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Carl Zeiss S-Planar T* 135mm F/5.6 C

Macro lens • Film era • Discontinued

Abbreviations

T* The multi-layer coating is applied to the surface of lens elements. It boosts light transmission, ensures sharp and high contrast images, minimizes ghosting and flares.
C A lens with Compur shutter.

Model history

Carl Zeiss Makro-Planar T* 135mm F/5.6 CF [V]For bellowsA7 - 50.54mB60 1982 
Carl Zeiss S-Planar T* 135mm F/5.6 C [V]For bellowsA7 - 50.54mB50

Production details

Announced:<No data>
Production status: Discontinued
Production type:Mass production
Original name:Carl Zeiss S-Planar 1:5,6 f=135mm T*
System: Hasselblad V (1957)

Features highlight

6x6
Bellows
Auto
MF
LS

Specification

Optical design
Focal length:135mm
Speed:F/5.6
Maximum format:Medium format 6x6
Mount and Flange focal distance:Hasselblad V [74.9mm] (Bellows)
Diagonal angle of view:32.5° (Medium format)
Lens construction:7 elements - 5 groups
Diaphragm mechanism
Diaphragm type:Automatic
Aperture control:Aperture ring (Manual settings only)
Number of blades:<No data>
Built-in leaf shutter
Type:Mechanical Synchro-Compur
Speeds:1 - 1/500 + B
Focusing
Closest focusing distance:0.54m
Maximum magnification ratio:<No data>
Focusing method:<No data>
Focusing modes:Manual focus only
Manual focus control:None; focusing with bellows
Physical characteristics
Weight:560g
Maximum diameter x Length:⌀78×85mm
Accessories
Filters:Bayonet-type 50mm
Lens hood:Bayonet-type Ø50/100-250 40126 (square)
Teleconverters:<No data>

*) Source of data: Manufacturer's technical data.


Manufacturer description #1

The S-PLANAR f/5.6 - 135mm is designed for use with a bellows extension, so it has no worm-wheel drive for focusing. With the bellows extension the focusing range of the lens is continous from infinity to scale 1:1.

Like the S-PLANAR f/5.6 -120mm, the S-PLANAR f/5.6 -135mm is optimally corrected for close-range work and is therefore ideally suited for all subjects at close range where maximum image quality and freedom from distortion are required.

Owing to its relatively constant correction over a broad scale range, the lens can also be used successtully for distance if it is stopped down slightly more than a normal lens.


Manufacturer description #2

The 135mm S-Planar is a special-purpose lens designed for use with the Hasselblad bellows extension and therefore has no helical focusing mount. With the bellows extension, the focusing range of the lens is continuous from infinity to a scale of 1:1. The lens features optimal correction for close-range applications but can also be used over a wide range of image scales. It can even be used at long lens-to-object distances if stopped down.

Image resolution is not improved in close-up work when the diaphragm is stopped down more than two to three f/stops. At very small apertures, sharpness may be impaired (owing to the diffraction of light), as is the case with all photographic lenses. Since depth-of-field in extreme close-ups, such as a scale of 1:1, is greatly reduced and only amounts to less than a tenth of an inch at f/11, the lens can be stopped down all the way to f/45 in order to attain the best compromise between resolution and depth-of-field.

In such cases, it may be appropriate to first extend the bellows extension until the desired scale is obtained and then adjust the focus with the lens wide open by displacing camera and lens on the lower bellows rails.

The 135mm S-Planar is unsurpassed for rapid, full-format reproduction of large and small objects. In nature photography, for example, the object is often to show vegetation and animals in their natural surroundings but often also in large scale so as to emphasize important details. The same problem is frequently encountered by the industrial photographer who has to show men at work with their tools, details of which are only visible in close-ups. The relatively long focal length of the lens is also an asset appreciated for purely practical reasons, since you get a convenient working distance between the lens and the subject.

