ Diaphragm mechanism
|Aperture control:||<No data>|
|Number of blades:||8 (eight)|
|Closest focusing distance:||1.8m|
|Maximum magnification:||1:7 at the closest focusing distance|
|Focusing modes:||Manual focus only|
|Manual focus control:||Focusing ring|
■ Physical characteristics
|Maximum diameter x Length:||⌀65.5×100mm|
|Lens hood:||Built-in telescopic round|
|Lens caps:||14089 (front)|
|Teleconverters:||Leica APO-Extender-R 2X → 360mm F/8|
|Leitz / Leitz Wetzlar Extender-R 2x → 360mm F/8|
■ Sources of data
|1. Lenses for the LEICA R system booklet (PUB. 111-133).|
|2. Handbook of the LEICA system (PUB. 100-021) (May 1987).|
|3. Electronic-Leica R3 booklet (PUB. 121.111-104) (November 1977).|
|4. Leica R4-MOT booklet (PUB. 121.111-136) (August 1980).|
|5. Handbook of the LEICA system (September 1995).|
|6. General Catalogue (July 1977).|
|7. Leica Catalogue (January 1979).|
The special advantages of this lens are its extremely light weight of 540 g and its compact design. It is only 8 mm longer and a noticeable 125 g lighter than the 135 mm Elmarit-R f/2.8. The 180 mm Elmar-R f/4 as a travelling lens is downright ideal for those who are mobile or travel often, appreciate a small volume and light weight, but nevertheless do not want to be without a longer-focal-length lens. The minimum focusing distance of 1.8 m as well as the possibility of using Elpro near-focusing atatchments is very useful for close-up views. The Elpro attachments make available reproduction scales continuously down to 1:2.
When compared with the faster 180 mm Elmarit-R f/2.8 this lens shows that Leitz have not compromised with a reduced optical performance, such as contrast and detail rendering as well as flatness of field. In the distant range (INFINITY - 3m) this excellent performance is maintained even at full aperture. Stopping down to about f/5.6 - f/8 slightly improves performance only below 3 m focusing range.
This very happy new addition to the LEITZ telephoto range is for the photographer who wants to travel light and carry a long reach. Just under 4 inches short (100mm) this little giant weighs only a few feathers more than 20 oz. (570 g.), and still carries its own integral telescoping lenshood (as do all of our tele lenses). Its correction has been designed to match that of the 180mm ELMARIT-R f/2.8 which is another way of saying that this is a very sharp telephoto lens. And its f/4 aperture is entirely adequate for most outdoors pictures, and a lot of indoor situations too. In addition, the 180mm ELMAR-R can be used with ELPRO attachments in the close-up ranges - with ELPRO No. 3 to 1:2. If you've been wondering whether it isn't possible to produce smaller tele-lenses, and why this hasn't been done, it is, and we have. Put the little 180mm ELMAR-R aboard a LEICA R3 and enjoy photography again!
Photographers who favor light weight and do not require high speed chose the ELMAR-R 1:4/180mm. It is comparable in its performance to the ELMARIT-R 1:2.8/180mm. As would be expected of all Leitz telephoto lenses, the ELMAR-R 1:4/180mm shows optimum performance at all distances. The close focusing range is relatively wide. The ratio of reproduction at the closest focusing distance of 1.8m even surpasses the standard 50mm lens at its closest focusing range. The focusing range may be extended with the near focusing lenses ELPRO 3 and 4 up to a ratio of 1:2 (lens to subject distances 63cm) with high resolution. Color rendition is superior within the entire spectral range. Only 100mm long, this lens may be carried in every camera bag and weighs only 540 grams.
For photographers who prefer compactness and less bulk where lens speed is not an important criterion, LEITZ now offers the compact 180mm ELMAR-R f/4, for the LEICA R-3 and all other LEICAFLEX models.
The 180mm ELMAR-R gives its best performance at distances of more than 3 meters and matches the 180mm Elmarit-R optical performance.
The new lens focuses very close - the magnification at the closest - 1.8 meter (6 feet) distances is slightly greater than that of the standard 50mm lens at its closest focusing distance. You can focus still closer by using the new ELPRO 3 and 4 close-up lenses.
With ELPRO 4, the magnification ratio of 1:3.3 is available at the reduced closest focusing distance of 93cm, while with ELPRO 3, the maximum magnification ratio is 1:2, and the closest focusing distance reduced to 63cm.
Slow full-frame medium telephoto prime lens
Genres or subjects of photography (4):
Portraits • Distant subjects • Distant landscapes with perspective compression effect • Travel photography
Adaptation to digital SLR cameras:
Canon EOS SLRs • Sigma SD SLRs • Sony SLRs/SLTs • Pentax SLRs • Nikon SLRs • More information
In order to adapt the lens, the flange focal distance (FFD) of the lens mount must be equal to or greater than the FFD of the camera mount. This lens has the Leica R mount with a FFD of 47mm. This is even shorter than the FFD of Canon EOS digital SLR cameras, which have the shortest FFD of 44mm of any modern digital SLR cameras. Therefore, this lens cannot be adapted to any digital SLR camera.
