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Leica system

Leica I (Model A)

35mm MF film viewfinder camera

Specification

Production details
Announced:1925
Order No.:LEICA
LEFFA
LESSA
LEONA
LEONI
LEANE
LETTO
LENEL
LEANEKALB
LEKAL
LEPOK
System:-
Rangefinder and Viewfinder
Rangefinder:Accessory (HFOOK)
Viewfinder:Built-in
Parallax compensation:-
Imaging plane
Maximum format:35mm full frame
Imaging plane:36 × 24mm film
Shutter
Type:Focal-plane
Model:Mechanical
Exposure
Exposure metering:None
Exposure modes:Manual
Physical characteristics
Weight:475g
Dimensions:132x55x30mm

Manufacturer description #1

LEITZ "BARNACK"-KAMERA

DIE IDEAL-KAMERA FÜR DEN AMATEUR, REPORTER, TOURISTEN, FORSCHUNGSREISENDEN

Hauptvorzüge:

Äußerste Handlichkeit, Schnellste Aufnahmebereitschaft, Herrvorrangende Lichtstärke (1:3.5), Außerordentliche Bildschärfe, fur beträchtliche Vergrößerung geeignet, Vorzüglicher Schlitzverschluß, 40 Aufnahmen auf einer Kinofilmspule, Geringster Materialverbrauch, Erstklassige Ausführung.

Außere Größe: 13,2x5,5x3 cm

Gewicht mit gefüllter Kassette für Aufnahmen: 475 g

Bildformat (zur Vergrößerung): 24x36 mm.

Die "BARNACK" kamera ist die kleinste Schlitzverschluß-Kamera und bietet neue praktische und künstlerische Möglichkeiten.

ERNST LEITZ OPTISCHE WERKE WETZLAR

Manufacturer description #2

This apparatus is a camera with focal plane shutter equipped with a rapid Leitz 'Elmax' anastigmatic lens F/3.5 of 50 mm focus. The picture measures 36x24 mm. The camera takes cinematograph films of standard size. The latter is contained in a roll film chamber of special design. As the shutter is wound the film coils automatically past the film window upon a receiving bobbin, the amount taken up by the latter being every time exactly equal to the width of a picture. When the film is exhausted it is spooled back into the film cartridge chamber with the aid of a spool reversing knob. The full length of film which the cartridge will take is 1.60 metre (64 inches) and suffices for thirtysix exposures. Films of any shorter length may, however, be put in.

Manufacturer description #3

Model A Leica Camera is the first model of the Leica camera. No rangefinder. Has one top shutter speed dial with speeds from 1/20 to 1/500 sec. and Z (Bulb). The lens cannot be unscrewed. There is a flat nickel plated spring at the left hand side, in front of the camera, which locks the lens at infinity. Most Model A Leica cameras have 50 mm f/3.5 Elmar lenses; a few have 50 mm f/2.5 Hektor lenses. These lenses cannot be removed from the camera and are therefore not interchangeable.

Manufacturer description #4

First basic LEICA model, black enamelled, non-interchangeable 50 mm ELMAR f/3.5 lens, with locking spring for the infinity position, slip-on rangefinder, focal plane shutter 1/20 to 1/500 sec. and time exposure.

From the editor

First production Leica. There are many variations of this model. Standard covering was black vulcanite but examples with other types of leather covering are known.

  • Fixed (non-interchangeable) lens in collapsible mount with helical focusing:
    • 1925: ANASTIGMAT 1:3,5 F=50mm (5-element) on first 144 (approx.) cameras;
    • 1925: ELMAX 1:3,5 F=50mm (identical to ANASTIGMAT) on next 713 (approx.) cameras;
    • 1926-1932: ELMAR 1:3,5 F=50mm (4-element). Some lenses could be focused down to 1 1/2 ft instead of the usual 3 ft or 1m;
    • 1930-32: HEKTOR 1:2,5 F=50mm in limited numbers.
  • "Hockey-stick" infinity lock;
  • Shutter speeds:
    • On first 500 cameras: 1/25, 1/40, 1/60, 1/100, 1/200, 1/500, Z;
    • On cameras from No. 626: 1/20, 1/30, 1/40, 1/60, 1/100, 1/200, 1/500, Z.
  • Tubular viewfinder of the inverted Galilean telescope type.