The bellows extension and camera combination are operated with a double cable release. All shutter and camera functions operate in the same sequence as usual. The 135mm S-Planar plus the Hasselblad bellows extension can be used with the Hasselblad 500C/M and Hasselblad 500EL/M.

Typical application

macrophotography and product photography

Alternative in the Hasselblad V system

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35mm full frame

43.27 24 36
  • Dimensions: 36 × 24mm
  • Aspect ratio: 3:2
  • Diagonal: 43.27mm

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Image stabilizer

A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film.

The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.

MF

Sorry, no additional information is available.

Original name

Lens name as indicated on the lens barrel (usually on the front ring). With lenses from film era, may vary slightly from batch to batch.

Format

Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.

35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.

APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.

Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).

Angle of view

Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.

As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.

A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).

This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),

where:

CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.

Mount

A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.

A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.

Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance can also be different.

The flange focal distance (FFD) is the distance from the mechanical rear end surface of the lens mount to the focal plane.

Lens construction

Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.

Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.

Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.

Focal length

The focal length is the factor that determines the size of the image reproduced on the focal plane, picture angle which covers the area of the subject to be photographed, depth of field, etc.

Speed

The largest opening or stop at which a lens can be used is referred to as the speed of the lens. The larger the maximum aperture is, the faster the lens is considered to be. Lenses that offer a large maximum aperture are commonly referred to as fast lenses, and lenses with smaller maximum aperture are regarded as slow.

In low-light situations, having a wider maximum aperture means that you can shoot at a faster shutter speed or work at a lower ISO, or both.

Closest focusing distance

The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.

Closest working distance

The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.

Magnification ratio

Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. For example, a magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size".

Electromagnetic diaphragm control system

Provides highly accurate diaphragm control and stable auto exposure performance during continuous shooting.

Manual diaphragm

The diaphragm must be stopped down manually by rotating the detent aperture ring.

Preset diaphragm

The lens has two rings, one is for pre-setting, while the other is for normal diaphragm adjustment. The first ring must be set at the desired aperture, the second ring then should be fully opened for focusing, and turned back for stop down to the pre-set value.

Semi-automatic diaphragm

The lens features spring mechanism in the diaphragm, triggered by the shutter release, which stops down the diaphragm to the pre-set value. The spring needs to be reset manually after each exposure to re-open diaphragm to its maximum value.

Automatic diaphragm

The camera automatically closes the diaphragm down during the shutter operation. On completion of the exposure, the diaphragm re-opens to its maximum value.

Fixed diaphragm

The aperture setting is fixed at F/5.6 on this lens, and cannot be adjusted.

Number of blades

As a general rule, the more blades that are used to create the aperture opening in the lens, the rounder the out-of-focus highlights will be.

Some lenses are designed with curved diaphragm blades, so the roundness of the aperture comes not from the number of blades, but from their shape. However, the fewer blades the diaphragm has, the more difficult it is to form a circle, regardless of rounded edges.

At maximum aperture, the opening will be circular regardless of the number of blades.

Weight

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

Maximum diameter x Length

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.

Weather sealing

A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.

Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.

Fluorine coating

Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front and/or rear lens elements over multi-coatings.

Filters

Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.

Lens hood

A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.

The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.

Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.

Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.

Teleconverters

Teleconverters increase the effective focal length of lenses. They also usually maintain the closest focusing distance of lenses, thus increasing the magnification significantly. A lens combined with a teleconverter is normally smaller, lighter and cheaper than a "direct" telephoto lens of the same focal length and speed.

Teleconverters are a convenient way of enhancing telephoto capability, but it comes at a cost − reduced maximum aperture. Also, since teleconverters magnify every detail in the image, they logically also magnify residual aberrations of the lens.

Lens caps

Scratched lens surfaces can spoil the definition and contrast of even the finest lenses. Lens covers are the best and most inexpensive protection available against dust, moisture and abrasion. Safeguard lens elements - both front and rear - whenever the lens is not in use.