Canon EF 35mm F/2

Wide-angle prime lens • Announced in October 1990 • Film era • Discontinued

EF The lens is designed for Canon EOS 35mm SLR cameras but can be also used on Canon EOS APS-C digital SLR cameras.

Model history

Canon EF 35mm F/2 IS USMA10 - 80.24mE67 2012 
Canon EF 35mm F/2A7 - 50.25mE52 1990 
Canon FDn 35mm F/2A10 - 80.3mE52 1979 
Canon FD 35mm F/2 S.S.C. (II)A9 - 80.3mE55 1976 
Canon FD 35mm F/2 S.S.C. (I)A9 - 80.3mE55 1973 
Canon FD 35mm F/2A9 - 80.3mE55 1971 

Sample photos

F/5.6
F/5
F/6.7
F/5
F/5
F/2
F/2
F/2

Canon EOS 650

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced: Mar 1987
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 148x108x68mm
Weight: 660g

Canon EOS 620

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced: May 1987
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 148x108x68mm
Weight: 700g

Canon EOS 750 QD

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced: Oct 1988
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 2 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Dimensions: 149x102x71mm
Weight: 620g

Canon EOS 850

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced: Oct 1988
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 2 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Dimensions: 149x97x70mm
Weight: 560g

Canon EOS 630

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS 600
Announced: Apr 1989
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 148x108x68mm
Weight: 670g

Canon EOS-1

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced: Sep 1989
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 161x107x72mm
Weight: 890g

Canon EOS RT

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced: Oct 1989
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 148x108x68mm
Weight: 660g

Canon EOS 10 S

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS 10
Canon EOS 10 QD
Announced: Mar 1990
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 158x106x70mm
Weight: 625g

Canon EOS 700

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS 700 QD
Announced: Mar 1990
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 2 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Dimensions: 149x102x71mm
Weight: 615g

Canon EOS ELAN

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS 100
Canon EOS 100 QD
Canon EOS 100 panorama
Announced: Aug 1991
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 154x105x69mm
Weight: 580g

Canon EOS Rebel S II QD

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS 1000 F N QD
Canon EOS 1000 S QD
Announced: Mar 1992
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 148x100x69mm
Weight: 470g

Canon EOS A2

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS A2E
Canon EOS 5
Canon EOS 5 QD
Announced: Nov 1992
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 154x121x74mm
Weight: 675g

Canon EOS Rebel XS

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS 500
Canon EOS Kiss
Announced: Sep 1993
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 145x92x62mm
Weight: 370g

Canon EOS Rebel X

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced: Nov 1993
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 145x92x70mm
Weight: 315g

Canon EOS-1N

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced: Nov 1994
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 161x112x72mm
Weight: 855g

Canon EOS-1N RS

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced: Mar 1995
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 161x160x78mm
Weight: 1295g

Canon EOS ELAN II

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS ELAN IIE
Canon EOS 50
Canon EOS 50E
Canon EOS 55
Announced: Sep 1995
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 153x105x71mm
Weight: 595g

Canon EOS Rebel G

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS 500N
Canon New EOS Kiss
Announced: Sep 1996
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 146x92x62mm
Weight: 400g

Canon EOS IX

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS IX E
Announced: Oct 1996
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 132x80x59mm
Weight: 485g

Canon EOS IX Lite

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS IX 7
Canon EOS IX 50
Announced: Mar 1998
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 123x80x64mm
Weight: 360g

Canon EOS-3

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced: Nov 1998
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 161x119.2x70.8mm
Weight: 780g

Canon EOS Rebel 2000

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS 300
Canon EOS Kiss III
Announced: Apr 1999
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 140x90x58.5mm
Weight: 335g

Canon EOS-1V

35mm AF film SLR camera

Announced: Mar 2000
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/8000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 161x120.8x70.8mm
Weight: 945g

Canon EOS ELAN 7E

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS ELAN 7
Canon EOS 30
Canon EOS 33
Canon EOS 7
Announced: Oct 2000
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 146.7x103x69mm
Weight: 580g

Canon EOS Rebel XS N DATE

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS 3000N
Canon EOS 66
Announced: Feb 2002
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 145x92x61.9mm
Weight: 365g

