Canon RF 600mm F/4L IS USM

Super telephoto prime lens • Digital era

RF The lens is designed for Canon EOS R digital mirrorless cameras.
L Professional lens with high quality optics and robust build. Meets the highest standards and provides excellent performance and flawless image quality unachievable with traditional optical technologies.
IS The lens is equipped with optical image stabilizer.
USM The lens is equipped with ultrasonic motor.

Canon EOS R

35mm AF digital mirrorless camera

Announced: Sep 2018
Mount: Canon RF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 6720 × 4480 - 30 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS RP

35mm AF digital mirrorless camera

Announced: Feb 2019
Mount: Canon RF
Format: 35.9 × 24mm
Resolution: 6240 × 4160 - 26 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: -

Canon EOS R5

35mm AF digital mirrorless camera

Announced: Jul 2020
Mount: Canon RF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 8192 × 5464 - 45 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: Yes

Canon EOS R6

35mm AF digital mirrorless camera

Announced: Jul 2020
Mount: Canon RF
Format: 36 × 24mm
Resolution: 5472 × 3648 - 20 MP
Sensor type: CMOS
Image stabilizer: Yes

Designed for / のために設計された

Click to expand or collapse section(s)

Features highlight / 機能のハイライト

IF
RT USM
Focus limiter
IS 5.5 stops
DP/WR
FC

Specification / 仕様

Production status and name / 生産状況と名称
Announced / 発表: April 2021
Production status / 生産状況: In production
Original name / 元の名前: CANON LENS RF 600mm F4 L IS USM
Optical design / 光学設計
Maximum format / 最大フォーマット: 35mm full frame
Mount / マウント: Canon RF
Diagonal angle of view / 対角画角: 4.1° (35mm full frame)
Lens construction / レンズ構造: 17 elements - 13 groups
2 FL, 1 Super UD
Diaphragm mechanism / ダイヤフラムメカニズム
Number of blades / 絞り羽根の数: 9
Focusing / フォーカシング
Closest focusing distance / 最短撮影距離: 4.2m
Maximum magnification ratio / 最大倍率: 1:6.67 at the closest focusing distance
Focusing method / フォーカシング方法: Internal focusing (IF)
Focusing modes / フォーカシングモード: Autofocus, manual focus
Manual focus control / マニュアルフォーカス制御: Focusing ring
Autofocus motor / オートフォーカスモーター: Ring-type Ultrasonic Motor
Focus mode selector / フォーカスモードセレクター: AF - PF - MF
Full-Time Manual Focus (FTM): Determined by the camera
Focusing distance range limiter / フォーカシングディスタンスレンジリミッター: FULL;4.2-16;16-
Image stabilizer / 手ぶれ補正
Image Stabilizer (IS): Yes
IS features / 特徴: Mode 1
Mode 2
Mode 3
IS efficiency / 効率: up to 5.5 stops
Physical characteristics / 体格的特徴
Weight / 重量: 3090g
Maximum diameter x Length / 最大直径x長さ: ⌀168×472mm
Weather sealing / ウェザーシーリング: Dust-proof and water-resistant barrel
Fluorine coating / フッ素コーティング: Front and rear elements
Accessories / 付属品
Filters / フィルタ: Removable front filters are not accepted
Additional features / 追加機能: Drop-in filter holder (52mm)
Lens hood / レンズフード: Slip-on ET-160 (WIII) (round)
Slip-on ET-160B (round)
  • Toggle description in Japanese

    メーカーの説明

    おもな特長

    EOS Rシステムの高性能化にあわせ、登場が待たれたプロ/ハイアマ用超望遠単焦点LレンズをRFマウント化。プロ/ハイアマの超望遠撮影ニーズに高次元で応えます。光学軽量化設計とメカ軽量化設計により大幅な軽量化を実現したEFモデルの光学系を継承し、蛍石とスーパーUDレンズなどの活用により、第2レンズ以降の光学系を後方に集中配置したことで、小型化と軽量化を実現しています。

