|■Asahi TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8||P||6 - 5||0.55m||⌀46||1958 ●|
|■Asahi Auto-TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8 ||S||6 - 5||0.55m||⌀46||1958 ●|
|■Asahi Auto-TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8 ||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀49||1960 ●|
|■Asahi Super-TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8 [345-2, 345-5, 33450, 34520]||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀49||1962 ●|
|■Asahi Super-TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8 [371, 37100, 37101, 37104, 37106]||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀49||1965 ●|
|■Asahi Super-Multi-Coated TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8 [37101, 37104, 37106] [Mod. M42]||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀49||1971 ●|
|■Asahi SMC TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8  [Mod. M42]||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀49||1972 ●|
|■smc Pentax 55mm F/1.8||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀52||1975 ●|
■ Production details
|Production status:||● Discontinued|
|Original name:||Asahi Opt. Co. Super-Takumar 1:1.8/55|
|System:||Asahi Pentax M42 (1957)|
■ Optical design
|Maximum format:||35mm full frame|
|Mount and Flange focal distance:||M42 [45.5mm]|
|Diagonal angle of view:||42.9°|
|Lens construction:||6 elements in 5 groups|
■ Diaphragm mechanism
|Aperture control:||Aperture ring (Manual settings only)|
|Number of blades:||6 (six)|
|Closest focusing distance:||0.45m|
|Maximum magnification:||<No data>|
|Focusing modes:||Manual focus only|
|Manual focus control:||Focusing ring|
■ Physical characteristics
|Maximum diameter x Length:||⌀57.7×38mm|
|Lens hood:||Screw-type round|
■ Sources of data
|1. The Ultimate Asahi Pentax Screw Mount Guide 1952-1977 book by Gerjan van Oosten (1999).|
|2. Asahi Pentax Takumar interchangeable lenses operating manual (PUB. 06081).|
|3. Complete system of photography: Asahi Pentax lenses and accessories booklet (PUB. 63008).|
|4. Honeywell Photographic Products booklet (March 1969).|
|5. Honeywell Pentax cameras, lenses, and accessories booklet (March 1971).|
|6. Honeywell Photographic GSA Catalog and Price List (December 1, 1970 through November 30, 1971).|
|7. Asahi Pentax SV & S1a operating manual (PUB. 61008, 18 pages).|
|8. Honeywell Pentax H3v/H1a operating manual.|
|9. Honeywell Pentax SL operating manual (August 1969).|
|10. Honeywell Pentax SP 500 operating manual.|
|11. Honeywell Pentax Spotmatic operating manual (May 1967).|
|12. Honeywell Pentax Spotmatic operating manual.|
Newest high-speed 6-element lens, utilizing latest optical glass advances. High resolving power combines with outstanding brightness for easiest focusing. An ideal all-round lens. Equipped with fully-automatic diaphragm.
Razor-sharp, fully corrected, high-speed standard lens, using rare-earth glass, designed by top lens designers. Bright f/1.8 aperture makes viewing and focusing extremely easy. Extremely fine resolving power is widely acclaimed by professional and discriminating amateur alike. Equipped with fully automatic diaphragm.
This is the outstandingly practical standard Super-Takumar lens. The f1.8 maximum aperture and 55mm focal length ore admirably suited to all-round photography: this lens gives the same high performance for long shots, at medium range, and for close-ups - its minimum focusing distance is 45cm. This is a lens that has grown up with the Pentax itself and continues to give fine results in all fields.
A true standard lens must above all give fine all-round performance and the Super-Takumar 55mm f1.8 has been perfected over the years with this object in mind. Accordingly the lens design is supremely practical - distortion is eliminated, the same even performance is obtained at long or short range, image resolution is high and results with color photography are superb. This is truly an all-purpose quality optic at home in all fields of general photography.
A standard lens is the first step toward an interchangeable lens system. As an introduction to the Super-Takumar range, the 55mm F1.8 can be readily recommended.
The design ensures a high standard of performance throughout whether at long or short range, and a crisp, distortion-free, image at all apertures.
Particularly recommended for superb colour rendering.
With a 45cm - Infinity focusing range this standard lens is the basic unit around which one can commence to build a system of interchangeable lenses of shorter or longer focal length.
