Fujica AX-5

35mm MF film SLR camera


Production details
System: Fujica X (1979)
Imaging plane
Maximum format:35mm full frame
Mount and Flange focal distance:Fujica X [43.5mm]
Imaging plane:36 × 24mm film
Model:Electronically controlled
Speeds:2 - 1/1000 + B
Exposure metering:Through-the-lens (TTL), open-aperture
Exposure modes:Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Physical characteristics

Manufacturer description

Quick-switchover multi-mode exposure (shutter-preferred, aperture-preferred, programmed, stopped-down, and flash automatic exposure plus manual).

Control-center viewfinder with 23 LEDs to indicate shutter speeds and apertures plus exposure-mode indicator for making exposure settings while watching your subject through the viewfinder.

Soft-touch electromagnetic shutter release; auto film winding and continuous shooting at 2 fps with optional Fujica Auto Winder X.

A wide assortment of "system accessories" including the unique Fujica Auto Strobo 300X, Fujica Auto Strobo AZ, and Fujica Photo Recorser for printing data on the film, expands your picture-taking scope well beyond present horizons.

Provision for expanded-scope photography with optional "system accessories" including Fujica Auto Strobo 300X, Fujica Auto Strobo AZ, and Fujica Photo Recorser (data back).

Fujica X "short turn" (65 deg.) lens mount permits quick lens changing and accepts the entire line of new X-Fujinon interchangeable lenses from wideangle to telephoto as well as other lenses to take full advantage of the SLR system.


Description: Automatic 35mm SLR with focal plane shutter.

Exposure Modes: Shutter-preferred, aperture-preferred, programmed automatic exposure; manual exposure.

Picture Size: 24x36 mm

Interchangeable Lenses: X-Fujinon DM lenses (capable of 3-mode automatic exposure); X-Fujinon lenses (limited to aperture-preferred automatic exposure); Fujinon lenses (mounted with Mount Adapter X-D or X-S and capable of automatic exposure).

Standard Lens: EBC X-Fujinon 1:1.6 f=55mm DM, 4-component, 5-element. X-Fujinon Z 1:3.5-4.5 f=43-75mm DM, 7-component, 7-element.

Lens Mount: Fujica X Mount (bayonet mount); 65 deg. turn; 43.5 mm flange back.

Viewfinder: Silvered pentaprism eye-level type.

Finder Field of View: 92% vertically and horizontally.

Finder Magnification: 0.98x (with 55 mm lens set to infinity).

Finder Dioptry: -1.1 diopters.

Focusing: Three-way (split-image, microprism, ground-glass screen).

Viewfinder Information: LED exposure mode indicator, shutter speed scale, aperture scale, over and underexposure warning, battery check signal.

Finder Information Reading: By turning on the main switch and pressing the shutter release halfway down or the meter button all the way down.

Finder Eyepiece Construction: Built for attaching rightangle finder, eyesight correction lenses, and eyecup.

Mirror: Coated, quick-return type.

Eyepiece shutter: Built-in to prevent entrance of unwanted light.

Automatic Exposure Control: Three-magnet electronic control interlocked with shutter speed and aperture selectors.

Light Metering: Silicon photocells, center-weighted averaging system.

Light Metering Range: ASA 100: EV 0 - 19 (F1.4 2 sec. - F22 1/1000 sec.).

Film Speed Setting: ASA 12-3200, 1/3 step, provision for locking.

Exposure Compensation: +/- 1 stop by means of camera's fractional exposure control (film speed selector).

Exposure Memory (AE Lock): The meter reading can be locked when the shutter speed selector is set to AEL by pressing the shutter release halfway down and holding it there.

Depth of Field Preview: Pushbutton.

Manual Exposure: By setting both the shutter speed and aperture manually and making adjustments by checking the settings against the LED aperture indicator in the viewfinder.

Shutter: Cloth focal plane; electronically controlled from 2 seconds to 1/1000 second in 1/4 steps (digital control); oilless metal.

Shutter Speed Selector Settings: B, AEL, AE, 2S, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000.

Power Source: 6 V silver-oxide battery (JIS-4G13, Eveready 544, Mallory PX28) or alkaline manganese battery (Eveready 537); battery will last 6 months under normal use.

Battery Check Signal: Blinking of a red LED in the viewfinder opposite the letter "B" on the shutter speed scale.

Main Switch: On/Off switch located on the camera top; also serves as self-timer switch.

Shutter Release: Two-step electromagnetic release; first step activates light meter and viewfinder information circuit; second step completes exposure; provided with meter button.