Manufacturer description #1

The Canon RF400mm F2.8L IS USM and Canon RF600mm F4L IS USM are both designed to be optically identical to their EF counterparts. The RF400mm and RF600mm weigh in at 6.37 and 6.81 pounds with a minimum focusing distance of 8.2 and 13.8 feet, respectively. Both lenses share many of the same critical features that help professional high-end super-telephoto lenses stand out from the crowd. Those features include:

  • Ideal for a wide variety of shooting situations, including sports, aviation, trains, automotive, and wildlife, such as birding.
  • Optical Image Stabilization with up to 5.5 stops of shake correction. Including three IS Operation Modes — still subjects, panning, and irregular movement.
  • Proprietary Canon lens coatings, Super Spectra Coating (SSC), and Air Sphere Coating (ASC) help minimize ghosting and flaring. Lens placement and coatings are optimized to provide users with clear, high-contrast images even when there is a bright light source.
  • Lenses include fluorite and super UD lens elements arranged in such a way to help correct chromatic aberration and make the models more compact. Like the latest Canon EF400mm f/2.8L IS III USM and EF600mm f/4L IS III USM lenses, released in the fall of 2018, weight on these RF-series super-telephotos has been significantly reduced vs. previous-generation Canon super tele designs.
  • Compatible with Canon RF 1.4x and 2x extenders, and feature a customizable electronic focus ring, with manual focus capability during SERVO AF.
  • A nine-blade circular aperture provides users beautiful bokeh and ideally blurred backgrounds when the aperture is stopped down.
  • For added convenience when on a shoot, two focus presets are available. Users can instantly return to one of two memorized focus distances.
  • Rugged Canon L-series dust and water-resistant design with vibration and shock resistance. The front element has been dressed with a fluorine coating for easy cleaning.
  • Infrared reflective pigments with high reflectance and titanium oxide lens barrel coating with silica provide excellent UV weather resistance and heat reduction.

Manufacturer description #2

Capture the action with the RF600mm F4 L IS USM that offers professional and advanced photographers the excellent image quality of a Canon L series super telephoto lens. Ideal for wildlife, motorsports, and more, the RF600mm F4 L IS USM provides up to 5.5 stops of shake correction, delivering consistent and sharp results. Featuring a customizable electronic manual focus ring on the lens barrel, you can select from three different speed levels to adjust manual focus to your desired preference. Additionally, its f/4 aperture and 9-blade circular aperture helps create intimacy in background and foreground bokeh for both photos and videos, and the lens is highly versatile and lightweight as far as 600mm lenses go, making it easier to not only bring it to the action, but capture it even from a distance. The RF600mm F4 L IS USM makes it easy to bring the action clear and up close.

With the same optical design as the EF600mm f/4L IS III USM lens, this RF version — dedicated to EOS R-series cameras — brings the same outstanding optical performance to the mirrorless EOS R line. The RF600mm F4 L IS USM distinguishes itself by maintaining incredibly high image quality expected from a Canon L-series lens, with outstanding overall image quality, even at maximum aperture. The Canon 600mm f/4 L-series lenses have historically combined great telephoto power with tremendous sharpness, contrast and clarity, and the RF600mm F4 L IS USM continues that tradition.

Like the EF600mm f/4L IS III USM lens, introduced in late 2018, the RF600mm F4 L IS USM is highlighted by significant weight reductions, vs. previous-generation Canon 600mm f/4L designs — opening the doors to using this lens for subjects and situations where telephoto power, wide maximum aperture AND portability are vital. The RF600mm F4 L IS USM will be outstanding for wildlife, birds in flight, motorsports, and similar applications where portability and the ability to quickly move the camera and lens are vital.

At its minimum focusing distance of approx. 13.78 ft. /4.2m, the RF600mm F4 L IS USM can fill the frame with a subject smaller than a regulation, pro-sized US football.

Optical Image Stabilization in the RF600mm F4 L IS USM provides up to 5.5 stops of shake correction, delivering consistent and sharp results. This helps provide reliable handheld — or monopod-mounted — performance and clear image detail in low-light situations or at lower ISOs. This applies when capturing both stills and video for accurate and clear content.