Also there are those who might prefer to employ as a standard lens the marginally longer focal length of this 55mm f1.8 6 element objective with the slightly restricted angle of view of 43° compared to the other 50mm standard lenses.
High resolving power, minimum bulk and weight, very fast f1.8 maximum aperture, and, of course, fully automatic diaphragm make this a most desirable objective.
Fast full-frame standard prime lens
Genres or subjects of photography (7):
Landscapes • Cityscapes • Buildings • Interiors • Portraits • Street • Travel photography
Adaptation to digital SLR cameras:
Canon EOS SLRs • Sigma SD SLRs • Sony SLRs/SLTs • Pentax SLRs • Nikon SLRs • More information
In order to adapt the lens, the flange focal distance (FFD) of the lens mount must be equal to or greater than the FFD of the camera mount. This lens has the M42 mount with a FFD of 45.5mm. This is even shorter than the FFD of Canon EOS digital SLR cameras, which have the shortest FFD of 44mm of any modern digital SLR cameras. Therefore, this lens cannot be adapted to any digital SLR camera.
Recommended slowest shutter speed when shooting static subjects handheld:
1/60th of a second
Sorted by focal length and speed, in ascending order
|Asahi Super-TAKUMAR 50mm F/1.4 [358, 35800]||A||8 - 6||0.45m||⌀49||1964 ●|
|Asahi Super-TAKUMAR 50mm F/1.4 [378, 37800, 37801]||A||7 - 6||0.45m||⌀49||1965 ●|
|Asahi Super-TAKUMAR 50mm F/1.4 for SL ||A||7 - 6||0.45m||⌀49||1969 ●|
|Asahi Super-Multi-Coated TAKUMAR 50mm F/1.4  [Mod. M42]||A||7 - 6||0.45m||⌀49||1971 ●|
|Asahi SMC TAKUMAR 50mm F/1.4  [Mod. M42]||A||7 - 6||0.45m||⌀49||1972 ●|
|Asahi TAKUMAR 55mm F/2.2||P||5 - 5||0.55m||⌀46||1957 ●|
|Asahi Auto-TAKUMAR 55mm F/2.2||S||6 - 5||0.55m||⌀46||1961 ●|
|Asahi Auto-TAKUMAR 55mm F/2 [341, 34100]||S||6 - 5||0.55m||⌀46||1958 ●|
|Asahi Super-TAKUMAR 55mm F/2 [345-1, 345-6, 345-3]||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀49||1962 ●|
|Asahi Super-TAKUMAR 55mm F/2 [37102, 37103, 37107]||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀49||1965 ●|
|Asahi SMC TAKUMAR 55mm F/2  [Mod. M42]||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀49||1973 ●|
|Asahi Auto-TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.9||S||6 - 5||0.55m||⌀46||1958 ●|
|Asahi Auto-TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8 ||S||6 - 5||0.55m||⌀46||1958 ●|
|Asahi TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8||P||6 - 5||0.55m||⌀46||1958 ●|
|Asahi Auto-TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8 ||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀49||1960 ●|
|Asahi Super-TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8 [345-2, 345-5, 33450, 34520]||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀49||1962 ●|
|Asahi Super-Multi-Coated TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8 [37101, 37104, 37106] [Mod. M42]||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀49||1971 ●|
|Asahi SMC TAKUMAR 55mm F/1.8  [Mod. M42]||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀49||1972 ●|
|Asahi TAKUMAR 58mm F/2.4||P||5 - 3||0.6m||⌀46||1957 ●|
