Sigma-XQ MF 39-80mm F/3.5 Multi-Coated


Announced
Production status
Original name
Class
Pros and cons
Genres or subjects of photography
Recommended slowest shutter speed when shooting static subjects handheld

Sigma-XQ MF 39-80mm F/3.5 Multi-Coated

Standard zoom lens • Film era • Discontinued

Abbreviations

Multi-Coated Multi-layer anti-reflection coating is applied to the surfaces of lens elements. This anti-reflection coating increases light transmission, eliminates flare and ghosting, and maintains color consistence among all lens models.

Specification

Constant
F/3.5
MF
Auto
⌀62
filters

Optical design:
39mm - 80mm [2.1X zoom ratio]
F/3.5 across the focal length range
35mm full frame
Canon FD [42mm]
Contax/Yashica [45.5mm]
Fujica X [43.5mm]
Konica AR [40.5mm]
M42 [45.5mm]
Minolta SR [43.5mm]
Nikon F [46.5mm]
Olympus OM [46mm]
Pentax K [45.5mm]
Rollei QBM [44.46mm]
58° @ 39mm - 30.3° @ 80mm (35mm full frame)
12 elements in 10 groups
On Nikon D APS-C [1.53x] cameras:
35mm equivalent focal length range:
59.7mm - 122.4mm (in terms of field of view)
35mm equivalent speed range:
F/5.4 (in terms of depth of field)
Diagonal angle of view:
39.8° @ 39mm - 20° @ 80mm
On Pentax K APS-C [1.53x] cameras:
35mm equivalent focal length range:
59.7mm - 122.4mm (in terms of field of view)
35mm equivalent speed range:
F/5.4 (in terms of depth of field)
Diagonal angle of view:
39.8° @ 39mm - 20° @ 80mm
Diaphragm mechanism:
Diaphragm type:
Automatic
Aperture control:
Aperture ring (Manual settings only)
6 (six)
Zooming:
Zoom mechanism:
Manual
Zoom control:
Zoom ring
Zoom type:
Rotary
Zooming method:
Extends while zooming
Focusing:
2m
<No data>
Focusing modes:
Manual focus only
Manual focus control:
Focusing ring
Physical characteristics:
500g (mount not specified)
⌀71×84mm (mount not specified)
Accessories:
Screw-type 62mm
<No data>
<No data>

Source of data

  • Manufacturer's technical data.

Manufacturer description #1

1 LENS DOES THE WORK OF 4!

Introducing the new, light, compact Sigma XQ 39-80mm Mini-Zoom. It's a single lens, just about the size and weight of an ordinary short tele, that takes the place of the tele, the normal, the moderate wide angle and the macro lenses in your bag! All without cumbersome attachments of any kind. The new Sigma XQ 39-80mm f3.5 is a complete Macro-system zoom all by itself... it's your perfect travelling companion, especially if you want to travel light.

Minimum Focusing Distance in Macro Mode: 26cm.

Reproduction Ratio: 1:1/3.5.

Manufacturer description #2

SIGMA MINI-ZOOM 39-80mm f/3.5

The Advantages Of Five SLR Lenses, In One.

A quantum advance in creative image control. Slip the trim, pocketsize Sigma 39-80mm f3.5 Mini-Zoom on your slr, and you command all the advantages of five slr lenses, in one: wide-angle, normal, macro, telephoto, and zoom. Frame your subject in an infinite number of ways, make backgrounds crystal-clear or nearly invisible, even expand or compress distance almost magically - all with a flick of your wrist. And all with sharpness, color fidelity, and sheer clarity that are little short of fantastic...

Macro focusing at every focal length. Through innovative computer technology, Sigma engineers have created the seemingly impossible: a wide-to-telephoto zoom that lets you move in as close as 10" for spectacular close-ups throughout the entire range of focal lengths! There's a world of difference between a macro shot from inches away, and one taken at a longer focal length, from several feet... and it's a world you'll explore as never before with the Sigma full-range macro capability...