There are three Image Stabilization mode settings, for control of shake-correction — each can be applied with the sliding, 3-position switch on the lens barrel. Mode 1 provides general shake-correction for stills and video, with the continuous stabilization correction visible in the electronic viewfinder whenever it’s active. Mode 2 is designed for stabilization when deliberately panning, providing correction for lens/camera movement that’s perpendicular to the photographer’s intentional panning movement. And Mode 3 provides immediate shake correction, but only when the shutter is actually released — so the effect of stabilization is not visible in the viewfinder, between shots.

The RF600mm F4 L IS USM lens features Canon's Super Spectra Coating (SSC) that helps maintain overall image quality and color fidelity, as well as Air Sphere Coating (ASC), which significantly helps to reduce the occurrence of lens flare and ghosting regardless of focal length or the angle of light. This helps provide clean results with minimal flare and loss of contrast, especially in heavily back-lit situations..

To help get you even closer to the subject, attach the compatible Extender RF1.4x or Extender RF2x to the RF600mm F4 L IS USM and get the equivalent of 840mm at f/5.6 focal length coverage with the Extender RF1.4x, or 1200mm at f/8 using the Extender RF2x. This added flexibility and versatility helps make the RF600mm F4 L IS USM an amazing option for wildlife photography and more. Canon RF tele extenders transform the lens into an incredibly powerful telephoto combination, with relatively modest additional weight, size and cost.

Featuring a customizable electronic manual focus ring on the lens barrel, the RF600mm F4 L IS USM allows you to select from three different speed levels to adjust manual focus to your desired preference. Adjusted with a 3-position, Manual Focus Speed switch on the lens barrel, Mode 1 provides the “fastest” setting — minimal rotation of the manual focus ring results in significant shifts in actual focus. The Mode 2 and 3 settings add sensitivity, allowing finer focus control as the ring is rotated. The RF600mm F4 L IS USM therefore allows the user to select a preference for quick, rapid manual focus changes, or fine manual focus adjustments. Additionally, manual focus is still possible while autofocus is engaged, letting you fine tune focus adjustments to suit your shooting preferences.

Thanks to its 9-blade, circular aperture, the RF600mm F4 L IS USM is capable of gorgeous, evocative out-of-focus areas and soft backgrounds. Delivering more rounded background blur, the 9-blade circular aperture helps create intimacy and intensity in background and foreground bokeh for both photos and videos.

Memorize one — or two — different focus distances, and immediately return to either one with a slight turn of the RF600mm F4 L IS USM len’s playback ring, on the lens barrel. A wildlife photographer, for example, can pre-focus on two different spots where he or she expects wildlife to appear, and immediately jump to either memorized position via the playback ring. Full AF or manual focus operation remains available, as well.

Built to L series lens specifications, the RF600mm F4 L IS USM features a highly durable design for excellent performance even in inclement weather conditions. It delivers a dust- and water-resistant construction with seals around the mount, switches, rings and more. To help maintain a clean lens, even after multiple lens changes in sub-optimal conditions, the RF600mm F4 L IS USM has a specially designed fluorine coating on its front and rear surfaces. The coating helps to prevent water, oil and other surface residue like fingerprints from sticking to the lens, which facilitates quick and easy wiping, without the use of solvents.

From the editor / 編集者から

In preparation for the 2020 Summer Olympics, which were postponed to July 2021 due to COVID-19 pandemic, Canon decided not to develop a completely new super telephoto lens with a focal length of 600mm and speed of 4 for the EOS R system, but to use the existing SLR design. In fact, the RF 600mm F/4L IS USM is the EF 600mm F/4L IS III USM, but with RF mount instead of EF. It is very easy to verify this: if you'll compare the optical formulas of both lenses, you'll see that they are identical, while the distance between the rear element and the mount of the RF lens is greater than that of the EF lens, since compensation for the difference in flange focal distance is required.