|Asahi TAKUMAR 58mm F/2||P||6 - 4||0.6m||⌀46||1957 ●|
Sorted by manufacturer name
|Auto Revuenon 55mm F/1.4||A||7 - 5||0.5m||⌀55||●|
|Auto Chinon 55mm F/1.4 [MC] (Revuenon)||A||? - ?||0.5m||⌀55||●|
|Exaktar 55mm F/1.4||A||? - ?||0.5m||●|
|Cosina Tokyo Kogaku Auto-TOPCOR 58mm F/1.4 (1600 units)||A||7 - 6||0.45m||⌀58||2003 ●|
|Cosina Auto Cosinon 55mm F/2.8 (Exaktar, Porst Color Reflex D)||A||4 - 3||0.9m||⌀49||●|
|Cosina Auto Cosinon 50mm F/1.9 (Vivitar)||A||6 - 4||0.5m||⌀49||●|
|Cosina Auto Cosinon 55mm F/2.8 (Super Carenar, Porst Color Reflex, Revuetar, Rikenon, Vivitar)||A||4 - 3||0.9m||⌀49||●|
|Cosina Auto Cosinon 50mm F/1.8 (Exaktar, Revuenon, Vivitar)||A||6 - 4||0.5m||⌀49||●|
|Cosina Auto Cosinon 50mm F/1.7 [MC] (Porst Color Reflex, Rikenon, Vivitar [VMC])||A||6 - 4||0.5m||⌀49||●|
|Cosina Auto Cosinon 55mm F/1.4 [MC] (Super Carenar, Exaktar, Kobanar, Panorama, Porst Color Reflex [MC G], Super Reflecta, Revuenon, Vivitar VMC)||A||7 - 5||0.5m||⌀55||●|
|Cosina Auto Cosinon 55mm F/2.1 (Vivitar)||A||4 - 4||0.6m||⌀49||●|
|Cosina Auto Cosinon 55mm F/1.2 MC||A||7 - 6||0.5m||⌀55||●|
|Cosina Auto Cosinon 55mm F/1.2 MC||A||7 - 5||0.5m||⌀55||●|
|Fuji Photo Film [EBC] FUJINON 55mm F/1.8 [Mod. M42]||A||6 - 4||0.45m||⌀49||1970 ●|
|Fuji Photo Film FUJINON 50mm F/1.6 [Mod. M42]||A||6 - 6||0.6m||⌀49||●|
|Fuji Photo Film FUJINON 55mm F/2.2 [Mod. M42]||A||4 - 4||0.6m||⌀49||1975 ●|
|Fuji Photo Film FUJINON 55mm F/1.6 [Mod. M42]||A||5 - 4||0.6m||⌀49||●|
|Fuji Photo Film [EBC] FUJINON 50mm F/1.4 [Mod. M42]||A||7 - 6||0.45m||⌀49||1970 ●|
|Auto Mamiya/Sekor 50mm F/2||A||6 - 4||0.5m||⌀52||1966 ●|
|Auto Mamiya/Sekor SX 50mm F/2 [Mod. M42]||A||6 - 4||0.45m||⌀52||1974 ●|
|Auto Mamiya/Sekor 55mm F/1.8||A||6 - 4||0.5m||⌀52||1966 ●|
|Auto Mamiya/Sekor SX 55mm F/1.4 [Mod. M42]||A||7 - 5||0.45m||⌀52||1974 ●|
|Auto Mamiya/Sekor SX 55mm F/1.8 [Mod. M42]||A||6 - 5||0.45m||⌀52||1974 ●|
|Auto Mamiya/Sekor 50mm F/2.8||A||4 - 3||0.5m||⌀52||●|
|Auto Mamiya/Sekor 55mm F/1.4||A||7 - 5||0.5m||⌀55||●|
|Mamiya-Sekor 58mm F/1.7 for CP||A||6 - 4||0.5m||⌀52||1964 ●|
|Meyer-Optik Gorlitz Domiplan 50mm F/2.8 (Pentacon Orestor, Pentaflex-Color)||A||3 - 3||0.75m||⌀49||1961 ●|
|Meyer-Optik Gorlitz Oreston 50mm F/1.8||A||6 - 4||0.33m||⌀49||1965 ●|
|Meyer-Optik Gorlitz Primotar 50mm F/2.8||P||4 - 3||0.6m||⌀40.5||1959 ●|
|Meyer-Optik Gorlitz Primoplan 58mm F/1.9 V||P||5 - 4||0.6m||⌀49||1952 ●|
|Olympus G.ZUIKO Auto-S 50mm F/1.4 for FTL [Mod. M42]||A||7 - 6||0.4m||⌀49||1970 ●|
|Olympus F.ZUIKO Auto-S 50mm F/1.8 for FTL [Mod. M42]||A||6 - 5||0.4m||⌀49||1970 ●|
|P. Angenieux Paris 50mm F/1.8 Type S1||M||6 - 4||1942 ●|
|P. Angenieux Paris 50mm F/1.5 Type S21||M||6 - 4||●|
|Pentacon 50mm F/1.8 auto / electric MC (Auto Revuenon)||A||6 - 4||0.33m||⌀49||●|
|Pentacon 50mm F/1.8 auto / electric (Pentaflex Auto-Color)||A||6 - 4||0.33m||⌀49||1971 ●|
|Porst Color Reflex MC Auto 55mm F/1.4 G||A||7 - 5||0.5m||⌀55||●|
|Rodenstock-Heligon 50mm F/1.9||A||6 - 4||0.6m||⌀52||1956 ●|
|Schneider-Kreuznach Xenon 50mm F/1.9||A||6 - 4||0.5m||⌀49||●|