Canon EOS Rebel Ti

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS 300V
Canon EOS Kiss 5
Announced: Sep 2002
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 130x88x64mm
Weight: 365g

Canon EOS Rebel K2

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS 3000V
Canon EOS Kiss Lite
Announced: Sep 2003
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/2000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 130x88x64mm
Weight: 365g

Canon EOS ELAN 7NE

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS ELAN 7N
Canon EOS 30V
Canon EOS 33V
Canon EOS 7s
Announced: Apr 2004
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 146.7x103x69mm
Weight: 580g

Canon EOS Rebel T2

35mm AF film SLR camera

Also known as: Canon EOS 300X
Canon EOS Kiss 7
Announced: Sep 2004
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Shutter type: Focal-plane
Shutter model: Electronically controlled
Speeds: 30 - 1/4000 + B
Exposure metering: Through-the-lens (TTL)
Exposure modes: Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Manual
Dimensions: 130x90x64mm
Weight: 365g

Canon EOS 1Ds

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Sep 2002
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 35.8 × 23.8mm
Resolution: 4064 × 2704 - 11 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 1Ds mark II

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Sep 2004
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 4992 × 3328 - 17 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 5D

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Aug 2005
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 35.8 × 23.9mm
Resolution: 4368 × 2912 - 13 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 1Ds mark III

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Aug 2007
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 5616 × 3744 - 21 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 5D mark II

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Sep 2008
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 5616 × 3744 - 21 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 1D X

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Oct 2011
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 5184 × 3456 - 18 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 5D mark III

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Mar 2012
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 5760 × 3840 - 22 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 6D

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Sep 2012
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 35.8 × 23.9mm
Resolution: 5472 × 3648 - 20 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 5Ds

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Feb 2015
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 8688 × 5792 - 50 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 5Ds R

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Feb 2015
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 8688 × 5792 - 50 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 1D X Mark II

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Feb 2016
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 5472 × 3648 - 20 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 5D mark IV

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Aug 2016
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 6720 × 4480 - 30 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 6D Mark II

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Jun 2017
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 35.9 × 24mm
Resolution: 6240 × 4160 - 26 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS 1D X Mark III

35mm AF digital SLR camera

Announced: Jan 2020
Mount: Canon EF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 5472 × 3648 - 20 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Features highlight

Compact

Specification

Original name: CANON LENS EF 35mm 1:2
Optical design
Maximum format: 35mm full frame
Diagonal angle of view: 63.4° (35mm full frame)
52.2° (Canon EF APS-H)
Lens construction: 7 elements - 5 groups
Mechanical design
Mount: Canon EF
Diaphragm mechanism
Diaphragm control system: Electromagnetic
Number of blades: 5
Focusing
Closest focusing distance: 0.25m
Maximum magnification ratio: 1:4.35 at the closest focusing distance
Focusing method: Overall linear extension
Focusing modes: Autofocus, manual focus
Manual focus control: Focusing ring
Autofocus motor: Arc-Form Drive
Focus mode selector: AF/MF
Full-Time Manual Focus (FTM): -
Image stabilizer
Image Stabilizer (IS): -
Physical characteristics
Weight: 210g
Maximum diameter x Length: Ø67×43mm
Weather sealing: -
Fluorine coating: -
Accessories
Filters: Screw-type 52mm
Lens hood: Snap-on EW-65II (round)

Manufacturer description

The simple 7-elements, 5-groups lens construction utilising a short zoom lens design method achieves a brightness of f/2 in a lightweight and compact design. This efficient lens construction combines with a multi-layer coating treatment to achieve very clear imaging performance with virtually no ghosting or flare. The minimum focusing distance is 0.25m/0.8ft. – the shortest in its class – making it possible to take close-ups at a magnification of 0.23x, despite the wide angle of the lens.

From the editor

One of the first lenses for the Canon EOS system (please refer to the article dedicated to the Canon EF 50mm F/1.8 lens for more information on family of Canon’s lenses introduced in 1987-1990).

The lens was a popular choice as a “standard” prime lens on APS-C digital SLR cameras until the moment when optically very good Sigma 30mm F/1.4 EX DС HSM lens (2005) became the default option for this purpose.

