Canon EOS 10D

APS-C AF digital SLR camera

Canon EOS 10D


Production details:
Announced:February 2003
System: Canon EOS (1987)
Imaging plane:
Maximum format:APS-C
Mount and Flange focal distance:Canon EF [44mm]
Imaging plane:22.7 × 15.1mm CMOS sensor
Resolution:3072 × 2048 - 6 MP
Model:Electronically controlled
Speeds:30 - 1/4000 + B
Sensor-shift image stabilization:-
Exposure metering:Through-the-lens (TTL), open-aperture
Exposure modes:Programmed Auto
Aperture-priority Auto
Shutter-priority Auto
Physical characteristics:

Manufacturer description #1

Amstelveen, The Netherlands, 2003 - Canon, the leader in photographic and imaging technology, introduces the EOS 10D, a 6.3 million pixel Canon digital SLR with a seven point wide area autofocus system, and fast three frames per second burst rate and an ergonomic super-tough magnesium alloy body shell. Launched as the successor to the award winning EOS D60, the EOS 10D builds on the strengths of this highly popular model with a range of improvements to both the camera's design and to its specification.

"The EOS 10D is a camera with massive appeal for serious amateur photographers and professionals alike," says Hiroshi Komatsuzaki, Head of Canon Consumer Imaging Europe. "Its new magnesium alloy body makes it a much more durable and rugged camera, while the improvements in focusing speed and tracking put the EOS 10D on a par with our high-end EOS film cameras."

Faster processing power

The 6.3 million effective pixel CMOS sensor used in the Canon EOS 10D is supported by Canon's unique high power DIGital Imaging Core (DIGIC) processor. The speed at which the DIGIC processor works has allowed Canon to extend the number of full resolution images in burst sequences to 9, at a rate of 3 frames per second. As well as improved speed, DIGIC also helps produce more accurate colour rendition while reducing image noise.

Adaptable to all shooting conditions

The EOS 10D is able to save images simultaneously in both RAW and JPEG formats. With the option of six JPEG file sizes you have control over how large the accompanying JPEG file needs to be. A break through in Canon's noise control technologies sees the EOS 10D offering a wider set of ISO equivalents. A range covering ISO 100-1600 offers high quality images across a very broad spectrum of shooting conditions. Photographers working in particularly poor light may also take advantage of an option to extend this range to ISO 3200, via the custom function menu.

The metering system on the EOS 10D has improved exposure consistency and stability; it uses the newest metering algorithm available and a 35 zone evaluative metering system linked to all 7-focus points.

Colour and light versatility

For a greater selection of recordable colours, and greater image flexibility, Canon has included the Adobe RGB colour space standard into the EOS 10D while maintaining the sRGB format. Photographers can now select a colour space to suit the job in hand.

The EOS 10D shares the same white balance controls as Canon's Professional digital EOS models. In addition to the Custom white balance, the EOS 10D provides users with the option to select Kelvin colour temperature settings to suit almost any lighting situation. The Kelvin scale is identical to that used in the top of the range EOS 1Ds, covering values of 2800-10000K in 100K increments. To complete an extremely versatile white balance control system there is now white balance bracketing and a new pre-set 'Shade', in addition to the existing 6 Auto white balance modes found on the EOS 10D.

Printing and cropping on the road

The EOS 10D is the first digital SLR camera to feature Direct Printing. Linking via a USB cable, photographers will be able to see prints immediately from any of Canons range of compatible Bubble Jet or CP printers without the need to connect to a computer. Controls within the camera's own menu system allow users to choose print quantity, size and image cropping. When using Canon's Card Photo Printer CP-100 15x10cm printer, with the optional battery pack, prints can be made in the field away from a mains power supply.

Feature laden: Other significant features of the EOS-10D include:

  • The automatic selection of FAT16 or Fat32 file systems, to support large capacity CF memory cards of over 2GB storage size.
  • An extended Parameters set, which provides incremental adjustments of sharpness, contrast, colour saturation and colour tone, over a range of +/-5 units.
  • 10x magnification in image playback mode.
  • A Super Intelligent Orientation Sensor has been built in to the EOS 10D body. This sensor detects whether the camera is being held in the portrait or landscape orientation when an image is captured, and automatically rotates the image in the camera's LCD preview screen and on a computer when downloading using Canons ZoomBrowser software. The orientation sensor also plays an important part in the scene metering system, particularly for evaluating the area of sky in an image.
  • A brighter LCD screen back-illuminated by LEDs. Extended battery life providing approx. 650 frames without flash or approx. 500 with 50% flash.
  • Sensor cleaning that can be powered by either a charged battery or when attached to the ACK-E2 AC adapter and the DR-400.

Complete accessory pack

The EOS 10D comes complete with battery pack, compact single battery charging unit, USB cable, video cable, the latest Canon software and Photoshop Elements. The EOS 10D accepts the same BP-511 battery pack, and the same BG-ED3 battery grip as the EOS D60. A new smaller mains power adapter unit ACK-E2 AC is also available.