About 65,153 units were made from 1925 to 1936.

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35mm full frame

43.27 24 36
  • Dimensions: 36 × 24mm
  • Aspect ratio: 3:2
  • Diagonal: 43.27mm

Travellers' choice

Note

Among autofocus lenses designed for 35mm full-frame mirrorless cameras only. Speed of standard and telephoto lenses is taken into account.

One of the best

According to lens-db.com; among lenses designed for the same maximum format and mount.

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Cannot compare the lens to itself.

Unique Leica Look

Leica lenses are one-of-a-kind optical masterpieces that are impressive because of their unique Leica Look. This is ensured through exceptional optical design combined with selected materials and the highest quality standards.

Leica lenses reveal their full potential only when mounted on Leica cameras, since only these have sensors precisely matched to their optical characteristics.

Image stabilizer

A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film.

The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.

HFOOK

FOKOS with clip and shoe (turret clip) for LEICA Models A, B, C.

Original name

Lens name as indicated on the lens barrel (usually on the front ring). With lenses from film era, may vary slightly from batch to batch.

Format

Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.

35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.

APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.

Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).

Angle of view

Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.

As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.

A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).

This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),

where:

CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.

Mount

A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.

A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.

Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance can also be different.

The flange focal distance (FFD) is the distance from the mechanical rear end surface of the lens mount to the focal plane.

Lens construction

Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.

Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.

Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.

Focal length

The focal length is the factor that determines the size of the image reproduced on the focal plane, picture angle which covers the area of the subject to be photographed, depth of field, etc.

Speed

The largest opening or stop at which a lens can be used is referred to as the speed of the lens. The larger the maximum aperture is, the faster the lens is considered to be. Lenses that offer a large maximum aperture are commonly referred to as fast lenses, and lenses with smaller maximum aperture are regarded as slow.

In low-light situations, having a wider maximum aperture means that you can shoot at a faster shutter speed or work at a lower ISO, or both.

Closest focusing distance

The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.

Closest working distance

The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.

Magnification ratio

Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. For example, a magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size".

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Electronic manual focus override is performed in the following way: half-press the shutter button, wait until the camera has finished the autofocusing and then focus manually without releasing the shutter button using the focusing ring.

Electromagnetic diaphragm control system

Provides highly accurate diaphragm control and stable auto exposure performance during continuous shooting.

Number of blades

As a general rule, the more blades that are used to create the aperture opening in the lens, the rounder the out-of-focus highlights will be.

Some lenses are designed with curved diaphragm blades, so the roundness of the aperture comes not from the number of blades, but from their shape. However, the fewer blades the diaphragm has, the more difficult it is to form a circle, regardless of rounded edges.

At maximum aperture, the opening will be circular regardless of the number of blades.

Weight

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

Maximum diameter x Length

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.

Weather sealing

A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.

Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.

Fluorine coating

Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front and/or rear lens elements over multi-coatings.

Filters

Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.

Lens hood

A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.

The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.

Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.

Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.

Teleconverters

Teleconverters increase the effective focal length of lenses. They also usually maintain the closest focusing distance of lenses, thus increasing the magnification significantly. A lens combined with a teleconverter is normally smaller, lighter and cheaper than a "direct" telephoto lens of the same focal length and speed.

Teleconverters are a convenient way of enhancing telephoto capability, but it comes at a cost − reduced maximum aperture. Also, since teleconverters magnify every detail in the image, they logically also magnify residual aberrations of the lens.

Lens caps

Scratched lens surfaces can spoil the definition and contrast of even the finest lenses. Lens covers are the best and most inexpensive protection available against dust, moisture and abrasion. Safeguard lens elements - both front and rear - whenever the lens is not in use.