Typical application / 典型的なアプリケーション

distant subjects, distant landscapes with perspective compression effect, sports in good lighting conditions, wild nature

Slowest shutter speed when shooting handheld / ハンドヘルド撮影時のシャッタースピードが最も遅い

IS OFF11/21/41/81/151/301/601/1251/2501/5001/6401/1000+
IS ON11/21/41/81/151/301/601/1251/2501/5001/6401/1000+

Recommendations / 推奨事項

  • Use of a tripod is needed due to heavy weight of the lens

Lenses with similar focal length and speed

Canon RF 600mm F/11 IS STM 2020 Compare43

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35mm full frame

43.27 24 36
  • Dimensions: 36 × 24mm
  • Aspect ratio: 3:2
  • Diagonal: 43.27mm

Travellers' choice

Note

Among autofocus lenses designed for 35mm full-frame mirrorless cameras only. Speed of standard and telephoto lenses is taken into account.

Professional lens (Top class)

One of the best slow super telephoto primes

According to lens-db.com; among lenses designed for the same maximum format and mount.

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Quality control issues

The manufacturer of this lens does not provide adequate quality control. If you do decide to purchase this lens, do not order it online, but choose the best copy available in the store. In any case, there may also be problems with the build quality, and warranty repairs can take months.

Model produced in a small batch. It is collectible and can only be found on the secondary market.

Image stabilizer

A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film.

The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.

Classic focal length

Standard focal length of super telephoto lenses for 35mm full-frame cameras. Lenses of this class are designed primarily for sports and wildlife photography.

Ring-type Ultrasonic Motor

Focusing distance range limiter

The lens features focusing distance range limiter which allows to choose between the following focusing distance ranges:

FULLFull range of focusing distances.
4.2m - 16mRange of focusing distances suitable for shooting nearby subjects.
16m - ∞Range of focusing distances suitable for shooting distant subjects.

By setting the suitable focusing distance range, the actual autofocusing time can be shorter.

AF - PF - MF

AFAutofocus mode.
PFPower focus mode. Operating the playback ring enables smooth focus change at a set speed. The FOCUS PRESET switch should be set at OFF. This focusing mode is useful for changing focus when shooting movies.
MFManual focus mode.

Drop-in filter holder

A drop-in filter holder with a neutral filter comes with the lens. The holder accepts 52mm filters. The filter holder must be always in place because the filter is a part of the lens optical system.

Aspherical elements

Aspherical elements (ASPH, XA, XGM) are used in wide-angle lenses for correction of distortion and in large-aperture lenses for correction of spherical aberration, astigmatism and coma, thus ensuring excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture. The effect of the aspherical element is determined by its position within the optical formula: the more the aspherical element moves away from the aperture stop, the more it influences distortion; close to the aperture stop it can be particularly used to correct spherical aberration. Aspherical element can substitute one or several regular spherical elements to achieve similar or better optical results, which allows to develop more compact and lightweight lenses.

Use of aspherical elements has its downsides: it leads to non-uniform rendering of out-of-focus highlights. This effect usually appears as "onion-like" texture of concentric rings or "wooly-like" texture and is caused by very slight defects in the surface of aspherical element. It is difficult to predict such effect, but usually it occurs when the highlights are small enough and far enough out of focus.

Low dispersion elements

Low dispersion elements (ED, LD, SD, UD etc) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture. This type of glass exhibits low refractive index, low dispersion, and exceptional partial dispersion characteristics compared to standard optical glass. Two lenses made of low dispersion glass offer almost the same performance as one fluorite lens.

Low dispersion elements

Low dispersion elements (ED, LD, SD, UD etc) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture. This type of glass exhibits low refractive index, low dispersion, and exceptional partial dispersion characteristics compared to standard optical glass. Two lenses made of low dispersion glass offer almost the same performance as one fluorite lens.

Canon's Super UD, Nikon's Super ED, Pentax' Super ED, Sigma's FLD ("F" Low Dispersion), Sony' Super ED and Tamron's XLD glasses are the highest level low dispersion glasses available with extremely high light transmission. These optical glasses have a performance equal to fluorite glass.