Manufacturer description #2

The EOS 10D digital SLR camera inherits and expands on the advanced features of the EOS D60, offering enhanced digital-performance and improved shooting features to meet the needs of high-end amateur users.

The model’s imaging element comprises a Canon-developed 6.3-megapixel large-area (22.7 x 15.1mm effective size in a 3:2 aspect ratio) high-resolution CMOS sensor, an RGB primary color filter, and Canon’s newly developed DIGIC Imaging Engine, which makes possible enhanced image-processing speed and precision. These advanced features combine to realize increased image quality and definition, and more natural color reproduction compared with the EOS D60. Advanced shooting features include a high-speed 7-point wide area autofocus (AF) with focusing points superimposed in the viewfinder, making accurate framing simple. Featuring Canon’s proprietary AF sensor, the EOS 10D utilizes a high-speed microprocessor, an orientation sensor, and an improved AF algorithm to boost speed and subject-tracking performance, ensuring that even off-center and fast moving subjects are captured sharply.

The new camera offers enhanced continuous-shooting performance, capturing approximately three frames per second for a burst of up to nine shots, regardless of the recording format, ISO setting or subject conditions. Canon has achieved new advances in its CMOS sensor technology to make possible longer exposures with less degradation in image quality for an extended range of ISO-equivalent speed settings from ISO 100 to ISO 1600. Moreover, the new camera offers an “ISO Expansion” menu setting that permits users to select a maximum speed of ISO 3200.

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35mm full frame

43.27 24 36
  • Dimensions: 36 × 24mm
  • Aspect ratio: 3:2
  • Diagonal: 43.27mm
  • Area: 864mm2

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Image stabilizer

A technology used for reducing or even eliminating the effects of camera shake. Gyro sensors inside the lens detect camera shake and pass the data to a microcomputer. Then an image stabilization group of elements controlled by the microcomputer moves inside the lens and compensates camera shake in order to keep the image static on the imaging sensor or film.

The technology allows to increase the shutter speed by several stops and shoot handheld in such lighting conditions and at such focal lengths where without image stabilizer you have to use tripod, decrease the shutter speed and/or increase the ISO setting which can lead to blurry and noisy images.

Original name

Lens name as indicated on the lens barrel (usually on the front ring). With lenses from film era, may vary slightly from batch to batch.


Format refers to the shape and size of film or image sensor.

35mm is the common name of the 36x24mm film format or image sensor format. It has an aspect ratio of 3:2, and a diagonal measurement of approximately 43mm. The name originates with the total width of the 135 film which was the primary medium of the format prior to the invention of the full frame digital SLR. Historically the 35mm format was sometimes called small format to distinguish it from the medium and large formats.

APS-C is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the film negatives of 25.1x16.7mm with an aspect ratio of 3:2.

Medium format is a film format or image sensor format larger than 36x24mm (35mm) but smaller than 4x5in (large format).

Angle of view

Angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view.

As the focal length changes, the angle of view also changes. The shorter the focal length (eg 18mm), the wider the angle of view. Conversely, the longer the focal length (eg 55mm), the smaller the angle of view.

A camera's angle of view depends not only on the lens, but also on the sensor. Imaging sensors are sometimes smaller than 35mm film frame, and this causes the lens to have a narrower angle of view than with 35mm film, by a certain factor for each sensor (called the crop factor).

This website does not use the angles of view provided by lens manufacturers, but calculates them automatically by the following formula: 114.6 * arctan (21.622 / CF * FL),


CF – crop-factor of a sensor,
FL – focal length of a lens.


A lens mount is an interface — mechanical and often also electrical — between a camera body and a lens.

A lens mount may be a screw-threaded type, a bayonet-type, or a breech-lock type. Modern camera lens mounts are of the bayonet type, because the bayonet mechanism precisely aligns mechanical and electrical features between lens and body, unlike screw-threaded mounts.

Lens mounts of competing manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Sony etc.) are always incompatible. In addition to the mechanical and electrical interface variations, the flange focal distance can also be different.

The flange focal distance (FFD) is the distance from the mechanical rear end surface of the lens mount to the focal plane.

Lens construction

Lens construction – a specific arrangement of elements and groups that make up the optical design, including type and size of elements, type of used materials etc.

Element - an individual piece of glass which makes up one component of a photographic lens. Photographic lenses are nearly always built up of multiple such elements.

Group – a cemented together pieces of glass which form a single unit or an individual piece of glass. The advantage is that there is no glass-air surfaces between cemented together pieces of glass, which reduces reflections.

Focal length

The focal length is the factor that determines the size of the image reproduced on the focal plane, picture angle which covers the area of the subject to be photographed, depth of field, etc.