Smaller, lighter by far. Despite its wide-ranging versatility, the Sigma 39-80mm f3.5 is just 3.5 inches short and weighs a feather-like 16.1 ounces - far lighter than conventional zooms. And far easier to carry than any combination of single focal-length lenses within its range. The rubberized focusing and specially-textured zoom and aperture controls assure split-second responsiveness, to let you capture the fastest-paced action with ease. And there are two built-in depth-of-field scales - one for wide-angle, one for telephoto - for added precision... two more than most zooms!

Above all, critical sharpness. The essential function of any photographic lens is to provide a sharp, clear image... something the Sigma 39-80mm f3.5 zoom does, to an extent once believed impossible in zoom lenses for 35mm cameras. Using advanced computer technology, Sigma engineers have successfully combined the resolution and contrast of the finest fixed focal-length lenses with the unrivalled versatility of the multi-purpose zoom, as never before. All of which makes the Sigma Mini-Zoom one of the most fascinating innovations in slr optics ever created - and one that's pleasantly affordable.

Manufacturer description #3

Until now, travelling in style meant carrying a whole assortment of slr lenses... but not any more. Sigma's ultra-compact, lightweight 39-80mm f3.5 Mini-Zoom gives you the creative freedom of five slr lenses in one: wide-angle, normal, macro, telephoto, and zoom - all in a single lens that's just 3.3" (84mm) short and only 17.6 oz. (500g) light.

But there's lots more to the Sigma 39-80mm than compact convenience. Its computer-designed 12-element optical system is multi-layer coated for flare-free contrast and color fidelity little short of incredible. You enjoy split-second handling ease with the heavily-textured zoom and rubberized focusing controls. The built-in macro system lets you fill the entire 35mm frame with a subject as small as 3.3x5" (84x126mm) - and, you can use the macro feature at any and every focal length for unprecedented choice of macro perspective! And while most zooms have no depth-of-field scale, the Sigma Mini-Zoom has two - one for wide-angle, one for telephoto.

Next time you're out exploring with your slr, bring along the most versatile travelling companion of all: the Sigma 39-80mm f3.5 Mini-Zoom.

Manufacturer description #4

DON'T CHANGE LENSES. ZOOM WITH SIGMA!

From 39mm ...to 80mm

With the ultra-small, extra-light Sigma Mini-Zoom lens, you might never change lenses again... because it gives you wide-angle, normal, telephoto and zoom capabilities all in one! You can zoom and focus in a flash, and make exciting close-ups at every focal length.

It comes complete with carrying case and lens shade, in models to fit all popular 35mm slr cameras.

Manufacturer description #5

A high resolution, multicoated optic capable of fulfilling the most exacting demands of the professional photographer.

1. When using your lens as a normal zoom lens, make sure that the Normal/Macro Range Ring is locked in the "Normal" position.

2. When focusing, set the Zoom Ring to the 80mm position focus, and zoom to the desired focal length. After focusing at the 80mm position, focus remains constant throughout the zoom range. Focusing will be sharper to the eye at the 80mm setting due to the relatively shallower depth-of-field.

3. Immediately above the Zoom Ring, the depth-of-field scale for the wide-angle (39mm) range is engraved in green; it is preceded by a "W" to indicate wide-angle. The telephoto (80mm) range depth-of-field scale is engraved in orange and is preceded by a "T" to indicate telephoto. Use the wide-angle range for maximum depth-of-field and the telephoto range for minimum depth-of-field.

4. Immediately below the Zoom Ring, you will find the Macro Focus Ring. It should be locked in the Normal position for general use. To unlock the Macro Focus Ring, push down on the lock lever directly beneath the word "Macro". Push the Macro Focus Ring clockwise to shift to the macro range. The more the Macro Focus Ring is moved clockwise, the closer you will be able to approach your subject. The second lever on the Macro Focus Ring, opposite the lock lever, is merely an aid for turning the ring; it is not a lock lever.