Typical application

landscapes, interiors, buildings, cityscapes, full to mid-body portraits, street, travel

Lenses with similar focal length

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Best wide-angle prime lenses

The higher a lens is on the list, the better it is in its class

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35mm full frame

43.27 24 36
  • Dimensions: 36 × 24mm
  • Aspect ratio: 3:2
  • Diagonal: 43.27mm

Travellers' choice

Note

Among autofocus lenses designed for 35mm full-frame mirrorless cameras only. Speed of standard and telephoto lenses is taken into account.

One of the best wide-angle prime lenses

According to lens-db.com; among lenses designed for the same maximum format and mount.

Unable to follow the link

You are already on the page dedicated to this lens.

Cannot perform comparison

Cannot compare the lens to itself.

Quality control issues

The manufacturer of this lens does not provide adequate quality control. If you do decide to purchase this lens, do not order it online, but choose the best copy available in the store. In any case, there may also be problems with the build quality, and warranty repairs can take months.

Model produced in a small batch. It is collectible and can only be found on the secondary market.

Image stabilizer

A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film. The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.

Classic focal length

35mm is the classic focal length of moderate wide-angle lenses for 35mm full-frame cameras. Lenses with this focal length are often used as standard lenses, since they allow you to shoot almost the same wide range of scenes as lenses with focal lengths of 50-55mm, while providing a wider field of view. This is facilitated by the high speed, which is often not inferior to standard 50-55mm lenses, as well as, as a rule, compact size and low weight (at least for lenses intended for amateur photographers). In addition, lenses of this class have recently been equipped with optical image stabilization, making them a good choice for casual and travel photography. For comparison: almost all lenses with focal lengths of 50-55mm currently do not have an image stabilizer, although due to the need to use faster shutter speeds at these focal lengths, its presence in lenses of this class would be more justified than in the class of moderate wide-angle lenses.

The background blur provided by moderate wide-angle lenses is not as smooth and pleasing to the eye as with standard 50-55mm lenses, therefore, in the genre of portrait photography, they are usually used only for group portraits.

Arc-Form Drive

AF/MF

AFAutofocus mode.
MFManual focus mode.

Format

Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.

35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.

APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.

Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).

Angle of view

Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.

As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.

A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).

This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),

where:

CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.

Mount

A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.

A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.

Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance from the lens mount to the film or sensor can also be different.

Lens construction

Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.

Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.

Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.

Closest focusing distance

The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.

Closest working distance

The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.

Magnification ratio

Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. A magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size". A lens is not considered to be "true" macro unless it can achieve at least life-size magnification.

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Electronic manual focus override is performed in the following way: half-press the shutter button, wait until the camera has finished the autofocusing and then focus manually without releasing the shutter button using the focusing ring.

Electromagnetic diaphragm control system

Provides highly accurate diaphragm control and stable auto exposure performance during continuous shooting.

Convex protruding front element

The convex front element protrudes from the lens barrel, making it impossible to use filters.

Fixed focus

There is no helicoid in this lens and everything is in focus from the closest focusing distance to infinity.

Overall linear extension

The entire lens optical system moves straight backward and forward when focusing is carried out. This is the simplest type of focusing used mainly in wide-angle and standard prime lenses. It has the advantage of introducing relatively little change in aberrations with respect to change in focusing distance. With telephoto and super telephoto lenses this method becomes less beneficial in terms of operability because of the increased size and weight of the lens system.

Front group linear extension

The rear group remains fixed and only the front group moves straight backward and forward during focusing. This method is primarily used in zoom lenses and allows to design comparatively simple lens construction, but also places restrictions on zoom magnification and size reduction.

Front group rotational extension

The lens barrel section holding the front lens group rotates to move the front group backward and forward during focusing. This method of focusing is also used only in zoom lenses.

Internal focusing (IF)

Focusing is performed by moving one or more lens groups positioned between the front lens group and the diaphragm.

Methods of internal and rear focusing have the following advantages:

Rear focusing (RF)

Focusing is performed by moving one or more lens groups positioned behind the diaphragm.

Methods of internal and rear focusing have the following advantages:

Weight

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

Maximum diameter x Length

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.

Weather sealing

A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.

Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.

Fluorine coating

Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front and/or rear lens elements over multi-coatings.

Filters

Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.

Lens hood

A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.

The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.

Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.

Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.