The largest opening or stop at which a lens can be used is referred to as the speed of the lens. The larger the maximum aperture is, the faster the lens is considered to be. Lenses that offer a large maximum aperture are commonly referred to as fast lenses, and lenses with smaller maximum aperture are regarded as slow.

In low-light situations, having a wider maximum aperture means that you can shoot at a faster shutter speed or work at a lower ISO, or both.

Closest focusing distance

The minimum distance from the focal plane (film or sensor) to the subject where the lens is still able to focus.

Closest working distance

The distance from the front edge of the lens to the subject at the maximum magnification.

Magnification ratio

Determines how large the subject will appear in the final image. For example, a magnification ratio of 1:1 means that the image of the subject formed on the film or sensor will be the same size as the subject in real life. For this reason, a 1:1 ratio is often called "life-size".

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Manual focus override in autofocus mode

Allows to perform final focusing manually after the camera has locked the focus automatically. Note that you don't have to switch camera and/or lens to manual focus mode.

Electronic manual focus override is performed in the following way: half-press the shutter button, wait until the camera has finished the autofocusing and then focus manually without releasing the shutter button using the focusing ring.

Manual diaphragm

The diaphragm must be stopped down manually by rotating the detent aperture ring.

Preset diaphragm

The lens has two rings, one is for pre-setting, while the other is for normal diaphragm adjustment. The first ring must be set at the desired aperture, the second ring then should be fully opened for focusing, and turned back for stop down to the pre-set value.

Semi-automatic diaphragm

The lens features spring mechanism in the diaphragm, triggered by the shutter release, which stops down the diaphragm to the pre-set value. The spring needs to be reset manually after each exposure to re-open diaphragm to its maximum value.

Automatic diaphragm

The camera automatically closes the diaphragm down during the shutter operation. On completion of the exposure, the diaphragm re-opens to its maximum value.

Fixed diaphragm

The aperture setting is fixed at F/ on this lens, and cannot be adjusted.

Number of blades

As a general rule, the more blades that are used to create the aperture opening in the lens, the rounder the out-of-focus highlights will be.

Some lenses are designed with curved diaphragm blades, so the roundness of the aperture comes not from the number of blades, but from their shape. However, the fewer blades the diaphragm has, the more difficult it is to form a circle, regardless of rounded edges.

At maximum aperture, the opening will be circular regardless of the number of blades.


Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

Maximum diameter x Length

Excluding case or pouch, caps and other detachable accessories (lens hood, close-up adapter, tripod adapter etc.).

For lenses with collapsible design, the length is indicated for the working (retracted) state.

Weather sealing

A rubber material which is inserted in between each externally exposed part (manual focus and zoom rings, buttons, switch panels etc.) to ensure it is properly sealed against dust and moisture.

Lenses that accept front mounted filters typically do not have gaskets behind the filter mount. It is recommended to use a filter for complete weather resistance when desired.

Fluorine coating

Helps keep lenses clean by reducing the possibility of dust and dirt adhering to the lens and by facilitating cleaning should the need arise. Applied to the outer surface of the front and/or rear lens elements over multi-coatings.


Lens filters are accessories that can protect lenses from dirt and damage, enhance colors, minimize glare and reflections, and add creative effects to images.

Lens hood

A lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the end of a lens to block the sun or other light source in order to prevent glare and lens flare. Flare occurs when stray light strikes the front element of a lens and then bounces around within the lens. This stray light often comes from very bright light sources, such as the sun, bright studio lights, or a bright white background.

The geometry of the lens hood can vary from a plain cylindrical or conical section to a more complex shape, sometimes called a petal, tulip, or flower hood. This allows the lens hood to block stray light with the higher portions of the lens hood, while allowing more light into the corners of the image through the lowered portions of the hood.

Lens hoods are more prominent in long focus lenses because they have a smaller viewing angle than that of wide-angle lenses. For wide angle lenses, the length of the hood cannot be as long as those for telephoto lenses, as a longer hood would enter the wider field of view of the lens.

Lens hoods are often designed to fit onto the matching lens facing either forward, for normal use, or backwards, so that the hood may be stored with the lens without occupying much additional space. In addition, lens hoods can offer some degree of physical protection for the lens due to the hood extending farther than the lens itself.


Teleconverters increase the effective focal length of lenses. They also usually maintain the closest focusing distance of lenses, thus increasing the magnification significantly. A lens combined with a teleconverter is normally smaller, lighter and cheaper than a "direct" telephoto lens of the same focal length and speed.

Teleconverters are a convenient way of enhancing telephoto capability, but it comes at a cost − reduced maximum aperture. Also, since teleconverters magnify every detail in the image, they logically also magnify residual aberrations of the lens.

Lens caps

Scratched lens surfaces can spoil the definition and contrast of even the finest lenses. Lens covers are the best and most inexpensive protection available against dust, moisture and abrasion. Safeguard lens elements - both front and rear - whenever the lens is not in use.