The following points should be kept in mind when shooting in the macro range:

a. The macro range may be used at any focal length from 39mm to 80mm.

b. The reproduction ratios engraved on the Macro Focus Ring apply when the Zoom Ring is set to 39mm and the Focusing Ring is set to infinity.

c. Moving the Focusing Ring when in the macro range will have little appreciable effect. Focusing in the macro range should be done in any of the following ways:

- Remain stationary and turn the Macro Focus Ring

- Remain stationary and turn the Zoom Ring

- Change the subject-to-camera distance by moving forward or backward until the subject comes into focus

d. Macro photography involves working with very shallow depth-of-field. For this reason, it is desirable to stop the lens down as much as possible for sharpest results.

e. When the Macro Focus Ring is returned to the normal position, it will automatically lock in place.

ATTENTION: All macro zoom lenses become varifocal lenses when used in the macro range; that is, each time the Zoom Ring is moved, the lens has to be refocused. Of course, it is also impossible to focus at infinity when in the macro range. After the Macro Focus Ring is returned to the normal position, the lens becomes a normal zoom lens.

Manufacturer description #6

One lens to cover every photographic need, and so light it is barely perceptible. Ideal for the photographer traveling light. The entire zoom range of wide, standard and telephoto is covered in a mere quarter turn of the rubberized Zoom Ring. Unlock the Macro Focus Ring to enter the macro mode which makes close-up photography possible at any part of the zoom range. Take close-ups that are impossible with your present wide, standard and telephoto lenses for pictures bursting with impact.

And, of course, only a zoom lens is capable of producing the exiting "streaking" effect which is easily accomplished by zooming during a long or multiple exposure. Smash all the barriers imposed upon you with your present standard lens and liberate yourself with a Sigma Mini-Zoom lens, the key which unlocks the doors to new avenues of photographic expression.

From the Modern Photography magazine (1978)

It is difficult to design a zoom that goes from medium wide angle to short telephoto and provides respectable optical quality over this range. Perhaps you question the need for a 2:1 zoom optic offering focal lengths from not-really-wide-angle to not-very-telephoto. The answer is that it functions admirably as an "extended range normal" lens. In the field, you can crop in the finder with a lens not too much bigger or heavier than your normal single focal length lens (although, admittedly, you will lose two or more f/stops of maximum aperture). This lens also provides close focusing at all focal lengths, although its closest focusing distance of about 10 in. (for a 1:3.5 reproduction ratio) is available only at 39mm.

Examining the lens from the mount upward, you first come to the aperture ring. It's plastic and shows you three apertures at a time in a small rectangular opening. The click stops have positive detents and are indexed in half-stop increments. The next ring is the so-called "macro" control for close focusing. You must push the release tab to turn it from its locked normal position. Reproducktion ratios are marked on the ring from 1:7 down to 1:3.5. These can be set at any interim position. And, while the close-up feature can be engaged at any focal length setting, the marked ratios on this ring apply to the 39mrn focal length only.

Next is a thin, rubber-ribbed zooming ring, and in front of it is impressively large collection of numbers in different colors. The orange markings indicate depth of field at 80mm; the green scale is the depth of field at 39mm. The focusing collar has a more-than-ample 1 1/4-in. wide rubber grip which turns very smoothly about 90° to focus from infinity to 2 m (6.7 ft.).

As with most "macro-focusing zooms," focusing in the close-up mode is best achieved by turning either the "macro" ring or zooming ring. Turning the focusing collar will have little effect. In the close-focusing mode, the lens is no longer a true zoom, but rather a varifocal lens, since you must refocus whenever you change focal length.

Although the lens doesn't focus continuously through macro to normal modes, the ability to select close focusing at any focal length enables you to get a tight head and shoulders portrait at the 80mm setting. Being able to compose your frame by zooming rather than by physically moving closer or further away from the subject is not only operationally convenient, but also enables you to maximize useful negative area.

From the editor

The lens was sold both separately and as a kit with the Sigma Mark-I camera.