Multiple Exposure: By winding the film while pressing in the film rewind button.

Self-Timer: Electronically controlled; trips shutter in 12 seconds; emits audible signal.

Sync Contact: X-contact, 1/60 sec. hotshoe; special contacts for exclusive flashes; provided with sync terminal.

Auto-flash System: Automatic shutter speed setting with exclusive flashes; automatic flash exposure.

Camera Back: Snaps open when the film rewind crank is pulled out; can be removed and replaced with a data back (Fujica Photo Recorser, optional) for printing data on the film.

Film Loading: Multiple-slit take-up spool for easy loading.

Film Advance: Single-stroke lever on camera top; provision for advancing film in small increments; 144 deg. winding angle, 25 deg. stand off.

Exposure Counter: Automatic reset, additive; counts backward during film rewind, remains still during multiple exposure.

Film Rewind: Rewind button and crank; button returns to normal position when crank is wound.

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35mm full frame

43.27 24 36
  • Dimensions: 36 × 24mm
  • Aspect ratio: 3:2
  • Diagonal: 43.27mm
  • Area: 864mm2

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Image stabilizer

A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film.

The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.

Original name

Lens name as indicated on the lens barrel (usually on the front ring). With lenses from film era, may vary slightly from batch to batch.


Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.

35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.

APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.

Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).

Angle of view

Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.

As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.

A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).

This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),


CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.


A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.

A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.

Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance can also be different.

The flange focal distance (FFD) is the distance from the mechanical rear end surface of the lens mount to the focal plane.

Lens construction

Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.

Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.

Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.

Focal length

The focal length is the factor that determines the size of the image reproduced on the focal plane, picture angle which covers the area of the subject to be photographed, depth of field, etc.


The largest opening or stop at which a lens can be used is referred to as the speed of the lens. The larger the maximum aperture is, the faster the lens is considered to be. Lenses that offer a large maximum aperture are commonly referred to as fast lenses, and lenses with smaller maximum aperture are regarded as slow.

In low-light situations, having a wider maximum aperture means that you can shoot at a faster shutter speed or work at a lower ISO, or both.

Closest focusing distance

The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.

Closest working distance

The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.

Magnification ratio

Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. For example, a magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size".

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Electronic manual focus override is performed in the following way: half-press the shutter button, wait until the camera has finished the autofocusing and then focus manually without releasing the shutter button using the focusing ring.

Manual diaphragm

The diaphragm must be stopped down manually by rotating the detent aperture ring.

Preset diaphragm

The lens has two rings, one is for pre-setting, while the other is for normal diaphragm adjustment. The first ring must be set at the desired aperture, the second ring then should be fully opened for focusing, and turned back for stop down to the pre-set value.

Semi-automatic diaphragm

The lens features spring mechanism in the diaphragm, triggered by the shutter release, which stops down the diaphragm to the pre-set value. The spring needs to be reset manually after each exposure to re-open diaphragm to its maximum value.

Automatic diaphragm

The camera automatically closes the diaphragm down during the shutter operation. On completion of the exposure, the diaphragm re-opens to its maximum value.

Fixed diaphragm

The aperture setting is fixed at F/ on this lens, and cannot be adjusted.

Number of blades

As a general rule, the more blades that are used to create the aperture opening in the lens, the rounder the out-of-focus highlights will be.

Some lenses are designed with curved diaphragm blades, so the roundness of the aperture comes not from the number of blades, but from their shape. However, the fewer blades the diaphragm has, the more difficult it is to form a circle, regardless of rounded edges.

At maximum aperture, the opening will be circular regardless of the number of blades.


Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

Maximum diameter x Length

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.

Weather sealing

A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.

Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.

Fluorine coating

Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front and/or rear lens elements over multi-coatings.


Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.

Lens hood

A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.

The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.

Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.

Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.


Teleconverters increase the effective focal length of lenses. They also usually maintain the closest focusing distance of lenses, thus increasing the magnification significantly. A lens combined with a teleconverter is normally smaller, lighter and cheaper than a "direct" telephoto lens of the same focal length and speed.

Teleconverters are a convenient way of enhancing telephoto capability, but it comes at a cost − reduced maximum aperture. Also, since teleconverters magnify every detail in the image, they logically also magnify residual aberrations of the lens.

Lens caps

Scratched lens surfaces can spoil the definition and contrast of even the finest lenses. Lens covers are the best and most inexpensive protection available against dust, moisture and abrasion. Safeguard lens elements - both front and rear - whenever the lens is not in use.