Recommended slowest shutter speed when shooting static subjects handheld:
1/200th of a second
Sorted by focal length and speed, in ascending order
|Leitz Wetzlar ELMARIT-R 135mm F/2.8 [I]||A||5 - 4||1.5m||S.VII||1964 ●|
|Leitz Canada / Leica ELMARIT-R 135mm F/2.8 [II]||A||5 - 4||1.5m||1968 ●|
|Leitz Canada / Leica APO-TELYT-R 180mm F/3.4||A||7 - 4||2.5m||1975 ●|
|Leitz Wetzlar / Leitz Canada ELMARIT-R 180mm F/2.8 [I]||A||5 - 4||2m||S.VIII||1966 ●|
|Leitz Wetzlar ELMARIT-R 180mm F/2.8 [II]||A||5 - 4||1.8m||E67||1980 ●|
|Leitz Canada / Leica APO-ELMARIT-R 180mm F/2.8||A||7 - 5||1.5m||E67||1998 ●|
|Leica APO-SUMMICRON-R 180mm F/2||A||9 - 6||1.5m||E100||1994 ●|
|Leitz Wetzlar / Leitz Canada TELYT-R 250mm F/4 [I]||A||6 - 5||4.5m||S.VIII||1970 ●|
|Leitz Wetzlar / Leitz Canada TELYT-R 250mm F/4 [II]||A||7 - 6||1.7m||E67||1980 ●|
|Leica APO-TELYT-R 280mm F/4||A||7 - 6||1.7m||E77||1994 ●|
|Leitz / Leica APO-TELYT-R 280mm F/2.8||A||8 - 7||2.5m||E112||1984 ●|
|Leica APO-TELYT-R 280mm F/2.8 Module System||A||8 - 7||2m||--||1996 ●|
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Replacement lens cap for FISHEYE-ELMARIT-R 16mm f/2.8, ELMARIT-R 90mm f/2.8 [I] (M54 x 0.75), MACRO-ELMAR 100mm f/4 (M54 x 0.75), ELMARIT-R 135mm f/2.8 [I], ELMARIT-R 135mm f/2.8 [II] (E55), ELMAR-R 180mm f/4, APO-TELYT-R 180mm f/3.4 (S. 7.5).
Replacement lens cap, black finish, for Leica E55 lenses.
Replacement rear cover for Leica R-mount lenses except 21mm.
You are already on the page dedicated to this lens.
Cannot compare the lens to itself.
A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film.
The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.
Lens name as indicated on the lens barrel (usually on the front ring). With lenses from film era, may vary slightly from batch to batch.
Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.
35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.
APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.
Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).
Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.
As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.
A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).
This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),
CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.
A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.
A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.
Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance can also be different.
The flange focal distance (FFD) is the distance from the mechanical rear end surface of the lens mount to the focal plane.
Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.
Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.
Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.
The focal length is the factor that determines the size of the image reproduced on the focal plane, picture angle which covers the area of the subject to be photographed, depth of field, etc.
The largest opening or stop at which a lens can be used is referred to as the speed of the lens. The larger the maximum aperture is, the faster the lens is considered to be. Lenses that offer a large maximum aperture are commonly referred to as fast lenses, and lenses with smaller maximum aperture are regarded as slow.
In low-light situations, having a wider maximum aperture means that you can shoot at a faster shutter speed or work at a lower ISO, or both.
The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.
The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.
Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. For example, a magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size".
The diaphragm must be stopped down manually by rotating the detent aperture ring.
The lens has two rings, one is for pre-setting, while the other is for normal diaphragm adjustment. The first ring must be set at the desired aperture, the second ring then should be fully opened for focusing, and turned back for stop down to the pre-set value.
The lens features spring mechanism in the diaphragm, triggered by the shutter release, which stops down the diaphragm to the pre-set value. The spring needs to be reset manually after each exposure to re-open diaphragm to its maximum value.
The camera automatically closes the diaphragm down during the shutter operation. On completion of the exposure, the diaphragm re-opens to its maximum value.
The aperture setting is fixed at F/4 on this lens, and cannot be adjusted.
As a general rule, the more blades that are used to create the aperture opening in the lens, the rounder the out-of-focus highlights will be.
Some lenses are designed with curved diaphragm blades, so the roundness of the aperture comes not from the number of blades, but from their shape. However, the fewer blades the diaphragm has, the more difficult it is to form a circle, regardless of rounded edges.
At maximum aperture, the opening will be circular regardless of the number of blades.
Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).
Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).
For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.
A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.
Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.
Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front and/or rear lens elements over multi-coatings.
Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.
A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.
The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.
Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.
Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.
Teleconverters increase the effective focal length of lenses. They also usually maintain the closest focusing distance of lenses, thus increasing the magnification significantly. A lens combined with a teleconverter is normally smaller, lighter and cheaper than a "direct" telephoto lens of the same focal length and speed.
Teleconverters are a convenient way of enhancing telephoto capability, but it comes at a cost − reduced maximum aperture. Also, since teleconverters magnify every detail in the image, they logically also magnify residual aberrations of the lens.
Scratched lens surfaces can spoil the definition and contrast of even the finest lenses. Lens covers are the best and most inexpensive protection available against dust, moisture and abrasion. Safeguard lens elements - both front and rear - whenever the lens is not in use.