Lenses with similar focal length range

Sorted by manufacturer name
M42 mount (4)
Fuji Photo Film Fujinon-Z 43-75mm F/3.5-4.5Push/pullA7 - 71.20m⌀49
Sigma MF 35-85mm F/2.8-4A11 - 90.50m⌀52 1980 
Vivitar Series 1 35-85mm F/2.8 Auto VMC (s/n 22xxxxxx)Push/pullA12 - 90.26m⌀72 1974 
Voigtlander-Zoomar 36-82mm F/2.8Push/pullA14 - 111.30m 1959 
Fujica X mount (2)
Fuji Photo Film X-Fujinon-Z 43-75mm F/3.5-4.5 DMPush/pullA7 - 71.20m⌀49 1979 
Sigma MF 35-85mm F/2.8-4A11 - 90.50m⌀52 1980 
Minolta SR mount (5)
Minolta MD Rokkor 40-80mm F/2.8A12 - 121.00m⌀55 1977 
Minolta MC Rokkor 40-80mm F/2.8A12 - 121.00m⌀55 1975 
Sigma MF 35-80mm F/4-5.6 DL Multi-Coated ZENA8 - 70.50m⌀52 1990 
Sigma MF 35-85mm F/2.8-4A11 - 90.50m⌀52 1980 
Vivitar Series 1 35-85mm F/2.8 Auto VMC (s/n 22xxxxxx)Push/pullA12 - 90.26m⌀72 1974 
Nikon F mount (7)
Nikon Series E Zoom 36-72mm F/3.5Push/pullA8 - 81.20m⌀52 1981 
Nikon Zoom-Nikkor[·C] Auto 43-86mm F/3.5Push/pullA9 - 71.20m⌀52 1963 
Nikon Zoom-Nikkor 43-86mm F/3.5Push/pullA11 - 81.20m⌀52 1975 
Nikon AI Zoom-Nikkor 43-86mm F/3.5Push/pullA11 - 81.20m⌀52 1977 
Sigma MF 35-80mm F/4-5.6 DL Multi-Coated ZENA8 - 70.50m⌀52 1990 
Sigma MF 35-85mm F/2.8-4A11 - 90.50m⌀52 1980 
Vivitar Series 1 35-85mm F/2.8 Auto VMC (s/n 22xxxxxx)Push/pullA12 - 90.26m⌀72 1974 
Olympus OM mount (4)
Olympus OM Zuiko Auto 35-80mm F/2.8A16 - 140.60m⌀62
Sigma MF 35-80mm F/4-5.6 DL Multi-Coated ZENA8 - 70.50m⌀52 1990 
Sigma MF 35-85mm F/2.8-4A11 - 90.50m⌀52 1980 
Vivitar Series 1 35-85mm F/2.8 Auto VMC (s/n 22xxxxxx)Push/pullA12 - 90.26m⌀72 1974 
Pentax K mount (5)
smc Pentax-A 35-80mm F/4-5.6A7 - 60.40m⌀49 1994 
smc Pentax-M 40-80mm F/2.8-4A7 - 71.20m⌀49 1979 
Sigma MF 35-80mm F/4-5.6 DL Multi-Coated ZENA8 - 70.50m⌀52 1990 
Sigma MF 35-85mm F/2.8-4A11 - 90.50m⌀52 1980 
Vivitar Series 1 35-85mm F/2.8 Auto VMC (s/n 22xxxxxx)Push/pullA12 - 90.26m⌀72 1974 
Canon FD mount (3)
Sigma MF 35-80mm F/4-5.6 DL Multi-Coated ZENA8 - 70.50m⌀52 1990 
Sigma MF 35-85mm F/2.8-4A11 - 90.50m⌀52 1980 
Vivitar Series 1 35-85mm F/2.8 Auto VMC (s/n 22xxxxxx)Push/pullA12 - 90.26m⌀72 1974 
Contax/Yashica mount (5)
Sigma MF 35-80mm F/4-5.6 DL Multi-Coated ZENA8 - 70.50m⌀52 1990 
Sigma MF 35-85mm F/2.8-4A11 - 90.50m⌀52 1980 
Vivitar Series 1 35-85mm F/2.8 Auto VMC (s/n 22xxxxxx)Push/pullA12 - 90.26m⌀72 1974 
Yashica ML 42-75mm F/3.5-4.5Push/pullA7 - 71.20m⌀55 1980 
Carl Zeiss Vario-Sonnar T* 40-80mm F/3.5 [AE]Push/pullA13 - 91.20mE55 1974 
Konica AR mount (2)
Sigma MF 35-85mm F/2.8-4A11 - 90.50m⌀52 1980 
Vivitar Series 1 35-85mm F/2.8 Auto VMC (s/n 22xxxxxx)Push/pullA12 - 90.26m⌀72 1974 
Rollei QBM mount (1)
Sigma MF 35-85mm F/2.8-4A11 - 90.50m⌀52 1980 
Interchangeable mount (2)
Tamron SP 35-80mm F/2.8-3.8 01A [Adaptall-2]A9 - 80.27m⌀62 1979 
Tamron 35-80mm F/2.8-3.5 Multi C. QZ-35M [Adaptall]Push/pullA13 - 131.30m⌀62 1978 
Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