High-refraction low-dispersion elements

High-refraction low-dispersion elements (HLD) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture.

High Index, High Dispersion elements

High Index, High Dispersion elements (HID) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture.

Anomalous partial dispersion elements

Anomalous partial dispersion elements (AD) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture.

Fluorite elements

Synthetic fluorite elements (FL) minimize chromatic aberrations and ensure excellent sharpness and contrast even at fully open aperture. Compared with optical glass, fluorite lenses have a considerably lower refraction index, low dispersion and extraordinary partial dispersion, and high transmission of infrared and ultraviolet light. They are also significantly lighter than optical glass.

According to Nikon, fluorite easily cracks and is sensitive to temperature changes that can adversely affect focusing by altering the lens' refractive index. To avoid this, Canon, as the manufacturer most widely using fluorite in its telephoto lenses, never uses fluorite in the front and rear lens elements, and the white coating is applied to the lens barrels to reflect light and prevent the lens from overheating.

Short-wavelength refractive elements

High and specialized-dispersion elements (SR) refract light with wavelengths shorter than that of blue to achieve highly precise chromatic aberration compensation. This technology also results in smaller and lighter lenses.

Blue Spectrum Refractive Optics

Organic Blue Spectrum Refractive Optics material (BR Optics) placed between convex and concave elements made from conventional optical glass provides more efficient correction of longitudinal chromatic aberrations in comparison with conventional technology.

Diffraction elements

Diffraction elements (DO, PF) cancel chromatic aberrations at various wavelengths. This technology results in smaller and lighter lenses in comparison with traditional designs with no compromise in image quality.

High refractive index elements

High refractive index elements (HR, HRI, XR etc) minimize field curvature and spherical aberration. High refractive index element can substitute one or several regular elements to achieve similar or better optical results, which allows to develop more compact and lightweight lenses.

Apodization element

Apodization element (APD) is in fact a radial gradient filter. It practically does not change the characteristics of light beam passing through its central part but absorbs the light at the periphery. It sort of softens the edges of the aperture making the transition from foreground to background zone very smooth and results in very attractive, natural looking and silky smooth bokeh.

Original name

Lens name as indicated on the lens barrel (usually on the front ring). With lenses from film era, may vary slightly from batch to batch.

Format

Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.

35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.

APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.

Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).

Angle of view

Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.

As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.

A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).

This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),

where:

CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.

Mount

A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.

A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.

Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance from the lens mount to the film or sensor can also be different.

Lens construction

Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.

Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.

Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.

Closest focusing distance

The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.

Closest working distance

The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.

Magnification ratio

Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. For example, a magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size".

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Electronic manual focus override is performed in the following way: half-press the shutter button, wait until the camera has finished the autofocusing and then focus manually without releasing the shutter button using the focusing ring.

Electromagnetic diaphragm control system

Provides highly accurate diaphragm control and stable auto exposure performance during continuous shooting.

Convex protruding front element

The convex front element protrudes from the lens barrel, making it impossible to use filters.

Fixed focus

There is no helicoid in this lens and everything is in focus from the closest focusing distance to infinity.

Overall linear extension

The entire lens optical system moves straight backward and forward when focusing is carried out. This is the simplest type of focusing used mainly in wide-angle and standard prime lenses. It has the advantage of introducing relatively little change in aberrations with respect to change in focusing distance. With telephoto and super telephoto lenses this method becomes less beneficial in terms of operability because of the increased size and weight of the lens system.

Front group linear extension

The rear group remains fixed and only the front group moves straight backward and forward during focusing. This method is primarily used in zoom lenses and allows to design comparatively simple lens construction, but also places restrictions on zoom magnification and size reduction.

Front group rotational extension

The lens barrel section holding the front lens group rotates to move the front group backward and forward during focusing. This method of focusing is also used only in zoom lenses.

Internal focusing (IF)

Focusing is performed by moving one or more lens groups positioned between the front lens group and the diaphragm.