|Tomioka Auto YASHINON 55mm F/1.2||A||7 - 6||0.5m||⌀55||1970 ●|
|Tomioka Auto Chinon 55mm F/1.2||A||7 - 6||0.5m||⌀55||1970 ●|
|Tomioka Auto YASHINON DS-M 55mm F/1.2||A||7 - 6||0.5m||⌀55||1973 ●|
|Tomioka Auto Cosinon 55mm F/1.2||A||7 - 6||0.5m||⌀55||1970 ●|
|Tomioka Auto Revuenon 55mm F/1.2||A||7 - 6||0.5m||⌀55||1970 ●|
|Tomioka Kogaku Auto TOMINON 55mm F/1.2||A||7 - 6||0.5m||⌀55||1970 ●|
|Tomioka Opt. TOMINON C. 50mm F/2||S||? - ?||0.55m||⌀46||●|
|Tomioka Auto Chinon 55mm F/1.4 (Super Reflecta, Revuenon, Rikenon, Sears)||A||7 - 5||0.5m||⌀55||●|
|Vivitar 55mm F/1.2 VMC Auto (s/n 9xxxxxxx)||A||7 - 5||0.5m||⌀55||●|
|Yashica Auto YASHINON-DX 50mm F/1.4||A||7 - 6||0.5m||⌀55||●|
|Yashica Auto YASHINON DS-M 50mm F/1.7||A||6 - 5||0.5m||⌀52||●|
|Yashica Auto YASHINON 55mm F/1.8||A||6 - 5||0.5m||●|
|Yashica Auto YASHINON-DS 50mm F/1.7||A||6 - 5||0.5m||⌀52||●|
|Yashica Auto YASHINON 50mm F/2||A||6 - 5||0.55m||⌀52||1961 ●|
|Yashica Auto YASHINON-DS 50mm F/1.4||A||7 - 6||0.5m||⌀55||●|
|Yashica Auto YASHINON-DX 50mm F/1.7||A||6 - 5||0.5m||⌀52||●|
|Yashica Auto YASHINON-DX 50mm F/2||A||6 - 5||0.5m||⌀52||●|
|Yashica Auto YASHINON-DS 50mm F/1.9||A||6 - 5||0.5m||⌀52||●|
|Yashica Auto YASHINON DS-M 50mm F/1.4||A||7 - 6||0.5m||⌀55||●|
|Yashica Auto YASHINON-DS 50mm F/2||A||6 - 5||0.5m||⌀52||●|
|Carl Zeiss Classic Planar T* 50mm F/1.4 ZE / ZF.2 / ZK / ZS||A||7 - 6||0.45m||E58||2006 ●|
|Carl Zeiss Ultron 50mm F/1.8||A||7 - 6||0.45m||B50||1968 ●|
|Carl Zeiss Planar [HFT] 50mm F/1.8 (IFBAGON, OPTON, Rollei-HFT, Voigtlander COLOR-ULTRON)||A||7 - 6||0.45m||E49||1970 ●|
|Carl Zeiss Tessar 50mm F/2.8||A||4 - 3||0.45m||B50||1966 ●|
|Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Pancolar 55mm F/1.4||A||7 - 5||0.39m||E58||1966 ●|
|Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Pancolar 50mm F/1.8 “Zebra” [I]||A||6 - 4||0.35m||E49||1965 ●|
|Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Pancolar 50mm F/1.8 “Zebra” [II]||A||6 - 5||0.35m||E49||1967 ●|
|Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Pancolar 50mm F/1.8 auto / electric MC||A||6 - 5||0.35m||E49||1976 ●|
|Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Pancolar 50mm F/2||A||6 - 4||0.5m||E49||1960 ●|
|Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Tessar 50mm F/2.8 [T]||S||4 - 3||0.5m||E49||●|
|Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Tessar 50mm F/2.8 [T]||P||4 - 3||0.5m||E49||1947 ●|
|Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Tessar 50mm F/2.8 “Zebra”||A||4 - 3||0.35m||E49||●|
|Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Tessar 50mm F/2.8||A||4 - 3||0.35m||E49||●|
|Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Biotar 58mm F/2 T Type 1||M||6 - 4||0.9m||E40.5||1946 ●|
|Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Biotar 58mm F/2 T Type 2||P||6 - 4||0.5m||E49||1950 ●|
|Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Biotar 58mm F/2 [T] Type 3||S||6 - 4||0.6m||E49||1953 ●|
|Tamron 58mm F/1.2 (Taika Harigon) [T]||P||8 - 6||0.55m||1960 ●|
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Cannot compare the lens to itself.