Copyright © 2012-2024 Evgenii Artemov. All rights reserved. Translation and/or reproduction of website materials in any form, including the Internet, is prohibited without the express written permission of the website owner.

Chromatic aberration

There are two kinds of chromatic aberration: longitudinal and lateral. Longitudinal chromatic aberration is a variation in location of the image plane with changes in wave lengths. It produces the image point surrounded by different colors which result in a blurred image in black-and-white pictures. Lateral chromatic aberration is a variation in image size or magnification with wave length. This aberration does not appear at axial image points but toward the surrounding area, proportional to the distance from the center of the image field. Stopping down the lens has only a limited effect on these aberrations.

Spherical aberration

Spherical aberration is caused because the lens is round and the film or image sensor is flat. Light entering the edge of the lens is more severely refracted than light entering the center of the lens. This results in a blurred image, and also causes flare (non-image forming internal reflections). Stopping down the lens minimizes spherical aberration and flare, but introduces diffraction.

Astigmatism

Astigmatism in a lens causes a point in the subject to be reproduced as a line in the image. The effect becomes worse towards the corner of the image. Stopping down the lens has very little effect.

Coma

Coma in a lens causes a circular shape in the subject to be reproduced as an oval shape in the image. Stopping down the lens has almost no effect.

Curvature of field

Curvature of field is the inability of a lens to produce a flat image of a flat subject. The image is formed instead on a curved surface. If the center of the image is in focus, the edges are out of focus and vice versa. Stopping down the lens has a limited effect.

Distortion

Distortion is the inability of a lens to capture lines as straight across the entire image area. Barrel distortion causes straight lines at the edges of the frame to bow toward the center of the image, producing a barrel shape. Pincushion distortion causes straight lines at the edges of the frame to curve in toward the lens axis. Distortion, whether barrel or pincushion type, is caused by differences in magnification; stopping down the lens has no effect at all.

The term "distortion" is also sometimes used instead of the term "aberration". In this case, other types of optical aberrations may also be meant, not necessarily geometric distortion.

Diffraction

Classically, light is thought of as always traveling in straight lines, but in reality, light waves tend to bend around nearby barriers, spreading out in the process. This phenomenon is known as diffraction and occurs when a light wave passes by a corner or through an opening. Diffraction plays a paramount role in limiting the resolving power of any lens.

Doublet

Doublet is a lens design comprised of two elements grouped together. Sometimes the two elements are cemented together, and other times they are separated by an air gap. Examples of this type of lens include achromatic close-up lenses.

Dynamic range

Dynamic range is the maximum range of tones, from darkest shadows to brightest highlights, that can be produced by a device or perceived in an image. Also called tonal range.