Methods of internal and rear focusing have the following advantages:

Rear focusing (RF)

Focusing is performed by moving one or more lens groups positioned behind the diaphragm.

Methods of internal and rear focusing have the following advantages:

Number of blades

As a general rule, the more blades that are used to create the aperture opening in the lens, the rounder the out-of-focus highlights will be.

Some lenses are designed with curved diaphragm blades, so the roundness of the aperture comes not from the number of blades, but from their shape. However, the fewer blades the diaphragm has, the more difficult it is to form a circle, regardless of rounded edges.

At maximum aperture, the opening will be circular regardless of the number of blades.

Weight

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

Maximum diameter x Length

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.

Weather sealing

A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.

Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.

Fluorine coating

Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front and/or rear lens elements over multi-coatings.

Filters

Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.

Lens hood

A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.

The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.

Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.

Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.

Efficiency of image stabilizer

The efficiency of image stabilizer is measured in stops and each stop corresponds to a two-times increase of shutter speed. For example, if you are shooting at focal length of 80mm and it is known that the efficiency of image stabilizer is 3 stops, it means that during handheld shooting at such focal length you can use shutter speed of 1/10 second which is exactly 23 times longer than the shutter speed 1/80 second needed to obtain sharp image in sufficient lighting conditions.

Hybrid IS

The image stabilizer has Hybrid IS technology which corrects not only angle but also shift camera shake, which is more pronounced in close-range shooting when a camera moves parallel to the imaging scene. Hybrid IS dramatically enhances the effects of image stabilization during shooting, including macro shooting, which had proven difficult for conventional image stabilization technologies.

XY-Shift

The image stabilizer has XY-Shift technology which corrects not only angle but also shift camera shake, which is more pronounced in close-range shooting when a camera moves parallel to the imaging scene. XY-Shift dramatically enhances the effects of image stabilization during shooting, including macro shooting, which had proven difficult for conventional image stabilization technologies.

Dynamic IS

The image stabilizer has Dynamic IS technology which especially effective when shooting while walking because it compensates strong camera shake. Dynamic IS activates automatically when the camera is set to movie shooting.

Mode 1

Corrects vertical and horizontal camera shake. Mainly effective for shooting still subjects.

Mode 2

Corrects vertical camera shake during following shots in a horizontal direction. Corrects horizontal camera shake during following shots in a vertical direction.

Mode 2

Corrects vertical camera shake during following shots in a horizontal direction.

Mode 2 (Intelligent OS)

The lens incorporates Intelligent OS with algorithm capable of panning in all directions. In Mode 2, the movements of subjects can be captured with panning effects even when the camera is moved horizontally, vertically, or diagonally — regardless of the position of the lens.

Mode 3

Corrects camera shake only during exposure. During panning shots, corrects camera shake during exposure only in one direction the same as Mode 2. Effective for following fast and irregulary moving subjects.

Panning Detection

The image stabilizer automatically detects panning and then corrects camera shake only in one direction.

Tripod Detection

It is often thought that image blur caused by camera shake can be prevented by using a tripod. Actually, however, even using a tripod may result in image blur because of tripod vibration caused by mirror or shutter movement at the time of exposure. The image stabilizer automatically differentiates the frequency of the vibration from that of camera shake, and changes algorithm to correct image blur caused by slight tripod vibration.

VR NORMAL

Corrects vertical and horizontal camera shake. Automatically detects panning and then corrects camera shake only in one direction.

VR ACTIVE

Corrects vertical and horizontal camera shake when shooting from a moving vehicle, or some other unstable position. Panning is not detected.

VR SPORT

Allows a continuous shooting frame rate and release time lag similar to those that are possible when image stabilizer is turned off. Automatically detects panning and then corrects camera shake only in one direction.

VR TRIPOD

It is often thought that image blur caused by camera shake can be prevented by using a tripod. Actually, however, even using a tripod may result in image blur because of tripod vibration caused by mirror or shutter movement at the time of exposure. The image stabilizer automatically differentiates the frequency of the vibration from that of camera shake, and changes algorithm to correct image blur caused by slight tripod vibration.