A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film.
The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.
Lens name as indicated on the lens barrel (usually on the front ring). With lenses from film era, may vary slightly from batch to batch.
Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.
35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.
APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.
Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).
Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.
As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.
A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).
This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),
CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.
A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.
A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.
Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance can also be different.
The flange focal distance (FFD) is the distance from the mechanical rear end surface of the lens mount to the focal plane.
Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.
Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.
Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.
The focal length is the factor that determines the size of the image reproduced on the focal plane, picture angle which covers the area of the subject to be photographed, depth of field, etc.
The largest opening or stop at which a lens can be used is referred to as the speed of the lens. The larger the maximum aperture is, the faster the lens is considered to be. Lenses that offer a large maximum aperture are commonly referred to as fast lenses, and lenses with smaller maximum aperture are regarded as slow.
In low-light situations, having a wider maximum aperture means that you can shoot at a faster shutter speed or work at a lower ISO, or both.
The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.
The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.
Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. For example, a magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size".
The mount has been modified by the manufacturer to allow exposure metering at full aperture.
The diaphragm must be stopped down manually by rotating the detent aperture ring.
The lens has two rings, one is for pre-setting, while the other is for normal diaphragm adjustment. The first ring must be set at the desired aperture, the second ring then should be fully opened for focusing, and turned back for stop down to the pre-set value.
The lens features spring mechanism in the diaphragm, triggered by the shutter release, which stops down the diaphragm to the pre-set value. The spring needs to be reset manually after each exposure to re-open diaphragm to its maximum value.
The camera automatically closes the diaphragm down during the shutter operation. On completion of the exposure, the diaphragm re-opens to its maximum value.
The aperture setting is fixed at F/1.8 on this lens, and cannot be adjusted.
As a general rule, the more blades that are used to create the aperture opening in the lens, the rounder the out-of-focus highlights will be.
Some lenses are designed with curved diaphragm blades, so the roundness of the aperture comes not from the number of blades, but from their shape. However, the fewer blades the diaphragm has, the more difficult it is to form a circle, regardless of rounded edges.
At maximum aperture, the opening will be circular regardless of the number of blades.
Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).
Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).
For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.
A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.
Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.
Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front and/or rear lens elements over multi-coatings.
Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.
A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.
The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.
Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.
Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.
Teleconverters increase the effective focal length of lenses. They also usually maintain the closest focusing distance of lenses, thus increasing the magnification significantly. A lens combined with a teleconverter is normally smaller, lighter and cheaper than a "direct" telephoto lens of the same focal length and speed.
Teleconverters are a convenient way of enhancing telephoto capability, but it comes at a cost − reduced maximum aperture. Also, since teleconverters magnify every detail in the image, they logically also magnify residual aberrations of the lens.
Scratched lens surfaces can spoil the definition and contrast of even the finest lenses. Lens covers are the best and most inexpensive protection available against dust, moisture and abrasion. Safeguard lens elements - both front and rear - whenever the lens is not in use.