Resolving power

Resolving power is the ability of a lens, photographic emulsion or imaging sensor to distinguish fine detail. Resolving power is expressed in terms of lines per millimeter that are distinctly recorded in the final image.

Vignetting

Vignetting is the darkening of the corners of an image relative to the center of the image. There are three types of vignetting: optical, mechanical, and natural vignetting.

Optical vignetting is caused by the physical dimensions of a multi-element lens. Rear elements are shaded by elements in front of them, which reduces the effective lens opening for off-axis incident light. The result is a gradual decrease of the light intensity towards the image periphery. Optical vignetting is sensitive to the aperture and can be completely cured by stopping down the lens. Two or three stops are usually sufficient.

Mechanical vignetting occurs when light beams are partially blocked by external objects such as thick or stacked filters, secondary lenses, and improper lens hoods.

Natural vignetting (also known as natural illumination falloff) is not due to the blocking of light rays. The falloff is approximated by the "cosine fourth" law of illumination falloff. Wide-angle rangefinder designs are particularly prone to natural vignetting. Stopping down the lens cannot cure it.

Flare

Bright shapes or lack of contrast caused when light is scattered by the surface of the lens or reflected off the interior surfaces of the lens barrel. This is most often seen when the lens is pointed toward the sun or another bright light source. Flare can be minimized by using anti-reflection coatings, light baffles, or a lens hood.

Ghosting

Glowing patches of light that appear in a photograph due to lens flare.

Retrofocus design

Design with negative lens group(s) positioned in front of the diaphragm and positive lens group(s) positioned at the rear of the diaphragm. This provides a short focal length with a long back focus or lens-to-film distance, allowing for movement of the reflex mirror in SLR cameras. Sometimes called an inverted telephoto lens.

Anastigmat

A photographic lens completely corrected for the three main optical aberrations: spherical aberration, coma, and astigmatism.

By the mid-20th century, the vast majority of lenses were close to being anastigmatic, so most manufacturers stopped including this characteristic in lens names and/or descriptions and focused on advertising other features (anti-reflection coating, for example).

Rectilinear design

Design that does not introduce significant distortion, especially ultra-wide angle lenses that preserve straight lines and do not curve them (unlike a fisheye lens, for instance).

Focus shift

A change in the position of the plane of optimal focus, generally due to a change in focal length when using a zoom lens, and in some lenses, with a change in aperture.

Transmittance

The amount of light that passes through a lens without being either absorbed by the glass or being reflected by glass/air surfaces.

Modulation Transfer Function (MTF)

When optical designers attempt to compare the performance of optical systems, a commonly used measure is the modulation transfer function (MTF).

The components of MTF are:

The MTF of a lens is a measurement of its ability to transfer contrast at a particular resolution from the object to the image. In other words, MTF is a way to incorporate resolution and contrast into a single specification.

Knowing the MTF curves of each photographic lens and camera sensor within a system allows a designer to make the appropriate selection when optimizing for a particular resolution.

Veiling glare

Lens flare that causes loss of contrast over part or all of the image.

Anti-reflection coating

When light enters or exits an uncoated lens approximately 5% of the light is reflected back at each lens-air boundary due to the difference in refractive index. This reflected light causes flare and ghosting, which results in deterioration of image quality. To counter this, a vapor-deposited coating that reduces light reflection is applied to the lens surface. Early coatings consisted of a single thin film with the correct refractive index differences to cancel out reflections. Multi-layer coatings, introduced in the early 1970s, are made up of several such films.

Benefits of anti-reflection coating:

Circular fisheye

Produces a 180° angle of view in all directions (horizontal, vertical and diagonal).

The image circle of the lens is inscribed in the image frame.

Diagonal (full-frame) fisheye

Covers the entire image frame. For this reason diagonal fisheye lenses are often called full-frame fisheyes.

Extension ring

Extension rings can be used singly or in combination to vary the reproduction ratio of lenses. They are mounted between the camera body and the lens. As a rule, the effect becomes stronger the shorter the focal length of the lens in use, and the longer the focal length of the extension ring.

View camera

A large-format camera with a ground-glass viewfinder at the image plane for viewing and focusing. The photographer must stick his head under a cloth hood in order to see the image projected on the ground glass. Because of their 4x5-inch (or larger) negatives, these cameras can produce extremely high-quality results. View cameras also usually support movements.

135 cartridge-loaded film

43.27 24 36
  • Introduced: 1934
  • Frame size: 36 × 24mm
  • Aspect ratio: 3:2
  • Diagonal: 43.27mm
  • Area: 864mm2
  • Double perforated
  • 8 perforations per frame

120 roll film

71.22 44 56
  • Introduced: 1901
  • Frame size: 56 × 44mm
  • Aspect ratio: 11:14
  • Diagonal: 71.22mm
  • Area: 2464mm2
  • Unperforated

120 roll film

79.2 56 56
  • Introduced: 1901
  • Frame size: 56 × 56mm
  • Aspect ratio: 1:1
  • Diagonal: 79.2mm
  • Area: 3136mm2
  • Unperforated

120 roll film

89.64 56 70
  • Introduced: 1901
  • Frame size: 70 × 56mm
  • Aspect ratio: 5:4
  • Diagonal: 89.64mm
  • Area: 3920mm2
  • Unperforated

220 roll film

71.22 44 56
  • Introduced: 1965
  • Frame size: 56 × 44mm
  • Aspect ratio: 11:14
  • Diagonal: 71.22mm
  • Area: 2464mm2
  • Unperforated
  • Double the length of 120 roll film

220 roll film

79.2 56 56
  • Introduced: 1965
  • Frame size: 56 × 56mm
  • Aspect ratio: 1:1
  • Diagonal: 79.2mm
  • Area: 3136mm2
  • Unperforated
  • Double the length of 120 roll film

220 roll film

89.64 56 70
  • Introduced: 1965
  • Frame size: 70 × 56mm
  • Aspect ratio: 5:4
  • Diagonal: 89.64mm
  • Area: 3920mm2
  • Unperforated
  • Double the length of 120 roll film

Shutter speed ring with "F" setting

The "F" setting disengages the leaf shutter and is set when using only the focal plane shutter in the camera body.

Catch for disengaging cross-coupling

The shutter and diaphragm settings are cross-coupled so that the diaphragm opens to a corresponding degree when faster shutter speeds are selected. The cross-coupling can be disengaged at the press of a catch.

Cross-coupling button

With the cross-coupling button depressed speed/aperture combinations can be altered without changing the Exposure Value setting.

M & X sync

The shutter is fully synchronized for M- and X-settings so that you can work with flash at all shutter speeds.

In M-sync, the shutter closes the flash-firing circuit slightly before it is fully open to catch the flash at maximum intensity. The M-setting is used for Class M flash bulbs.

In X-sync, the flash takes place when the shutter is fully opened. The X-setting is used for electronic flash.

X sync

The shutter is fully synchronized for X-setting so that you can work with flash at all shutter speeds.

In X-sync, the flash takes place when the shutter is fully opened. The X-setting is used for electronic flash.

MF

Sorry, no additional information is available.

MF

Sorry, no additional information is available.

MF

Sorry, no additional information is available.

MF

Sorry, no additional information is available.

MF

Sorry, no additional information is available.

MF

Sorry, no additional information is available.

MF

Sorry, no additional information is available.

MF

Sorry, no additional information is available.

MF

Sorry, no additional information is available.

MF

Sorry, no additional information is available.

Unable to follow the link

You are already on the page dedicated to this lens.

Cannot perform comparison

Cannot compare the lens to itself.

Image stabilizer

A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film.

The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.

Original name

Lens name as indicated on the lens barrel (usually on the front ring). With lenses from film era, may vary slightly from batch to batch.

Format

Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.

35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.

APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.

Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).

Angle of view

Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.

As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.

A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).

This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),

where:

CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.

Mount

A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.

A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.

Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Leica, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance (distance from the mechanical rear end surface of the lens mount to the focal plane) is also different.

Lens construction

Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.

Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.

Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.

Focal length

The focal length is the factor that determines the size of the image reproduced on the focal plane, picture angle which covers the area of the subject to be photographed, depth of field, etc.

Speed

The largest opening or stop at which a lens can be used is referred to as the speed of the lens. The larger the maximum aperture is, the faster the lens is considered to be. Lenses that offer a large maximum aperture are commonly referred to as fast lenses, and lenses with smaller maximum aperture are regarded as slow.

In low-light situations, having a wider maximum aperture means that you can shoot at a faster shutter speed or work at a lower ISO, or both.

Closest focusing distance

The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.

Closest working distance

The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.

Magnification ratio

Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. Magnification is expressed as a ratio. For example, a magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size".

Modified M42 mount

The mount of this lens was modified by the manufacturer to allow exposure metering at full aperture.

Manual diaphragm

The diaphragm must be stopped down manually by rotating the detent aperture ring.

Preset diaphragm

The lens has two rings, one is for pre-setting, while the other is for normal diaphragm adjustment. The first ring must be set at the desired aperture, the second ring then should be fully opened for focusing, and turned back for stop down to the pre-set value.

Semi-automatic diaphragm

The lens features spring mechanism in the diaphragm, triggered by the shutter release, which stops down the diaphragm to the pre-set value. The spring needs to be reset manually after each exposure to re-open diaphragm to its maximum value.

Automatic diaphragm

The camera automatically closes the diaphragm down during the shutter operation. On completion of the exposure, the diaphragm re-opens to its maximum value.

Fixed diaphragm

The aperture setting is fixed at F/3.5 on this lens, and cannot be adjusted.

Number of blades

As a general rule, the more blades that are used to create the aperture opening in the lens, the rounder the out-of-focus highlights will be.

Some lenses are designed with curved diaphragm blades, so the roundness of the aperture comes not from the number of blades, but from their shape. However, the fewer blades the diaphragm has, the more difficult it is to form a circle, regardless of rounded edges.

At maximum aperture, the opening will be circular regardless of the number of blades.

Weight

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

Maximum diameter x Length

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.

Weather sealing

A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.

Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.

Fluorine coating

Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front lens element over multi-coatings.

Filters

Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.

Lens hood

A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.

The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.

Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.

Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.

Teleconverters

Teleconverters increase the effective focal length of lenses. They also usually maintain the closest focusing distance of lenses, thus increasing the magnification significantly. A lens combined with a teleconverter is normally smaller, lighter and cheaper than a "direct" telephoto lens of the same focal length and speed.

Teleconverters are a convenient way of enhancing telephoto capability, but it comes at a cost − reduced maximum aperture. Also, since teleconverters magnify every detail in the image, they logically also magnify residual aberrations of the lens.

Lens caps

Scratched lens surfaces can spoil the definition and contrast of even the finest lenses. Lens covers are the best and most inexpensive protection available against dust, moisture and abrasion. Safeguard lens elements - both front and rear - whenever the lens is not in use.

Rotary zoom

The change of focal length is achieved by turning the zoom ring and the manual focusing - by turning the separate focusing ring.

Push/pull zooming allows for faster change of focal length, however conventional method based on the rotation of the zoom ring provides more accurate and smooth zooming.

Push/pull zoom

The change of focal length happens when the photographer moves the ring towards the mount or backwards.

Push/pull zooming allows for faster change of focal length, however conventional method based on the rotation of the zoom ring provides more accurate and smooth zooming.

Zoom lock

The lens features a zoom lock to keep the zoom ring fixed. This function is convenient for carrying a camera with the lens on a strap because it prevents the lens from extending.

Zoom clutch

To set the manual zoom mode, pull the zoom ring towards the camera side until the words "POWER ZOOM" disappear.